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Matthew 26:37 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And he took with him Peter and the two sons of Zebedee, and began to be sorrowful and sore troubled.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And he took with him Peter and the two sons of Zebedee, and began to be sorrowful and very heavy.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And He took with Him Peter and the two sons of Zebedee, and began to be grieved and distressed.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And he took with him Peter, and the two sons of Zebedee, and began to be sorrowful and very heavy.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And taking with [him] Peter and the two sons of Zebedee, he began to be sorrowful and deeply depressed.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, taking with him, Peter and the two sons of Zebedee, he began to be grieved and to be in great distress.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And having taken Peter, and the two sons of Zebedee, he began to be sorrowful, and to be very heavy;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And taking with him Peter and the two sons of Zebedee, he began to grow sorrowful and to be sad.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And hee tooke with him Peter, and the two sonnes of Zebedee, and beganne to be sorrowful, and very heauie.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And he took Kipha and the two sons of Zabdai; and he began to be sorrowful, and to be vehemently agonized.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And he took Cephas and the two sons of Zebedee, and began to be dejected and sorrowful.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
he took with x3880
(3880) Complement
παραλαμβάνω
paralambano
{par-al-am-ban'-o}
From G3844 and G2983; to receive near, that is, associate with oneself (in any familiar or intimate act or relation); by analogy to assume an office; figuratively to learn.
him y3880
[3880] Standard
παραλαμβάνω
paralambano
{par-al-am-ban'-o}
From G3844 and G2983; to receive near, that is, associate with oneself (in any familiar or intimate act or relation); by analogy to assume an office; figuratively to learn.
z5631
<5631> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 889
Peter 4074
{4074} Prime
Πέτρος
Petros
{pet'-ros}
Apparently a primary word; a (piece of) rock (larger than G3037); as a name, Petrus, an apostle.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
two 1417
{1417} Prime
δύο
duo
{doo'-o}
A primary numeral; 'two'.
sons 5207
{5207} Prime
υἱός
huios
{hwee-os'}
Apparently a primary word; a 'son' (sometimes of animals), used very widely of immediate, remote or figurative kinship.
of Zebedee, 2199
{2199} Prime
Ζεβεδαῖος
Zebedaios
{dzeb-ed-ah'-yos}
Of Hebrew origin (compare [H2067]); Zebedaeus, an Israelite.
and began 756
{0756} Prime
ἄρχομαι
archomai
{ar'-khom-ahee}
Middle voice of G0757 (through the implication of precedence); to commence (in order of time).
z5662
<5662> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 352
to be sorrowful 3076
{3076} Prime
λυπέω
lupeo
{loo-peh'-o}
From G3077; to distress; reflexively or passively to be sad.
z5745
<5745> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 105
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
very heavy. 85
{0085} Prime
ἀδημονέω
ademoneo
{ad-ay-mon-eh'-o}
From a derivative of ἀδέω [[adeo]] (to be sated to loathing); to be in distress (of mind).
z5721
<5721> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 647
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 26:36-46.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 26:36-46.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Matthew 26:37

And taking with him Peter and the two sons of Zebedee — To be witnesses of all; he began to be sorrowful and in deep anguish — Probably from feeling the arrows of the Almighty stick fast in his soul, while God laid on him the iniquities of us all. Who can tell what painful and dreadful sensations were then impressed on him by the immediate hand of God? The former word in the original properly signifies, to be penetrated with the most exquisite sorrow; the latter to be quite depressed, and almost overwhelmed with the load.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Matthew 26:37

And he took with him Peter and the two sons of Zebedee, and began to be sorrowful and (r) very heavy.

(r) The word which he uses signifies great sorrow, and tremendous and deadly grief: this thing, as it indicates man's true nature, which shuns death as a thing that entered in against nature, shows that though Christ was void of sin, yet he sustained this horrible punishment, because he felt the wrath of God kindled against us for sins, which he revenged and punished in his person.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Peter:

Matthew 4:18 And Jesus, walking by the sea of Galilee, saw two brethren, Simon called Peter, and Andrew his brother, casting a net into the sea: for they were fishers.
Matthew 4:21 And going on from thence, he saw other two brethren, James [the son] of Zebedee, and John his brother, in a ship with Zebedee their father, mending their nets; and he called them.
Matthew 17:1 And after six days Jesus taketh Peter, James, and John his brother, and bringeth them up into an high mountain apart,
Matthew 20:20 Then came to him the mother of Zebedee's children with her sons, worshipping [him], and desiring a certain thing of him.
Mark 5:37 And he suffered no man to follow him, save Peter, and James, and John the brother of James.

sorrowful:

Mark 14:33-34 And he taketh with him Peter and James and John, and began to be sore amazed, and to be very heavy; ... And saith unto them, My soul is exceeding sorrowful unto death: tarry ye here, and watch.
Luke 22:44 And being in an agony he prayed more earnestly: and his sweat was as it were great drops of blood falling down to the ground.
John 12:27 Now is my soul troubled; and what shall I say? Father, save me from this hour: but for this cause came I unto this hour.
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Mt 4:18, 21; 17:1; 20:20. Mk 5:37; 14:33. Lk 22:44. Jn 12:27.

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