Parallel Bible VersionsGreek Bible Study Tools

Matthew 3:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— whose fan is in his hand, and he will thoroughly cleanse his threshing-floor; and he will gather his wheat into the garner, but the chaff he will burn up with unquenchable fire.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Whose fan [is] in his hand, and he will throughly purge his floor, and gather his wheat into the garner; but he will burn up the chaff with unquenchable fire.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “His winnowing fork is in His hand, and He will thoroughly clear His threshing floor; and He will gather His wheat into the barn, but He will burn up the chaff with unquenchable fire.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Whose fan [is] in his hand, and he will thoroughly cleanse his floor, and gather his wheat into the granary; but he will burn the chaff with unquenchable fire.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— whose winnowing fan [is] in his hand, and he shall thoroughly purge his threshing-floor, and shall gather his wheat into the garner, but the chaff he will burn with fire unquenchable.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Whose fan is in his hand, and he will clear out his threshing-floor,—and will gather his wheat into the granary, but, the chaff, will he burn up with fire unquenchable.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— whose fan [is] in his hand, and he will thoroughly cleanse his floor, and will gather his wheat to the storehouse, but the chaff he will burn with fire unquenchable.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Whose fan is in his hand, and he will thoroughly cleanse his floor and gather his wheat into the barn; but the chaff he will burn with unquenchable fire.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Whose fanne is in his hand, and he will throughly purge his floore, and gather his wheat into the garner: but wil burne vp the chaffe with vnquenchable fire.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— He (it is) whose fan is in his hand, and, purifying his floors, the wheat he gathereth into his garner, but the chaff he burneth with the fire that is not quenched.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— His winnowing shovel is in his hand; and he will make clean his threshing-floor. The wheat he will gather into his storehouse; and the chaff he will burn with fire not extinguished.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Whose 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
fan 4425
{4425} Prime
πτύον
ptuon
{ptoo'-on}
From G4429; a winnowing fork (as scattering like spittle).
[is] in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
his 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
hand, 5495
{5495} Prime
χείρ
cheir
{khire}
Perhaps from the base of G5494 in the sense of its congener the base of G5490 (through the idea of hollowness for grasping); the hand (literally or figuratively [power]; especially [by Hebraism] a means or instrument).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
he will throughly purge 1245
{1245} Prime
διακαθαρίζω
diakatharizo
{dee-ak-ath-ar-id'-zo}
From G1223 and G2511; to cleanse perfectly, that is, (specifically) winnow.
z5692
<5692> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 814
his y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
floor, 257
{0257} Prime
ἅλων
halon
{hal'-ohn}
Probably form the base of G1507; a threshing floor (as rolled hard), that is, (figuratively) the grain (and chaff, as just threshed).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
gather 4863
{4863} Prime
συνάγω
sunago
{soon-ag'-o}
From G4862 and G0071; to lead together, that is, collect or convene; specifically to entertain (hospitably).
z5692
<5692> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 814
his y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
wheat 4621
{4621} Prime
σῖτος
sitos
{see'-tos}
σῖτα [[sita]], {see'-tah}; is the plural irregular neuter of the first form. Of uncertain derivation; grain, especially wheat.
into 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
garner; 596
{0596} Prime
ἀποθήκη
apotheke
{ap-oth-ay'-kay}
From G0659; a repository, that is, granary.
but 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
he will burn up 2618
{2618} Prime
κατακαίω
katakaio
{kat-ak-ah'-ee-o}
From G2596 and G2545; to burn down (to the ground), that is, consume wholly.
z5692
<5692> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 814
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
chaff 892
{0892} Prime
ἄχυρον
achuron
{akh'-oo-ron}
Perhaps remotely from χέω [[cheo]] (to shed forth); chaff (as diffusive).
with unquenchable 762
{0762} Prime
ἄσβεστος
asbestos
{as'-bes-tos}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and a derivative of G4570; not extinguished, that is, (by implication) perpetual.
fire. 4442
{4442} Prime
πῦρ
pur
{poor}
A primary word; 'fire' (literally or figuratively, specifically lightning).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Matthew 3:12

_ _ Whose fan — winnowing fan.

_ _ is in his hand — ready for use. This is no other than the preaching of the Gospel, even now beginning, the effect of which would be to separate the solid from the spiritually worthless, as wheat, by the winnowing fan, from the chaff. (Compare the similar representation in Malachi 3:1-3).

_ _ and he will throughly purge his floor — threshing-floor; that is, the visible Church.

_ _ and gather his wheat — His true-hearted saints; so called for their solid worth (compare Amos 9:9; Luke 22:31).

_ _ into the garner — “the kingdom of their Father,” as this “garner” or “barn” is beautifully explained by our Lord in the parable of the wheat and the tares (Matthew 13:30, Matthew 13:43).

_ _ but he will burn up the chaff — empty, worthless professors of religion, void of all solid religious principle and character (see Psalms 1:4).

_ _ with unquenchable fire — Singular is the strength of this apparent contradiction of figures: — to be burnt up, but with a fire that is unquenchable; the one expressing the utter destruction of all that constitutes one’s true life, the other the continued consciousness of existence in that awful condition.

_ _ Luke adds the following important particulars (Luke 3:18-20):

_ _ Luke 3:18 :
_ _ And many other things in his exhortation preached he unto the people — showing that we have here but an abstract of his teaching. Besides what we read in John 1:29, John 1:33, John 1:34; John 3:27-36, the incidental allusion to his having taught his disciples to pray (Luke 11:1) — of which not a word is said elsewhere — shows how varied his teaching was.
_ _ Luke 3:19 :
_ _ But Herod the tetrarch, being reproved by him for Herodias his brother Philip’s wife, and for all the evils which Herod had done — In this last clause we have an important fact, here only mentioned, showing how thoroughgoing was the fidelity of the Baptist to his royal hearer, and how strong must have been the workings of conscience in that slave of passion when, notwithstanding such plainness, he “did many things, and heard John gladly” (Mark 6:20).
_ _ Luke 3:20 :
_ _ Added yet this above all, that he shut up John in prison — This imprisonment of John, however, did not take place for some time after this; and it is here recorded merely because the Evangelist did not intend to recur to his history till he had occasion to relate the message which he sent to Christ from his prison at Machaerus (Luke 7:18, etc.).
Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 3:7-12.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Matthew 3:12

Whose fan — That is, the word of the Gospel. His floor — That is, his Church, which is now covered with a mixture of wheat and chaff. He will gather the wheat into the garner — Will lay up those who are truly good in heaven.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Matthew 3:12

(6) Whose fan [is] in his hand, and he will throughly (m) purge his floor, and gather his wheat into the garner; but he will burn up the chaff with unquenchable fire.

(6) The triumphs of the wicked will end in everlasting torment.

(m) Will clean it thoroughly, and make a full riddance.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
fan:

Isaiah 30:24 The oxen likewise and the young asses that ear the ground shall eat clean provender, which hath been winnowed with the shovel and with the fan.
Isaiah 41:16 Thou shalt fan them, and the wind shall carry them away, and the whirlwind shall scatter them: and thou shalt rejoice in the LORD, [and] shalt glory in the Holy One of Israel.
Jeremiah 4:11 At that time shall it be said to this people and to Jerusalem, A dry wind of the high places in the wilderness toward the daughter of my people, not to fan, nor to cleanse,
Jeremiah 15:7 And I will fan them with a fan in the gates of the land; I will bereave [them] of children, I will destroy my people, [since] they return not from their ways.
Jeremiah 51:2 And will send unto Babylon fanners, that shall fan her, and shall empty her land: for in the day of trouble they shall be against her round about.
Luke 3:17 Whose fan [is] in his hand, and he will throughly purge his floor, and will gather the wheat into his garner; but the chaff he will burn with fire unquenchable.

he will thoroughly:

Matthew 13:41 The Son of man shall send forth his angels, and they shall gather out of his kingdom all things that offend, and them which do iniquity;
Matthew 13:49-50 So shall it be at the end of the world: the angels shall come forth, and sever the wicked from among the just, ... And shall cast them into the furnace of fire: there shall be wailing and gnashing of teeth.
Malachi 3:2-3 But who may abide the day of his coming? and who shall stand when he appeareth? for he [is] like a refiner's fire, and like fullers' soap: ... And he shall sit [as] a refiner and purifier of silver: and he shall purify the sons of Levi, and purge them as gold and silver, that they may offer unto the LORD an offering in righteousness.
Malachi 4:1 For, behold, the day cometh, that shall burn as an oven; and all the proud, yea, and all that do wickedly, shall be stubble: and the day that cometh shall burn them up, saith the LORD of hosts, that it shall leave them neither root nor branch.
John 15:2 Every branch in me that beareth not fruit he taketh away: and every [branch] that beareth fruit, he purgeth it, that it may bring forth more fruit.

and gather:

Matthew 13:30 Let both grow together until the harvest: and in the time of harvest I will say to the reapers, Gather ye together first the tares, and bind them in bundles to burn them: but gather the wheat into my barn.
Matthew 13:43 Then shall the righteous shine forth as the sun in the kingdom of their Father. Who hath ears to hear, let him hear.
Amos 9:9 For, lo, I will command, and I will sift the house of Israel among all nations, like as [corn] is sifted in a sieve, yet shall not the least grain fall upon the earth.

but:

Job 21:18 They are as stubble before the wind, and as chaff that the storm carrieth away.
Psalms 1:4 The ungodly [are] not so: but [are] like the chaff which the wind driveth away.
Psalms 35:5 Let them be as chaff before the wind: and let the angel of the LORD chase [them].
Isaiah 5:24 Therefore as the fire devoureth the stubble, and the flame consumeth the chaff, [so] their root shall be as rottenness, and their blossom shall go up as dust: because they have cast away the law of the LORD of hosts, and despised the word of the Holy One of Israel.
Isaiah 17:13 The nations shall rush like the rushing of many waters: but [God] shall rebuke them, and they shall flee far off, and shall be chased as the chaff of the mountains before the wind, and like a rolling thing before the whirlwind.
Hosea 13:3 Therefore they shall be as the morning cloud, and as the early dew that passeth away, as the chaff [that] is driven with the whirlwind out of the floor, and as the smoke out of the chimney.
Malachi 4:1 For, behold, the day cometh, that shall burn as an oven; and all the proud, yea, and all that do wickedly, shall be stubble: and the day that cometh shall burn them up, saith the LORD of hosts, that it shall leave them neither root nor branch.
Luke 3:17 Whose fan [is] in his hand, and he will throughly purge his floor, and will gather the wheat into his garner; but the chaff he will burn with fire unquenchable.

with:

Isaiah 1:31 And the strong shall be as tow, and the maker of it as a spark, and they shall both burn together, and none shall quench [them].
Isaiah 66:24 And they shall go forth, and look upon the carcases of the men that have transgressed against me: for their worm shall not die, neither shall their fire be quenched; and they shall be an abhorring unto all flesh.
Jeremiah 7:20 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, mine anger and my fury shall be poured out upon this place, upon man, and upon beast, and upon the trees of the field, and upon the fruit of the ground; and it shall burn, and shall not be quenched.
Jeremiah 17:27 But if ye will not hearken unto me to hallow the sabbath day, and not to bear a burden, even entering in at the gates of Jerusalem on the sabbath day; then will I kindle a fire in the gates thereof, and it shall devour the palaces of Jerusalem, and it shall not be quenched.
Ezekiel 20:47-48 And say to the forest of the south, Hear the word of the LORD; Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I will kindle a fire in thee, and it shall devour every green tree in thee, and every dry tree: the flaming flame shall not be quenched, and all faces from the south to the north shall be burned therein. ... And all flesh shall see that I the LORD have kindled it: it shall not be quenched.
Mark 9:43-48 And if thy hand offend thee, cut it off: it is better for thee to enter into life maimed, than having two hands to go into hell, into the fire that never shall be quenched: ... Where their worm dieth not, and the fire is not quenched.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jb 21:18. Ps 1:4; 35:5. Is 1:31; 5:24; 17:13; 30:24; 41:16; 66:24. Jr 4:11; 7:20; 15:7; 17:27; 51:2. Ezk 20:47. Ho 13:3. Am 9:9. Mal 3:2; 4:1. Mt 13:30, 41, 43, 49. Mk 9:43. Lk 3:17. Jn 15:2.

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