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Matthew 27:52 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and the tombs were opened; and many bodies of the saints that had fallen asleep were raised;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the graves were opened; and many bodies of the saints which slept arose,
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The tombs were opened, and many bodies of the saints who had fallen asleep were raised;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the graves were opened, and many bodies of saints who slept, arose,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and the tombs were opened; and many bodies of the saints fallen asleep arose,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— and, the tombs, were opened and, many bodies of the holy ones who had fallen asleep, arose,—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and the tombs were opened, and many bodies of the saints who have fallen asleep, arose,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the graves were opened: and many bodies of the saints that had slept arose,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the graues were opened, and many bodies of Saints which slept, arose,
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And the house of the buried was opened; and the bodies of many of the saints who had been asleep arose,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— and graves were opened; and many bodies of saints who slept, arose,

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
graves 3419
{3419} Prime
μνημεῖον
mnemeion
{mnay-mi'-on}
From G3420; a remembrance, that is, cenotaph (place of interment).
were opened; 455
{0455} Prime
ἀνοίγω
anoigo
{an-oy'-go}
From G0303 and οἴγω [[oigo]] (to open); to open up (literally or figuratively, in various applications).
z5681
<5681> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 602
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
many 4183
{4183} Prime
πολύς
polus
{pol-oos'}
Including the forms from the alternate 'pollos'; (singular) much (in any respect) or (plural) many; neuter (singular) as adverb largely; neuter (plural) as adverb or noun often, mostly, largely.
bodies 4983
{4983} Prime
σῶμα
soma
{so'-mah}
From G4982; the body (as a sound whole), used in a very wide application, literally or figuratively.
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
saints 40
{0040} Prime
ἅγιος
hagios
{hag'-ee-os}
From ἅγος [[hagos]] (an awful thing) compare G0053, [H2282]; sacred (physically pure, morally blameless or religious, ceremonially consecrated).
which y3588
[3588] Standard

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
slept 2837
{2837} Prime
κοιμάω
koimao
{koy-mah'-o}
From G2749; to put to sleep, that is, (passively or reflexively) to slumber; figuratively to decease.
z5772
<5772> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 463
arose, 1453
{1453} Prime
ἐγείρω
egeiro
{eg-i'-ro}
Probably akin to the base of G0058 (through the idea of collecting one's faculties); to waken (transitively or intransitively), that is, rouse (literally from sleep, from sitting or lying, from disease, from death; or figuratively from obscurity, inactivity, ruins, nonexistence).
z5681
<5681> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 602
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Matthew 27:52

_ _ And the graves were opened; and many bodies of the saints which slept arose — These sleeping saints (see on 1 Thessalonians 4:14) were Old Testament believers, who — according to the usual punctuation in our version — were quickened into resurrection life at the moment of their Lord’s death, but lay in their graves till His resurrection, when they came forth. But it is far more natural, as we think, and consonant with other Scriptures, to understand that only the graves were opened, probably by the earthquake, at our Lord’s death, and this only in preparation for the subsequent exit of those who slept in them, when the Spirit of life should enter into them from their risen Lord, and along with Him they should come forth, trophies of His victory over the grave. Thus, in the opening of the graves at the moment of the Redeemer’s expiring, there was a glorious symbolical proclamation that the death which had just taken place had “swallowed up death in victory”; and whereas the saints that slept in them were awakened only by their risen Lord, to accompany Him out of the tomb, it was fitting that “the Prince of Life ... should be the First that should rise from the dead” (Acts 26:23; 1 Corinthians 15:20, 1 Corinthians 15:23; Colossians 1:18; Revelation 1:5).

_ _ and went into the holy city — that city where He, in virtue of whose resurrection they were now alive, had been condemned.

_ _ and appeared unto many — that there might be undeniable evidence of their own resurrection first, and through it of their Lord’s. Thus, while it was not deemed fitting that He Himself should appear again in Jerusalem, save to the disciples, provision was made that the fact of His resurrection should be left in no doubt. It must be observed, however, that the resurrection of these sleeping saints was not like those of the widow of Nain’s son, of Jairus’ daughter, of Lazarus, and of the man who “revived and stood upon his feet,” on his dead body touching the bones of Elisha (2 Kings 13:21) — which were mere temporary recallings of the departed spirit to the mortal body, to be followed by a final departure of it “till the trumpet shall sound.” But this was a resurrection once for all, to life everlasting; and so there is no room to doubt that they went to glory with their Lord, as bright trophies of His victory over death.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 27:50-56.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Matthew 27:52

Some of the tombs were shattered and laid open by the earthquake, and while they continued unclosed (and they must have stood open all the Sabbath, seeing the law would not allow any attempt to close them) many bodies of holy men were raised, (perhaps Simeon, Zacharias, John the Baptist, and others who had believed in Christ, and were known to many in Jerusalem,) And coming out of the tombs after his resurrection, went into the holy city (Jerusalem) and appeared to many — Who had probably known them before: God hereby signifying, that Christ had conquered death, and would raise all his saints in due season.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Matthew 27:52

And the (r) graves were opened; and many bodies of the saints which slept arose,

(r) That is to say, the stones broke apart, and the graves opened themselves to show by this act that death was overcome: and the resurrection of the dead followed the resurrection of Christ, as the next verse indicates (Matthew 27:53).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
many:

Isaiah 25:8 He will swallow up death in victory; and the Lord GOD will wipe away tears from off all faces; and the rebuke of his people shall he take away from off all the earth: for the LORD hath spoken [it].
Isaiah 26:19 Thy dead [men] shall live, [together with] my dead body shall they arise. Awake and sing, ye that dwell in dust: for thy dew [is as] the dew of herbs, and the earth shall cast out the dead.
Hosea 13:14 I will ransom them from the power of the grave; I will redeem them from death: O death, I will be thy plagues; O grave, I will be thy destruction: repentance shall be hid from mine eyes.
John 5:25-29 Verily, verily, I say unto you, The hour is coming, and now is, when the dead shall hear the voice of the Son of God: and they that hear shall live. ... And shall come forth; they that have done good, unto the resurrection of life; and they that have done evil, unto the resurrection of damnation.
1 Corinthians 15:20 But now is Christ risen from the dead, [and] become the firstfruits of them that slept.

slept:

Daniel 12:2 And many of them that sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, and some to shame [and] everlasting contempt.
1 Corinthians 11:30 For this cause many [are] weak and sickly among you, and many sleep.
1 Corinthians 15:51 Behold, I shew you a mystery; We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed,
1 Thessalonians 4:14 For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so them also which sleep in Jesus will God bring with him.
1 Thessalonians 5:10 Who died for us, that, whether we wake or sleep, we should live together with him.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Is 25:8; 26:19. Dn 12:2. Ho 13:14. Jn 5:25. 1Co 11:30; 15:20, 51. 1Th 4:14; 5:10.

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