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Matthew 27:34 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— they gave him wine to drink mingled with gall: and when he had tasted it, he would not drink.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— They gave him vinegar to drink mingled with gall: and when he had tasted [thereof], he would not drink.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— they gave Him wine to drink mixed with gall; and after tasting [it], He was unwilling to drink.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— They gave him vinegar to drink, mingled with gall: and when he had tasted [of it], he would not drink.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— they gave to him to drink vinegar mingled with gall; and having tasted [it], he would not drink.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— they gave him to drink, wine, with gall, mingled, and, tasting, he would not drink.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— they gave him to drink vinegar mixed with gall, and having tasted, he would not drink.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And they gave him wine to drink mingled with gall. And when he had tasted, he would not drink.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— They gaue him vineger to drinke, mingled with gall: and when hee had tasted thereof, hee would not drinke.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And they gave him to drink vinegar mingled with gall: and he tasted, but was not willing to drink.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And they gave him to drink vinegar mixed with gall. And he tasted [it], and would not drink.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
They gave 1325
{1325} Prime
δίδωμι
didomi
{did'-o-mee}
A prolonged form of a primary verb (which is used as an alternate in most of the tenses); to give (used in a very wide application, properly or by implication, literally or figuratively; greatly modified by the connection).
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
him 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
vinegar 3690
{3690} Prime
ὄξος
oxos
{oz'-os}
From G3691; vinegar, that is, sour wine.
to drink 4095
{4095} Prime
πίνω
pino
{pee'-no}
The first is a prolonged form of the second, which (together with the third form) occurs only as an alternate in certain tenses; to imbibe (literally or figuratively).
z5629
<5629> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 454
mingled 3396
{3396} Prime
μίγνυμι
mignumi
{mig'-noo-mee}
A primary verb; to mix.
z5772
<5772> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 463
with 3326
{3326} Prime
μετά
meta
{met-ah'}
A primary preposition (often used adverbially); properly denoting accompaniment; 'amid' (local or causal); modified variously according to the case (genitive case association, or accusative case succession) with which it is joined; occupying an intermediate position between G0575 or G1537 and G1519 or G4314; less intimate than G1722, and less close than G4862).
gall: 5521
{5521} Prime
χολή
chole
{khol-ay'}
Feminine of an equivalent perhaps akin to the same as G5514 (from the greenish hue); 'gall' or bile, that is, (by analogy) poison or an anodyne (wormwood, poppy, etc.).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
when he had tasted 1089
{1089} Prime
γεύομαι
geuomai
{ghyoo'-om-ahee}
A primary verb; to taste; by implication to eat; figuratively to experience (good or ill).
z5666
<5666> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 88
[thereof], he would 2309
{2309} Prime
θέλω
thelo
{thel'-o}
In certain tenses θελέω [[theleo]], {thel-eh'-o}; and ἐθέλέω [[etheleo]], {eth-el-eh'-o}, which are otherwise obsolete; apparently strengthened from the alternate form of G0138; to determine (as an active voice option from subjective impulse; whereas G1014 properly denotes rather a passive voice acquiescence in objective considerations), that is, choose or prefer (literally or figuratively); by implication to wish, that is, be inclined to (sometimes adverbially gladly); impersonally for the future tense, to be about to; by Hebraism to delight in.
z5707
<5707> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 855
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
drink. 4095
{4095} Prime
πίνω
pino
{pee'-no}
The first is a prolonged form of the second, which (together with the third form) occurs only as an alternate in certain tenses; to imbibe (literally or figuratively).
z5629
<5629> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 454
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Matthew 27:34-50

_ _ Matthew 27:34-50. Crucifixion and death of the Lord Jesus. ( = Mark 15:25-37; Luke 23:33-46; John 19:18-30).

_ _ For the exposition, see on John 19:18-30.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 27:33-49.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Matthew 27:34

They gave him vinegar mingled with gall — Out of derision: which, however nauseous, he received and tasted of. St. Mark mentions also a different mixture which was given him, Wine mingled with myrrh: such as it was customary to give to dying criminals, to make them less sensible of their sufferings: but this our Lord refused to taste, determining to bear the full force of his pains.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Matthew 27:34

(7) They gave him vinegar to drink mingled with gall: and when he had tasted [thereof], he would not drink.

(7) Christ found no comfort anywhere, that in him we might be filled with comfort.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
gave:

Matthew 27:48 And straightway one of them ran, and took a spunge, and filled [it] with vinegar, and put [it] on a reed, and gave him to drink.
Psalms 69:21 They gave me also gall for my meat; and in my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.
Mark 15:23 And they gave him to drink wine mingled with myrrh: but he received [it] not.
John 19:28-30 After this, Jesus knowing that all things were now accomplished, that the scripture might be fulfilled, saith, I thirst. ... When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished: and he bowed his head, and gave up the ghost.

vinegar:
Mark says wine mingled with myrrh; but as the sour wine used by the Roman soldiers and common people was termed οινος [Strong's G3631] wine, and οξος [Strong's G3690] vinegar, vin aigre (French), is sour wine; and as chole [Strong's G5521] gall, is applied to bitters of any kind, it is not difficult to reconcile the two accounts.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 69:21. Mt 27:48. Mk 15:23. Jn 19:28.

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User-Posted Comments on Matthew 27:34


in this vers what i have understand is when Jesus have drink that wine ,he will drank and can for get what was happening on on his body.so it shows me how greet his love was for me and to the wold..
- lina (3/3/2013 10:01:42 PM)
I feel it's wrong for Christians to drink. What do u guys think?
- Neseekhah (12/26/2012 11:54:43 AM)
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