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Matthew 25:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Now while the bridegroom tarried, they all slumbered and slept.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— While the bridegroom tarried, they all slumbered and slept.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Now while the bridegroom was delaying, they all got drowsy and [began] to sleep.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— While the bridegroom tarried, they all slumbered and slept.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Now the bridegroom tarrying, they all grew heavy and slept.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Now, the bridegroom, delaying, they all became drowsy, and were sleeping.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'And the bridegroom tarrying, they all nodded and were sleeping,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the bridegroom tarrying, they all slumbered and slept.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— While the bridegrome taried, they all slumbred and slept.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— But while the bridegroom withheld, they all dozed and slept.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And while the bridegroom delayed, they all became sleepy and fell asleep.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
While 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
bridegroom y3566
[3566] Standard
νυμφίος
numphios
{noom-fee'-os}
From G3565; a bride groom (literally or figuratively).
x3556
(3556) Complement
νοσσίον
nossion
{nos-see'-on}
Diminutive of G3502; a birdling.
tarried, 5549
{5549} Prime
χρονίζω
chronizo
{khron-id'-zo}
From G5550; to take time, that is, linger.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
they all 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
slumbered 3573
{3573} Prime
νυστάζω
nustazo
{noos-tad'-zo}
From a presumed derivative of G3506; to nod, that is, (by implication) to fall asleep; figuratively to delay.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
slept. 2518
{2518} Prime
καθεύδω
katheudo
{kath-yoo'-do}
From G2596 and εὕδω [[heudo]] (to sleep); to lie down to rest, that is, (by implication) to fall asleep (literally or figuratively).
z5707
<5707> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 855
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Matthew 25:5

_ _ While the bridegroom tarried — So in Matthew 24:48, “My Lord delayeth His coming”; and so Peter says sublimely of the ascended Savior, “Whom the heaven must receive until the times of restitution of all things” (Acts 3:21, and compare Luke 19:11, Luke 19:12). Christ “tarries,” among other reasons, to try the faith and patience of His people.

_ _ they all slumbered and slept — the wise as well as the foolish. The world “slumbered” signifies, simply, “nodded,” or, “became drowsy”; while the world “slept” is the usual word for lying down to sleep, denoting two stages of spiritual declension — first, that half-involuntary lethargy or drowsiness which is apt to steal over one who falls into inactivity; and then a conscious, deliberate yielding to it, after a little vain resistance. Such was the state alike of the wise and the foolish virgins, even till the cry of the Bridegroom’s approach awoke them. So likewise in the parable of the Importunate Widow: “When the Son of man cometh, shall He find faith on the earth?” (Luke 18:8).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 25:1-13.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Matthew 25:5

While the bridegroom delayed — That is, before they were called to attend him, they all slumbered and slept — Were easy and quiet, the wise enjoying a true, the foolish a false peace.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Matthew 25:5

While the bridegroom tarried, they all (b) slumbered and slept.

(b) Their eyes being heavy with sleep.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the:

Matthew 25:19 After a long time the lord of those servants cometh, and reckoneth with them.
Matthew 24:48 But and if that evil servant shall say in his heart, My lord delayeth his coming;
Habakkuk 2:3 For the vision [is] yet for an appointed time, but at the end it shall speak, and not lie: though it tarry, wait for it; because it will surely come, it will not tarry.
Luke 12:45 But and if that servant say in his heart, My lord delayeth his coming; and shall begin to beat the menservants and maidens, and to eat and drink, and to be drunken;
Luke 20:9 Then began he to speak to the people this parable; A certain man planted a vineyard, and let it forth to husbandmen, and went into a far country for a long time.
Hebrews 10:36-37 For ye have need of patience, that, after ye have done the will of God, ye might receive the promise. ... For yet a little while, and he that shall come will come, and will not tarry.
2 Peter 3:4-9 And saying, Where is the promise of his coming? for since the fathers fell asleep, all things continue as [they were] from the beginning of the creation. ... The Lord is not slack concerning his promise, as some men count slackness; but is longsuffering to us-ward, not willing that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance.
Revelation 2:25 But that which ye have [already] hold fast till I come.

they:

Matthew 26:40 And he cometh unto the disciples, and findeth them asleep, and saith unto Peter, What, could ye not watch with me one hour?
Matthew 26:43 And he came and found them asleep again: for their eyes were heavy.
Song of Songs 3:1 By night on my bed I sought him whom my soul loveth: I sought him, but I found him not.
Song of Songs 5:2 I sleep, but my heart waketh: [it is] the voice of my beloved that knocketh, [saying], Open to me, my sister, my love, my dove, my undefiled: for my head is filled with dew, [and] my locks with the drops of the night.
Jonah 1:5-6 Then the mariners were afraid, and cried every man unto his god, and cast forth the wares that [were] in the ship into the sea, to lighten [it] of them. But Jonah was gone down into the sides of the ship; and he lay, and was fast asleep. ... So the shipmaster came to him, and said unto him, What meanest thou, O sleeper? arise, call upon thy God, if so be that God will think upon us, that we perish not.
Mark 14:37-38 And he cometh, and findeth them sleeping, and saith unto Peter, Simon, sleepest thou? couldest not thou watch one hour? ... Watch ye and pray, lest ye enter into temptation. The spirit truly [is] ready, but the flesh [is] weak.
Luke 18:8 I tell you that he will avenge them speedily. Nevertheless when the Son of man cometh, shall he find faith on the earth?
Romans 13:11 And that, knowing the time, that now [it is] high time to awake out of sleep: for now [is] our salvation nearer than when we believed.
Ephesians 5:14 Wherefore he saith, Awake thou that sleepest, and arise from the dead, and Christ shall give thee light.
1 Thessalonians 5:6-8 Therefore let us not sleep, as [do] others; but let us watch and be sober. ... But let us, who are of the day, be sober, putting on the breastplate of faith and love; and for an helmet, the hope of salvation.
1 Peter 5:8 Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about, seeking whom he may devour:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

So 3:1; 5:2. Jna 1:5. Hab 2:3. Mt 24:48; 25:19; 26:40, 43. Mk 14:37. Lk 12:45; 18:8; 20:9. Ro 13:11. Ep 5:14. 1Th 5:6. He 10:36. 1P 5:8. 2P 3:4. Rv 2:25.

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