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Matthew 23:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But all their works they do to be seen of men: for they make broad their phylacteries, and enlarge the borders [of their garments],
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But all their works they do for to be seen of men: they make broad their phylacteries, and enlarge the borders of their garments,
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “But they do all their deeds to be noticed by men; for they broaden their phylacteries and lengthen the tassels [of their garments].
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But all their works they do to be seen by men: they make broad their phylacteries, and enlarge the borders of their garments,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And all their works they do to be seen of men: for they make broad their phylacteries and enlarge the borders [of their garments],
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, all their works, they do, to be gazed at, by men,—for they make broad their amulets, and make large their fringes,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'And all their works they do to be seen by men, and they make broad their phylacteries, and enlarge the fringes of their garments,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And all their works they do for to be seen of men. For they make their phylacteries broad and enlarge their fringes.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But all their workes they doe, for to be seene of men: they make broad their phylacteries, and enlarge the borders of their garments,
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And all their works they do that they may be seen of men; for they widen their tephillin, and lengthen the fringes of their waving vestments,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And all their works they do, to be seen of men: for they make their phylacteries broad, and extend the fringes of their garments.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
all 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
their y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
works 2041
{2041} Prime
ἔργον
ergon
{er'-gon}
From ἔργω [[ergo]] (a primary but obsolete word; to work); toil (as an effort or occupation); by implication an act.
they do 4160
{4160} Prime
ποιέω
poieo
{poy-eh'-o}
Apparently a prolonged form of an obsolete primary; to make or do (in a very wide application, more or less direct).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
for y4314
[4314] Standard
πρός
pros
{pros}
A strengthened form of G4253; a preposition of direction; forward to, that is, toward (with the genitive case the side of, that is, pertaining to; with the dative case by the side of, that is, near to; usually with the accusative case the place, time, occasion, or respect, which is the destination of the relation, that is, whither or for which it is predicated).
to be seen 2300
{2300} Prime
θεάομαι
theaomai
{theh-ah'-om-ahee}
A prolonged form of a primary verb; to look closely at, that is, (by implication) to perceive (literally or figuratively); by extension to visit.
z5683
<5683> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 159
of men: 444
{0444} Prime
ἄνθρωπος
anthropos
{anth'-ro-pos}
From G0435 and ὤψ [[ops]] (the countenance; from G3700); manfaced, that is, a human being.
y1161
[1161] Standard
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
they x1161
(1161) Complement
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
make broad 4115
{4115} Prime
πλατύνω
platuno
{plat-oo'-no}
From G4116; to widen (literally or figuratively).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
their y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
phylacteries, 5440
{5440} Prime
φυλακτήριον
phulakterion
{foo-lak-tay'-ree-on}
Neuter of a derivative of G5442; a guard case, that is, 'phylactery' for wearing slips of Scripture texts.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
enlarge 3170
{3170} Prime
μεγαλύνω
megaluno
{meg-al-oo'-no}
From G3173; to make (or declare) great, that is, increase or (figuratively) extol.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
borders 2899
{2899} Prime
κράσπεδον
kraspedon
{kras'-ped-on}
Of uncertain derivation; a margin, that is, (specifically) a fringe or tassel.
of their y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
garments, 2440
{2440} Prime
ἱμάτιον
himation
{him-at'-ee-on}
Neuter of a presumed derivative of ἕννυμι [[ennumi]] (to put on); a dress (inner or outer).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Matthew 23:5

_ _ But all their works they do for to be seen of men — Whatever good they do, or zeal they show, has but one motive — human applause.

_ _ they make broad their phylacteries — strips of parchment with Scripture-texts on them, worn on the forehead, arm, and side, in time of prayer.

_ _ and enlarge the borders of their garments — fringes of their upper garments (Numbers 15:37-40).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 23:1-12.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Matthew 23:5

Their phylacteries — The Jews, understanding those words literally, It shall he as a token upon thy hand, and as frontlets between thine eyes, Exodus 13:16. And thou shalt bind these words for a sign upon thine hand, and they shall be as frontlets between thine eyes, Deuteronomy 6:8; used to wear little scrolls of paper or parchment, bound on their wrist and foreheads, on which several texts of Scripture were writ. These they supposed, as a kind of charm, would preserve them from danger. And hence they seem to have been called phylacteries, or preservatives. The fringes of their garments — Which God had enjoined them to wear, to remind them of doing all the commandments, Numbers 15:38. These, as well as their phylacteries, the Pharisees affected to wear broader and larger than other men. Mark 12:38.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Matthew 23:5

(3) But all their works they do for to be seen of men: they make broad their (c) phylacteries, and enlarge (d) the borders of their garments,

(3) Hypocrites are ambitious.

(c) It was a thread or ribband of blue silk in the fringe of a corner, the beholding of which made them remember the laws and ordinances of God: and therefore it was called a phylactery, or as you would say, a container. See (Numbers 15:38; Deuteronomy 6:8), a commandment which the Jews abused afterwards, as those do today who hang the gospel of John around their necks, which was condemned many years ago in the Council of Antioch.

(d) Literally, "Twisted tassels of thread which hung at the outermost hems of their garments."

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
all:

Matthew 6:1-16 Take heed that ye do not your alms before men, to be seen of them: otherwise ye have no reward of your Father which is in heaven. ... Moreover when ye fast, be not, as the hypocrites, of a sad countenance: for they disfigure their faces, that they may appear unto men to fast. Verily I say unto you, They have their reward.
2 Kings 10:16 And he said, Come with me, and see my zeal for the LORD. So they made him ride in his chariot.
Luke 16:15 And he said unto them, Ye are they which justify yourselves before men; but God knoweth your hearts: for that which is highly esteemed among men is abomination in the sight of God.
Luke 20:47 Which devour widows' houses, and for a shew make long prayers: the same shall receive greater damnation.
Luke 21:1 And he looked up, and saw the rich men casting their gifts into the treasury.
John 5:44 How can ye believe, which receive honour one of another, and seek not the honour that [cometh] from God only?
John 7:18 He that speaketh of himself seeketh his own glory: but he that seeketh his glory that sent him, the same is true, and no unrighteousness is in him.
John 12:43 For they loved the praise of men more than the praise of God.
Philippians 1:15 Some indeed preach Christ even of envy and strife; and some also of good will:
Philippians 2:3 [Let] nothing [be done] through strife or vainglory; but in lowliness of mind let each esteem other better than themselves.
2 Thessalonians 2:4 Who opposeth and exalteth himself above all that is called God, or that is worshipped; so that he as God sitteth in the temple of God, shewing himself that he is God.

they make:

Deuteronomy 6:8 And thou shalt bind them for a sign upon thine hand, and they shall be as frontlets between thine eyes.
Proverbs 3:3 Let not mercy and truth forsake thee: bind them about thy neck; write them upon the table of thine heart:
Proverbs 6:21-23 Bind them continually upon thine heart, [and] tie them about thy neck. ... For the commandment [is] a lamp; and the law [is] light; and reproofs of instruction [are] the way of life:

the borders:

Matthew 9:20 And, behold, a woman, which was diseased with an issue of blood twelve years, came behind [him], and touched the hem of his garment:
Numbers 15:38-39 Speak unto the children of Israel, and bid them that they make them fringes in the borders of their garments throughout their generations, and that they put upon the fringe of the borders a ribband of blue: ... And it shall be unto you for a fringe, that ye may look upon it, and remember all the commandments of the LORD, and do them; and that ye seek not after your own heart and your own eyes, after which ye use to go a whoring:
Deuteronomy 22:12 Thou shalt make thee fringes upon the four quarters of thy vesture, wherewith thou coverest [thyself].
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Nu 15:38. Dt 6:8; 22:12. 2K 10:16. Pv 3:3; 6:21. Mt 6:1; 9:20. Lk 16:15; 20:47; 21:1. Jn 5:44; 7:18; 12:43. Php 1:15; 2:3. 2Th 2:4.

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