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Matthew 27:32 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And as they came out, they found a man of Cyrene, Simon by name: him they compelled to go [with them], that he might bear his cross.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And as they came out, they found a man of Cyrene, Simon by name: him they compelled to bear his cross.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— As they were coming out, they found a man of Cyrene named Simon, whom they pressed into service to bear His cross.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And as they came out, they found a man of Cyrene, Simon by name: him they constrained to bear his cross.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And as they went forth they found a man of Cyrene, Simon by name; him they compelled to go [with them] that he might bear his cross.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, as they were going forth, they found a man of Cyrene, by name, Simon,—the same, they impressed to bear his cross.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And coming forth, they found a man, a Cyrenian, by name Simon: him they impressed that he might bear his cross;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And going out, they found a man of Cyrene, named Simon: him they forced to take up his cross.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And as they came out, they found a man of Cyrene, Simon by name: him they compelled to beare his Crosse.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And when they had gone forth, they found a Kurinean man whose name was Shemun: this (man) they compel to carry his cross.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And as they went out, they found a man of Cyrene whose name was Simon; him they compelled to bear his cross.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
as they came out, 1831
{1831} Prime
ἐξέρχομαι
exerchomai
{ex-er'-khom-ahee}
From G1537 and G2064; to issue (literally or figuratively).
z5740
<5740> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 544
they found 2147
{2147} Prime
εὑρίσκω
heurisko
{hyoo-ris'-ko}
A prolonged form of a primary word εὕρω [[heuro]], {hyoo'-ro}; which (together with another cognate form, εὑρέω [[heureo]], {hyoo-reh'-o}) is used for it in all the tenses except the present and imperfect; to find (literally or figuratively).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
a man 444
{0444} Prime
ἄνθρωπος
anthropos
{anth'-ro-pos}
From G0435 and ὤψ [[ops]] (the countenance; from G3700); manfaced, that is, a human being.
of Cyrene, 2956
{2956} Prime
Κυρηναῖος
Kurenaios
{koo-ray-nah'-yos}
From G2957; a Cyrenaean, that is, inhabitant of Cyrene.
Simon 4613
{4613} Prime
Σίμων
Simon
{see'-mone}
Of Hebrew origin [H8095]; Simon (that is, Shimon), the name of nine Israelites.
by name: 3686
{3686} Prime
ὄνομα
onoma
{on'-om-ah}
From a presumed derivative of the base of G1097 (compare G3685); a 'name' (literally or figuratively), (authority, character).
him 5126
{5126} Prime
τοῦτον
touton
{too'-ton}
Accusative, singular, masculine of G3778; this (person, as object of verb or preposition).
they compelled 29
{0029} Prime
ἀγγαρεύω
aggareuo
{ang-ar-yew'-o}
Of foreign origin (compare [H0104]); properly to be a courier, that is, (by implication) to press into public service.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
to 2443
{2443} Prime
ἵνα
hina
{hin'-ah}
Probably from the same as the former part of G1438 (through the demonstrative idea; compare G3588); in order that (denoting the purpose or the result).
bear 142
{0142} Prime
αἴρω
airo
{ah'-ee-ro}
A primary verb; to lift; by implication to take up or away; figuratively to raise (the voice), keep in suspense (the mind); specifically to sail away (that is, weigh anchor); by Hebraism (compare [H5375]) to expiate sin.
z5661
<5661> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 512
his 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
cross. 4716
{4716} Prime
σταυρός
stauros
{stow-ros'}
From the base of G2476; a stake or post (as set upright), that is, (specifically) a pole or cross (as an instrument of capital punishment); figuratively exposure to death, that is, self denial; by implication the atonement of Christ.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 27:27-33.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 27:26-32.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Matthew 27:32

Him they compelled to bear his cross — He bore it himself, till he sunk under it, John 19:17.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Matthew 27:32

And as they came out, they found a man of Cyrene, Simon by name: him they (m) compelled to bear his cross.

(m) They compelled Simon to bear his burdensome cross, by which it appears that Jesus was so poorly handled before that he fainted along the way, and was not able to bear his cross the whole distance: for John writes that he did bear the cross, that is, at the beginning.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
as:

Leviticus 4:3 If the priest that is anointed do sin according to the sin of the people; then let him bring for his sin, which he hath sinned, a young bullock without blemish unto the LORD for a sin offering.
Leviticus 4:12 Even the whole bullock shall he carry forth without the camp unto a clean place, where the ashes are poured out, and burn him on the wood with fire: where the ashes are poured out shall he be burnt.
Leviticus 4:21 And he shall carry forth the bullock without the camp, and burn him as he burned the first bullock: it [is] a sin offering for the congregation.
Numbers 15:35-36 And the LORD said unto Moses, The man shall be surely put to death: all the congregation shall stone him with stones without the camp. ... And all the congregation brought him without the camp, and stoned him with stones, and he died; as the LORD commanded Moses.
1 Kings 21:10 And set two men, sons of Belial, before him, to bear witness against him, saying, Thou didst blaspheme God and the king. And [then] carry him out, and stone him, that he may die.
1 Kings 21:13 And there came in two men, children of Belial, and sat before him: and the men of Belial witnessed against him, [even] against Naboth, in the presence of the people, saying, Naboth did blaspheme God and the king. Then they carried him forth out of the city, and stoned him with stones, that he died.
Acts 7:58 And cast [him] out of the city, and stoned [him]: and the witnesses laid down their clothes at a young man's feet, whose name was Saul.
Hebrews 13:11-12 For the bodies of those beasts, whose blood is brought into the sanctuary by the high priest for sin, are burned without the camp. ... Wherefore Jesus also, that he might sanctify the people with his own blood, suffered without the gate.

they found:

Matthew 16:24 Then said Jesus unto his disciples, If any [man] will come after me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross, and follow me.
Mark 15:21 And they compel one Simon a Cyrenian, who passed by, coming out of the country, the father of Alexander and Rufus, to bear his cross.
Luke 23:26 And as they led him away, they laid hold upon one Simon, a Cyrenian, coming out of the country, and on him they laid the cross, that he might bear [it] after Jesus.

Cyrene:

Acts 2:10 Phrygia, and Pamphylia, in Egypt, and in the parts of Libya about Cyrene, and strangers of Rome, Jews and proselytes,
Acts 6:9 Then there arose certain of the synagogue, which is called [the synagogue] of the Libertines, and Cyrenians, and Alexandrians, and of them of Cilicia and of Asia, disputing with Stephen.
Acts 11:20 And some of them were men of Cyprus and Cyrene, which, when they were come to Antioch, spake unto the Grecians, preaching the Lord Jesus.
Acts 13:1 Now there were in the church that was at Antioch certain prophets and teachers; as Barnabas, and Simeon that was called Niger, and Lucius of Cyrene, and Manaen, which had been brought up with Herod the tetrarch, and Saul.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Lv 4:3, 12, 21. Nu 15:35. 1K 21:10, 13. Mt 16:24. Mk 15:21. Lk 23:26. Ac 2:10; 6:9; 7:58; 11:20; 13:1. He 13:11.

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