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Matthew 23:33 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Ye serpents, ye offspring of vipers, how shall ye escape the judgment of hell?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— [Ye] serpents, [ye] generation of vipers, how can ye escape the damnation of hell?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “You serpents, you brood of vipers, how will you escape the sentence of hell?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— [Ye] serpents, [ye] generation of vipers, how can ye escape the damnation of hell?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Serpents, offspring of vipers, how should ye escape the judgment of hell?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Serpents! broods of vipers! how should ye flee from the judgment of gehenna?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'Serpents! brood of vipers! how may ye escape from the judgment of the gehenna?
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— You serpents, generation of vipers, how will you flee from the judgment of hell?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Yee serpents, yee generation of vipers, How can yee escape the damnation of hell?
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Serpents, birth of vipers! how will you escape from the judgment of gihana?
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Ye serpents, ye race of vipers: how can ye escape the condemnation of hell?

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
[Ye] serpents, 3789
{3789} Prime
Probably from G3700 (through the idea of sharpness of vision); a snake, figuratively (as a type of sly cunning) an artful malicious person, especially Satan.
[ye] generation 1081
{1081} Prime
From G1080; offspring; by analogy produce (literally or figuratively).
of vipers, 2191
{2191} Prime
Of uncertain origin; an adder or other poisonous snake (literally or figuratively).
how 4459
{4459} Prime
Adverb from the base of G4226; an interrogitive particle of manner; in what way? (sometimes the question is indirect, how?); also as exclamation, how much!.
can ye y5343
[5343] Standard
Apparently a primary verb; to run away (literally or figuratively); by implication to shun; by analogy to vanish.
<5632> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 449
escape 575
{0575} Prime
A primary particle; 'off', that is, away (from something near), in various senses (of place, time, or relation; literally or figuratively).
(5343) Complement
Apparently a primary verb; to run away (literally or figuratively); by implication to shun; by analogy to vanish.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
damnation 2920
{2920} Prime
(Subjectively or objectively, for or against); by extension a tribunal; by implication justice (specifically divine law).
of hell? 1067
{1067} Prime
Of Hebrew origin ([H1516] and [H2011]); valley of (the son of) Hinnom; gehenna (or Ge-Hinnom), a valley of Jerusalem, used (figuratively) as a name for the place (or state) of everlasting punishment.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Matthew 23:33

_ _ Ye serpents, ye generation of vipers, how can ye escape the damnation of hell? — In thus, at the end of His ministry, recalling the words of the Baptist at the outset of his, our Lord would seem to intimate that the only difference between their condemnation now and then was, that now they were ripe for their doom, which they were not then.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 23:13-33.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Matthew 23:33

Ye serpents — Our Lord having now lost all hope of reclaiming these, speaks so as to affright others from the like sins.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Matthew 3:7 But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees come to his baptism, he said unto them, O generation of vipers, who hath warned you to flee from the wrath to come?
Matthew 12:34 O generation of vipers, how can ye, being evil, speak good things? for out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaketh.
Matthew 21:34-35 And when the time of the fruit drew near, he sent his servants to the husbandmen, that they might receive the fruits of it. ... And the husbandmen took his servants, and beat one, and killed another, and stoned another.
Genesis 3:15 And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.
Psalms 58:3-5 The wicked are estranged from the womb: they go astray as soon as they be born, speaking lies. ... Which will not hearken to the voice of charmers, charming never so wisely.
Isaiah 57:3-4 But draw near hither, ye sons of the sorceress, the seed of the adulterer and the whore. ... Against whom do ye sport yourselves? against whom make ye a wide mouth, [and] draw out the tongue? [are] ye not children of transgression, a seed of falsehood,
Luke 3:7 Then said he to the multitude that came forth to be baptized of him, O generation of vipers, who hath warned you to flee from the wrath to come?
John 8:44 Ye are of [your] father the devil, and the lusts of your father ye will do. He was a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own: for he is a liar, and the father of it.
2 Corinthians 11:3 But I fear, lest by any means, as the serpent beguiled Eve through his subtilty, so your minds should be corrupted from the simplicity that is in Christ.
Revelation 12:9 And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world: he was cast out into the earth, and his angels were cast out with him.


Matthew 23:14 Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye devour widows' houses, and for a pretence make long prayer: therefore ye shall receive the greater damnation.
Hebrews 2:3 How shall we escape, if we neglect so great salvation; which at the first began to be spoken by the Lord, and was confirmed unto us by them that heard [him];
Hebrews 10:29 Of how much sorer punishment, suppose ye, shall he be thought worthy, who hath trodden under foot the Son of God, and hath counted the blood of the covenant, wherewith he was sanctified, an unholy thing, and hath done despite unto the Spirit of grace?
Hebrews 12:25 See that ye refuse not him that speaketh. For if they escaped not who refused him that spake on earth, much more [shall not] we [escape], if we turn away from him that [speaketh] from heaven:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 3:15. Ps 58:3. Is 57:3. Mt 3:7; 12:34; 21:34; 23:14. Lk 3:7. Jn 8:44. 2Co 11:3. He 2:3; 10:29; 12:25. Rv 12:9.

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