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Matthew 23:9 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And call no man your father on the earth: for one is your Father, [even] he who is in heaven.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And call no [man] your father upon the earth: for one is your Father, which is in heaven.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Do not call [anyone] on earth your father; for One is your Father, He who is in heaven.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And call no [man] your father upon the earth: for one is your Father who is in heaven.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And call not [any one] your father upon the earth; for one is your Father, he who is in the heavens.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, father, be none of you called, upon the earth, for, one, is your Father, the Heavenly;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and ye may not call [any] your father on the earth, for one is your Father, who is in the heavens,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And call none your father upon earth; for one is your father, who is in heaven.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And call no man your father vpon the earth: for one is your father which is in heauen.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And call no man Aba to you upon earth: for One is your Father, who is in heaven.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And ye shall not call yourselves Father on earth; for one is your Father, who is in heaven.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
call 2564
{2564} Prime
καλέω
kaleo
{kal-eh'-o}
Akin to the base of G2753; to 'call' (properly aloud, but used in a variety of applications, directly or otherwise).
z5661
<5661> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 512
no 3361
{3361} Prime
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
[man] your 5216
{5216} Prime
ὑμῶν
humon
{hoo-mone'}
Genitive case of G5210; of (from or concerning) you.
father 3962
{3962} Prime
πατήρ
pater
{pat-ayr'}
Apparently a primary word; a 'father' (literally or figuratively, near or more remote).
upon 1909
{1909} Prime
ἐπί
epi
{ep-ee'}
A primary preposition properly meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution [with the genitive case], that is, over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
earth: 1093
{1093} Prime
γῆ
ge
{ghay}
Contracted from a primary word; soil; by extension a region, or the solid part or the whole of the terrene globe (including the occupants in each application).
for 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
one 1520
{1520} Prime
εἷς
heis
{hice}
(Including the neuter [etc.] ἕν [[hen]]); a primary numeral; one.
is 2076
{2076} Prime
ἐστί
esti
{es-tee'}
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
your 5216
{5216} Prime
ὑμῶν
humon
{hoo-mone'}
Genitive case of G5210; of (from or concerning) you.
Father, 3962
{3962} Prime
πατήρ
pater
{pat-ayr'}
Apparently a primary word; a 'father' (literally or figuratively, near or more remote).
which 3588
{3588} Prime

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
is in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
heaven. 3772
{3772} Prime
οὐρανός
ouranos
{oo-ran-os'}
Perhaps from the same as G3735 (through the idea of elevation); the sky; by extension heaven (as the abode of God); by implication happiness, power, eternity; specifically the Gospel (Christianity).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Matthew 23:9

_ _ And call no man your father upon the earth: for one is your Father, which is in heaven, etc. — To construe these injunctions into a condemnation of every title by which Church rulers may be distinguished from the flock which they rule, is virtually to condemn that rule itself; and accordingly the same persons do both — but against the whole strain of the New Testament and sound Christian judgment. But when we have guarded ourselves against these extremes, let us see to it that we retain the full spirit of this warning against that itch for ecclesiastical superiority which has been the bane and the scandal of Christ’s ministers in every age. (On the use of the word “Christ” here, see on Matthew 1:1).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 23:1-12.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

See commentary on Matthew 23:8-10.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Matthew 23:9

And call no [man] your (i) father upon the earth: for one is your Father, which is in heaven.

(i) He attacks a custom of the Jews, for they called the rabbis "our fathers".

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
call:

2 Kings 2:12 And Elisha saw [it], and he cried, My father, my father, the chariot of Israel, and the horsemen thereof. And he saw him no more: and he took hold of his own clothes, and rent them in two pieces.
2 Kings 6:21 And the king of Israel said unto Elisha, when he saw them, My father, shall I smite [them]? shall I smite [them]?
2 Kings 13:14 Now Elisha was fallen sick of his sickness whereof he died. And Joash the king of Israel came down unto him, and wept over his face, and said, O my father, my father, the chariot of Israel, and the horsemen thereof.
Job 32:21-22 Let me not, I pray you, accept any man's person, neither let me give flattering titles unto man. ... For I know not to give flattering titles; [in so doing] my maker would soon take me away.
Acts 22:1 Men, brethren, and fathers, hear ye my defence [which I make] now unto you.
1 Corinthians 4:15 For though ye have ten thousand instructors in Christ, yet [have ye] not many fathers: for in Christ Jesus I have begotten you through the gospel.
1 Timothy 5:1-2 Rebuke not an elder, but intreat [him] as a father; [and] the younger men as brethren; ... The elder women as mothers; the younger as sisters, with all purity.
Hebrews 12:9 Furthermore we have had fathers of our flesh which corrected [us], and we gave [them] reverence: shall we not much rather be in subjection unto the Father of spirits, and live?

for:

Matthew 6:8-9 Be not ye therefore like unto them: for your Father knoweth what things ye have need of, before ye ask him. ... After this manner therefore pray ye: Our Father which art in heaven, Hallowed be thy name.
Matthew 6:32 (For after all these things do the Gentiles seek:) for your heavenly Father knoweth that ye have need of all these things.
Malachi 1:6 A son honoureth [his] father, and a servant his master: if then I [be] a father, where [is] mine honour? and if I [be] a master, where [is] my fear? saith the LORD of hosts unto you, O priests, that despise my name. And ye say, Wherein have we despised thy name?
Romans 8:14-17 For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God. ... And if children, then heirs; heirs of God, and joint-heirs with Christ; if so be that we suffer with [him], that we may be also glorified together.
2 Corinthians 6:18 And will be a Father unto you, and ye shall be my sons and daughters, saith the Lord Almighty.
1 John 3:1 Behold, what manner of love the Father hath bestowed upon us, that we should be called the sons of God: therefore the world knoweth us not, because it knew him not.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

2K 2:12; 6:21; 13:14. Jb 32:21. Mal 1:6. Mt 6:8, 32. Ac 22:1. Ro 8:14. 1Co 4:15. 2Co 6:18. 1Ti 5:1. He 12:9. 1Jn 3:1.

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