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Matthew 4:15 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali, Toward the sea, beyond the Jordan, Galilee of the Gentiles,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The land of Zabulon, and the land of Nephthalim, [by] the way of the sea, beyond Jordan, Galilee of the Gentiles;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “THE LAND OF ZEBULUN AND THE LAND OF NAPHTALI, BY THE WAY OF THE SEA, BEYOND THE JORDAN , GALILEE OF THE GENTILES—
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The land of Zabulon, and the land of Nephthalim, [by] the way of the sea, beyond Jordan, Galilee of the Gentiles:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Land of Zabulon and land of Nepthalim, way of [the] sea beyond the Jordan, Galilee of the nations:
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Land of Zebulun, and land of Naphtali, the lake-way across the Jordan,—Galilee of the nations,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'Land of Zebulun and land of Naphtali, way of the sea, beyond the Jordan, Galilee of the nations!—
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Land of Zabulon and land of Nephthalim, the way of the sea beyond the Jordan, Galilee of the Gentiles:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The land of Zabulon, and the land of Nephthali, by the way of the Sea beyond Iordane, Galilee of the Gentiles:
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— The land of Zabolon, the land of Naptholi, the way of the sea beyond Jurdan, Galila of the peoples.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— The land of Zebulon, the land of Naphthali, the way of the sea, the ford of Jordan, Galilee of the Gentiles;

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The land 1093
{1093} Prime
γῆ
ge
{ghay}
Contracted from a primary word; soil; by extension a region, or the solid part or the whole of the terrene globe (including the occupants in each application).
of Zabulon, 2194
{2194} Prime
Ζαβουλών
Zaboulon
{dzab-oo-lone'}
Of Hebrew origin [H2074]; Zabulon (that is, Zebulon), a region of Palestine.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the land 1093
{1093} Prime
γῆ
ge
{ghay}
Contracted from a primary word; soil; by extension a region, or the solid part or the whole of the terrene globe (including the occupants in each application).
of Nephthalim, 3508
{3508} Prime
Νεφθαλείμ
Nephthaleim
{nef-thal-ime'}
Of Hebrew origin [H5321]; Nephthaleim (that is, Naphthali), a tribe in Palestine.
[by] the way 3598
{3598} Prime
ὁδός
hodos
{hod-os'}
Apparently a primary word; a road; by implication a progress (the route, act or distance); figuratively a mode or means.
of the sea, 2281
{2281} Prime
θάλασσα
thalassa
{thal'-as-sah}
Probably prolonged from G0251; the sea (generally or specifically).
beyond 4008
{4008} Prime
πέραν
peran
{per'-an}
Apparently the accusative case of an obsolete derivation of πείρω [[peiro]] (to 'pierce'); through (as adverb or preposition), that is, across.
Jordan, 2446
{2446} Prime
Ἰορδάνης
Iordanes
{ee-or-dan'-ace}
Of Hebrew origin [H3383]; the Jordanes (that is, Jarden), a river of Palestine.
Galilee 1056
{1056} Prime
Γαλιλαία
Galilaia
{gal-il-ah'-yah}
Of hebrew origin [H1551]; Galilaea (that is, the heathen circle), a region of Palestine.
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
Gentiles; 1484
{1484} Prime
ἔθνος
ethnos
{eth'-nos}
Probably from G1486; a race (as of the same habit), that is, a tribe; specifically a foreign (non-Jewish) one (usually by implication pagan).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Matthew 4:15

_ _ The land of Zabulon, and the land of Nephthalim, by the way of the sea — the coast skirting the Sea of Galilee westward — beyond Jordan — a phrase commonly meaning eastward of Jordan; but here and in several places it means westward of the Jordan. The word seems to have got the general meaning of “the other side”; the nature of the case determining which side that was.

_ _ Galilee of the Gentiles — so called from its position, which made it the frontier between the Holy Land and the external world. While Ephraim and Judah, as Stanley says, were separated from the world by the Jordan valley on one side and the hostile Philistines on another, the northern tribes were in the direct highway of all the invaders from the north, in unbroken communication with the promiscuous races who have always occupied the heights of Lebanon, and in close and peaceful alliance with the most commercial nation of the ancient world, the Phoenicians. Twenty of the cities of Galilee were actually annexed by Solomon to the adjacent kingdom of Tyre, and formed, with their territory, the “boundary” or “offscouring” (Gebul or Cabul) of the two dominions — at a later time still known by the general name of “the boundaries (coasts or borders) of Tyre and Sidon.” In the first great transportation of the Jewish population, Naphtali and Galilee suffered the same fate as the trans-jordanic tribes before Ephraim or Judah had been molested (2 Kings 15:29). In the time of the Christian era this original disadvantage of their position was still felt; the speech of the Galileans “bewrayed them” by its uncouth pronunciation (Matthew 26:73); and their distance from the seats of government and civilization at Jerusalem and Caesarea gave them their character for turbulence or independence, according as it was viewed by their friends or their enemies.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 4:12-17.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Matthew 4:15

Galilee of the Gentiles — That part of Galilee which lay beyond Jordan was so called, because it was in a great measure inhabited by Gentiles, that is, heathens. Isaiah 9:1-2.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Matthew 4:15

The land of Zabulon, and the land of Nephthalim, [by] the way of the (e) sea, beyond Jordan, (f) Galilee of the Gentiles;

(e) Of Tiberias, or because that country went toward Tyre, which borders the eastern Mediterranean Sea.

(f) So called because it bordered upon Tyre and Sidon, and because Solomon gave the king of Tyre twenty cities in that quarter; (1 Kings 9:11).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Galilee:

Joshua 20:7 And they appointed Kedesh in Galilee in mount Naphtali, and Shechem in mount Ephraim, and Kirjatharba, which [is] Hebron, in the mountain of Judah.
Joshua 21:32 And out of the tribe of Naphtali, Kedesh in Galilee with her suburbs, [to be] a city of refuge for the slayer; and Hammothdor with her suburbs, and Kartan with her suburbs; three cities.
1 Kings 9:11 ([Now] Hiram the king of Tyre had furnished Solomon with cedar trees and fir trees, and with gold, according to all his desire,) that then king Solomon gave Hiram twenty cities in the land of Galilee.
2 Kings 15:29 In the days of Pekah king of Israel came Tiglathpileser king of Assyria, and took Ijon, and Abelbethmaachah, and Janoah, and Kedesh, and Hazor, and Gilead, and Galilee, all the land of Naphtali, and carried them captive to Assyria.
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Jsh 20:7; 21:32. 1K 9:11. 2K 15:29.

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