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Matthew 4:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And when he had fasted forty days and forty nights, he afterward hungered.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And when he had fasted forty days and forty nights, he was afterward an hungred.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And after He had fasted forty days and forty nights, He then became hungry.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And when he had fasted forty days and forty nights, he was afterward hungry.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and having fasted forty days and forty nights, afterwards he hungered.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— and, fasting forty days and forty nights,—afterwards, he hungered.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and having fasted forty days and forty nights, afterwards he did hunger.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And when he had fasted forty days and forty nights, afterwards he was hungry.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And when hee had fasted forty dayes and forty nights, hee was afterward an hungred.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And he fasted forty days and forty nights; but afterward he hungered.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And he fasted forty days and forty nights, and afterward he hungered.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
when he had fasted 3522
{3522} Prime
νηστεύω
nesteuo
{nace-tyoo'-o}
From G3523; to abstain from food (religiously).
z5660
<5660> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 714
forty 5062
{5062} Prime
τεσσαράκοντα
tessarakonta
{tes-sar-ak'-on-tah}
The decade of G5064; forty.
days 2250
{2250} Prime
ἡμέρα
hemera
{hay-mer'-ah}
Feminine (with G5610 implied) of a derivative of ἧμαι [[hemai]] (to sit; akin to the base of G1476) meaning tame, that is, gentle; day, that is, (literally) the time space between dawn and dark, or the whole 24 hours (but several days were usually reckoned by the Jews as inclusive of the parts of both extremes); figuratively a period (always defined more or less clearly by the context).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
forty 5062
{5062} Prime
τεσσαράκοντα
tessarakonta
{tes-sar-ak'-on-tah}
The decade of G5064; forty.
nights, 3571
{3571} Prime
νύξ
nux
{noox}
A primary word; 'night' (literally or figuratively).
he was afterward y5305
[5305] Standard
ὕστερον
husteron
{hoos'-ter-on}
Neuter of G5306 as adverb; more lately, that is, eventually.
an hungred. 3983
{3983} Prime
πεινάω
peinao
{pi-nah'-o}
From the same as G3993 (through the idea of pinching toil; 'pine'); to famish (absolutely or comparatively); figuratively to crave.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
x5305
(5305) Complement
ὕστερον
husteron
{hoos'-ter-on}
Neuter of G5306 as adverb; more lately, that is, eventually.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Matthew 4:2

_ _ First Stage:

_ _ And when he had fasted forty days and forty nights — Luke says “When they were quite ended” (Luke 4:2).

_ _ he was afterward an hungered — evidently implying that the sensation of hunger was unfelt during all the forty days; coming on only at their close. So it was apparently with Moses (Exodus 34:28) and Elijah (1 Kings 19:8) for the same period. A supernatural power of endurance was of course imparted to the body, but this probably operated through a natural law — the absorption of the Redeemer’s Spirit in the dread conflict with the tempter. (See on Acts 9:9). Had we only this Gospel, we should suppose the temptation did not begin till after this. But it is clear, from Mark’s statement, that “He was in the wilderness forty days tempted of Satan” (Mark 1:13), and Luke’s, “being forty days tempted of the devil” (Luke 4:2), that there was a forty days’ temptation before the three specific temptations afterwards recorded. And this is what we have called the First Stage. What the precise nature and object of the forty days’ temptation were is not recorded. But two things seem plain enough. First, the tempter had utterly failed of his object, else it had not been renewed; and the terms in which he opens his second attack imply as much. But further, the tempter’s whole object during the forty days evidently was to get Him to distrust the heavenly testimony borne to Him at His baptism as THE SON OF GOD — to persuade Him to regard it as but a splendid illusion — and, generally, to dislodge from His breast the consciousness of His Sonship. With what plausibility the events of His previous history from the beginning would be urged upon Him in support of this temptation it is easy to imagine. And it makes much in support of this view of the forty days’ temptation that the particulars of it are not recorded; for how the details of such a purely internal struggle could be recorded it is hard to see. If this be correct, how naturally does the Second Stage of the temptation open! In Mark’s brief notice of the temptation there is one expressive particular not given either by Matthew or by Luke — that “He was with the wild beasts” (Mark 1:12), no doubt to add terror to solitude, and aggravate the horrors of the whole scene.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 4:1-11.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Matthew 4:2

Having fasted — Whereby doubtless he received more abundant spiritual strength from God. Forty days and forty nights — As did Moses, the giver of the law, and Elijah, the great restorer of it. He was afterward hungry — And so prepared for the first temptation.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Matthew 4:2

And when he had fasted (a) forty days and forty nights, he was afterward an hungred.

(a) A full forty days.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
fasted:

Exodus 24:18 And Moses went into the midst of the cloud, and gat him up into the mount: and Moses was in the mount forty days and forty nights.
Exodus 34:28 And he was there with the LORD forty days and forty nights; he did neither eat bread, nor drink water. And he wrote upon the tables the words of the covenant, the ten commandments.
Deuteronomy 9:9 When I was gone up into the mount to receive the tables of stone, [even] the tables of the covenant which the LORD made with you, then I abode in the mount forty days and forty nights, I neither did eat bread nor drink water:
Deuteronomy 9:18 And I fell down before the LORD, as at the first, forty days and forty nights: I did neither eat bread, nor drink water, because of all your sins which ye sinned, in doing wickedly in the sight of the LORD, to provoke him to anger.
Deuteronomy 9:25 Thus I fell down before the LORD forty days and forty nights, as I fell down [at the first]; because the LORD had said he would destroy you.
Deuteronomy 18:18 I will raise them up a Prophet from among their brethren, like unto thee, and will put my words in his mouth; and he shall speak unto them all that I shall command him.
1 Kings 19:8 And he arose, and did eat and drink, and went in the strength of that meat forty days and forty nights unto Horeb the mount of God.
Luke 4:2 Being forty days tempted of the devil. And in those days he did eat nothing: and when they were ended, he afterward hungered.

he was:

Matthew 21:18 Now in the morning as he returned into the city, he hungered.
Mark 11:12 And on the morrow, when they were come from Bethany, he was hungry:
John 4:6 Now Jacob's well was there. Jesus therefore, being wearied with [his] journey, sat thus on the well: [and] it was about the sixth hour.
Hebrews 2:14-17 Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil; ... Wherefore in all things it behoved him to be made like unto [his] brethren, that he might be a merciful and faithful high priest in things [pertaining] to God, to make reconciliation for the sins of the people.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 24:18; 34:28. Dt 9:9, 18, 25; 18:18. 1K 19:8. Mt 21:18. Mk 11:12. Lk 4:2. Jn 4:6. He 2:14.

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