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Matthew 3:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And even now the axe lieth at the root of the trees: every tree therefore that bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn down, and cast into the fire.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And now also the axe is laid unto the root of the trees: therefore every tree which bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn down, and cast into the fire.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “The axe is already laid at the root of the trees; therefore every tree that does not bear good fruit is cut down and thrown into the fire.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And now also the ax is laid to the root of the trees: therefore every tree which bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn down, and cast into the fire.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And already the axe is applied to the root of the trees; every tree therefore not producing good fruit is cut down and cast into the fire.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Already also, the axe, unto the root of the trees, is being laid,—every tree, therefore, not bringing forth good fruit, is to be hewn down, and, into fire, to be cast.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and now also, the axe unto the root of the trees is laid, every tree therefore not bearing good fruit is hewn down, and to fire is cast.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For now the axe is laid to the root of the trees. Every tree therefore that doth not yield good fruit, shall be cut down, and cast into the fire.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And now also the axe is layd vnto the root of the trees: Therefore euery tree which bringeth not foorth good fruite, is hewen downe, and cast into the fire.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— But, behold, the axe lieth at the root of the trees; every tree, therefore, which maketh not good fruit is cut down and falleth into the fire.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And lo, the ax is put to the root of trees. Every tree, therefore, which beareth not good fruit, is felled, and falleth into the fire.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
now 2235
{2235} Prime
ἤδη
ede
{ay'-day}
Apparently from G2228 (or possibly G2229) and G1211; even now.
also 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
axe 513
{0513} Prime
ἀξίνη
axine
{ax-ee'-nay}
Probably from ἄγνυμι [[agnumi]] (to break; compare G4486); an axe.
is laid 2749
{2749} Prime
κεῖμαι
keimai
{ki'-mahee}
Middle voice of a primary verb; to lie outstretched (literally or figuratively).
z5736
<5736> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 618
unto 4314
{4314} Prime
πρός
pros
{pros}
A strengthened form of G4253; a preposition of direction; forward to, that is, toward (with the genitive case the side of, that is, pertaining to; with the dative case by the side of, that is, near to; usually with the accusative case the place, time, occasion, or respect, which is the destination of the relation, that is, whither or for which it is predicated).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
root 4491
{4491} Prime
ῥίζα
rhiza
{hrid'-zah}
Apparently a primary word; a 'root' (literally or figuratively).
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
trees: 1186
{1186} Prime
δένδρον
dendron
{den'-dron}
Probably from δρύς [[drus]] (an oak); a tree.
therefore 3767
{3767} Prime
οὖν
oun
{oon}
Apparently a primary word; (adverbially) certainly, or (conjugationally) accordingly.
every 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
tree 1186
{1186} Prime
δένδρον
dendron
{den'-dron}
Probably from δρύς [[drus]] (an oak); a tree.
which bringeth y4160
[4160] Standard
ποιέω
poieo
{poy-eh'-o}
Apparently a prolonged form of an obsolete primary; to make or do (in a very wide application, more or less direct).
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
not y3361
[3361] Standard
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
forth 4160
{4160} Prime
ποιέω
poieo
{poy-eh'-o}
Apparently a prolonged form of an obsolete primary; to make or do (in a very wide application, more or less direct).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
x3361
(3361) Complement
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
good y2570
[2570] Standard
καλός
kalos
{kal-os'}
Of uncertain affinity; properly beautiful, but chiefly (figuratively) good (literally or morally), that is, valuable or virtuous (for appearance or use, and thus distinguished from G0018, which is properly intrinsic).
fruit 2590
{2590} Prime
καρπός
karpos
{kar-pos'}
Probably from the base of G0726; fruit (as plucked), literally or figuratively.
is hewn down, 1581
{1581} Prime
ἐκκόπτω
ekkopto
{ek-kop'-to}
From G1537 and G2875; to exscind; figuratively to frustrate.
z5743
<5743> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 271
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
cast 906
{0906} Prime
βάλλω
ballo
{bal'-lo}
A primary verb; to throw (in various applications, more or less violent or intense).
z5743
<5743> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 271
into 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
the fire. 4442
{4442} Prime
πῦρ
pur
{poor}
A primary word; 'fire' (literally or figuratively, specifically lightning).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Matthew 3:10

_ _ And now also — And even already.

_ _ the axe is laid unto — “lieth at.”

_ _ the root of the trees — as it were ready to strike: an expressive figure of impending judgment, only to be averted in the way next described.

_ _ therefore every tree which bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn down, and cast into the fire — Language so personal and individual as this can scarcely be understood of any national judgment like the approaching destruction of Jerusalem, with the breaking up of the Jewish polity and the extrusion of the chosen people from their peculiar privileges which followed it; though this would serve as the dark shadow, cast before, of a more terrible retribution to come. The “fire,” which in another verse is called “unquenchable,” can be no other than that future “torment” of the impenitent whose “smoke ascendeth up for ever and ever,” and which by the Judge Himself is styled “everlasting punishment” (Matthew 25:46). What a strength, too, of just indignation is in that word “cast” or “flung into the fire!”

_ _ The third Gospel here adds the following important particulars in Luke 3:10-16.

_ _ Luke 3:10 :
_ _ And the people — the multitudes.
_ _ asked him, saying, What shall we do then? — that is, to show the sincerity of our repentance.
_ _ Luke 3:11 :
_ _ He answereth and saith unto them, He that hath two coats, let him impart to him that hath none; and he that hath meat — provisions, victuals.
_ _ let him do likewise — This is directed against the reigning avarice and selfishness. (Compare the corresponding precepts of the Sermon on the Mount, Matthew 5:40-42).
_ _ Luke 3:12 :
_ _ Then came also the publicans to be baptized, and said unto him, Master — Teacher.
_ _ what shall we do? — In what special way is the genuineness of our repentance to be manifested?
_ _ Luke 3:13 :
_ _ And he said unto them, Exact no more than that which is appointed you — This is directed against that extortion which made the publicans a byword. (See on Matthew 5:46; see on Luke 15:1).
_ _ Luke 3:14 :
_ _ And the soldiers — rather, “And soldiers” — the word means “soldiers on active duty.”
_ _ likewise demanded — asked.
_ _ of him, saying, And what shall we do? And he said unto them, Do violence to no man — Intimidate. The word signifies to “shake thoroughly,” and refers probably to the extorting of money or other property.
_ _ neither accuse any falsely — by acting as informers vexatiously on frivolous or false pretexts.
_ _ and be content with your wages — or “rations.” We may take this, say Webster and Wilkinson, as a warning against mutiny, which the officers attempted to suppress by largesses and donations. And thus the “fruits” which would evidence their repentance were just resistance to the reigning sins — particularly of the class to which the penitent belonged — and the manifestation of an opposite spirit.
_ _ Luke 3:15 :
_ _ And as the people were in expectation — in a state of excitement, looking for something new
_ _ and all men mused in their hearts of John, whether he were the Christ, or not — rather, “whether he himself might be the Christ.” The structure of this clause implies that they could hardly think it, but yet could not help asking themselves whether it might not be; showing both how successful he had been in awakening the expectation of Messiah’s immediate appearing, and the high estimation and even reverence, which his own character commanded.
_ _ Luke 3:16 :
_ _ John answered — either to that deputation from Jerusalem, of which we read in John 1:19, etc., or on some other occasion, to remove impressions derogatory to his blessed Master, which he knew to be taking hold of the popular mind.
_ _ saying unto them all — in solemn protestation.

_ _ (We now return to the first Gospel.)

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 3:7-12.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Matthew 3:10

But the axe also already lieth — That is, there is no room for such idle pretences. Speedy execution is determined against all that do not repent. The comparison seems to be taken from a woodman that has laid down his axe to put off his coat, and then immediately goes to work to cut down the tree. This refers to the wrath to come in Matthew 3:7. Is hewn down — Instantly, without farther delay.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
now:

Malachi 3:1-3 Behold, I will send my messenger, and he shall prepare the way before me: and the Lord, whom ye seek, shall suddenly come to his temple, even the messenger of the covenant, whom ye delight in: behold, he shall come, saith the LORD of hosts. ... And he shall sit [as] a refiner and purifier of silver: and he shall purify the sons of Levi, and purge them as gold and silver, that they may offer unto the LORD an offering in righteousness.
Malachi 4:1 For, behold, the day cometh, that shall burn as an oven; and all the proud, yea, and all that do wickedly, shall be stubble: and the day that cometh shall burn them up, saith the LORD of hosts, that it shall leave them neither root nor branch.
Hebrews 3:1-3 Wherefore, holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling, consider the Apostle and High Priest of our profession, Christ Jesus; ... For this [man] was counted worthy of more glory than Moses, inasmuch as he who hath builded the house hath more honour than the house.
Hebrews 10:28-31 He that despised Moses' law died without mercy under two or three witnesses: ... [It is] a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God.
Hebrews 12:25 See that ye refuse not him that speaketh. For if they escaped not who refused him that spake on earth, much more [shall not] we [escape], if we turn away from him that [speaketh] from heaven:

the ax:

Luke 3:9 And now also the axe is laid unto the root of the trees: every tree therefore which bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn down, and cast into the fire.
Luke 23:31 For if they do these things in a green tree, what shall be done in the dry?

therefore:

Psalms 1:3 And he shall be like a tree planted by the rivers of water, that bringeth forth his fruit in his season; his leaf also shall not wither; and whatsoever he doeth shall prosper.
Psalms 92:13-14 Those that be planted in the house of the LORD shall flourish in the courts of our God. ... They shall still bring forth fruit in old age; they shall be fat and flourishing;
Isaiah 61:3 To appoint unto them that mourn in Zion, to give unto them beauty for ashes, the oil of joy for mourning, the garment of praise for the spirit of heaviness; that they might be called trees of righteousness, the planting of the LORD, that he might be glorified.
Jeremiah 17:8 For he shall be as a tree planted by the waters, and [that] spreadeth out her roots by the river, and shall not see when heat cometh, but her leaf shall be green; and shall not be careful in the year of drought, neither shall cease from yielding fruit.
John 15:2 Every branch in me that beareth not fruit he taketh away: and every [branch] that beareth fruit, he purgeth it, that it may bring forth more fruit.

is hewn:

Matthew 7:19 Every tree that bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn down, and cast into the fire.
Matthew 21:19 And when he saw a fig tree in the way, he came to it, and found nothing thereon, but leaves only, and said unto it, Let no fruit grow on thee henceforward for ever. And presently the fig tree withered away.
Psalms 80:15-16 And the vineyard which thy right hand hath planted, and the branch [that] thou madest strong for thyself. ... [It is] burned with fire, [it is] cut down: they perish at the rebuke of thy countenance.
Isaiah 5:2-7 And he fenced it, and gathered out the stones thereof, and planted it with the choicest vine, and built a tower in the midst of it, and also made a winepress therein: and he looked that it should bring forth grapes, and it brought forth wild grapes. ... For the vineyard of the LORD of hosts [is] the house of Israel, and the men of Judah his pleasant plant: and he looked for judgment, but behold oppression; for righteousness, but behold a cry.
Isaiah 27:11 When the boughs thereof are withered, they shall be broken off: the women come, [and] set them on fire: for it [is] a people of no understanding: therefore he that made them will not have mercy on them, and he that formed them will shew them no favour.
Ezekiel 15:2-7 Son of man, What is the vine tree more than any tree, [or than] a branch which is among the trees of the forest? ... And I will set my face against them; they shall go out from [one] fire, and [another] fire shall devour them; and ye shall know that I [am] the LORD, when I set my face against them.
Luke 13:6-9 He spake also this parable; A certain [man] had a fig tree planted in his vineyard; and he came and sought fruit thereon, and found none. ... And if it bear fruit, [well]: and if not, [then] after that thou shalt cut it down.
John 15:6 If a man abide not in me, he is cast forth as a branch, and is withered; and men gather them, and cast [them] into the fire, and they are burned.
Hebrews 6:8 But that which beareth thorns and briers [is] rejected, and [is] nigh unto cursing; whose end [is] to be burned.
1 Peter 4:17-18 For the time [is come] that judgment must begin at the house of God: and if [it] first [begin] at us, what shall the end [be] of them that obey not the gospel of God? ... And if the righteous scarcely be saved, where shall the ungodly and the sinner appear?
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Ps 1:3; 80:15; 92:13. Is 5:2; 27:11; 61:3. Jr 17:8. Ezk 15:2. Mal 3:1; 4:1. Mt 7:19; 21:19. Lk 3:9; 13:6; 23:31. Jn 15:2, 6. He 3:1; 6:8; 10:28; 12:25. 1P 4:17.

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