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Matthew 23:31 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Wherefore ye witness to yourselves, that ye are sons of them that slew the prophets.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Wherefore ye be witnesses unto yourselves, that ye are the children of them which killed the prophets.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “So you testify against yourselves, that you are sons of those who murdered the prophets.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Wherefore ye are witnesses to yourselves, that ye are the children of them who killed the prophets.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— So that ye bear witness of yourselves that ye are sons of those who slew the prophets:
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— So that ye bear witness against yourselves, that ye are, sons, of them who murdered the prophets.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— So that ye testify to yourselves, that ye are sons of them who did murder the prophets;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Wherefore you are witnesses against yourselves, that you are the sons of them that killed the prophets.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Wherefore ye bee witnesses vnto your selues, that yee are the children of them which killed the Prophets.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— thus bearing witness against yourselves, that you are the sons of them who killed the prophets.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Wherefore ye are witnesses, against yourselves, that ye are the children of them that killed the prophets.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Wherefore 5620
{5620} Prime
From G5613 and G5037; so too, that is, thus therefore (in various relations of consecution, as shown).
ye be witnesses 3140
{3140} Prime
From G3144; to be a witness, that is, testify (literally or figuratively).
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
unto yourselves, 1438
{1438} Prime
(Including all the other cases); from a reflexive pronoun otherwise obsolete and the genitive (dative or accusative) of G0846; him (her, it, them, also [in conjunction with the personal pronoun of the other persons] my, thy, our, your) -self (-selves), etc.
that 3754
{3754} Prime
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
ye are 2075
{2075} Prime
Second person plural present indicative of G1510; ye are.
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
the children 5207
{5207} Prime
Apparently a primary word; a 'son' (sometimes of animals), used very widely of immediate, remote or figurative kinship.
of them which killed 5407
{5407} Prime
From G5406; to be a murderer (of).
<5660> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 714
the x3588
(3588) Complement

The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
prophets. 4396
{4396} Prime
From a compound of G4253 and G5346; a foreteller ('prophet'); by analogy an inspired speaker; by extension a poet.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

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Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 23:13-33.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Matthew 23:31

Wherefore ye testify against yourselves — By your smooth words as well as devilish actions: that ye are the genuine sons of them who killed the prophets of their own times, while they professed the utmost veneration for those of past ages.

From Mat. 23:3-30 is exposed every thing that commonly passes in the world for religion, whereby the pretenders to it keep both themselves and others from entering into the kingdom of God; from attaining, or even seeking after those tempers, in which alone true Christianity consists. As, Punctuality in attending on public and private prayer, Matthew 23:4-14. Zeal to make proselytes to our opinion or communion, though they have less of the spirit of religion than before, Matthew 23:15. A superstitious reverence for consecrated places or things, without any for Him to whom they are consecrated, Matthew 23:16-22. A scrupulous exactness in little observances, though with the neglect of justice, mercy, and faith, Matthew 23:23-24. A nice cautiousness to cleanse the outward behaviour, but without any regard to inward purity, Matthew 23:25-26. A specious face of virtue and piety, covering the deepest hypocrisy and villany, Matthew 23:27-28 A professed veneration for all good men, except those among whom they live.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Joshua 24:22 And Joshua said unto the people, Ye [are] witnesses against yourselves that ye have chosen you the LORD, to serve him. And they said, [We are] witnesses.
Job 15:5-6 For thy mouth uttereth thine iniquity, and thou choosest the tongue of the crafty. ... Thine own mouth condemneth thee, and not I: yea, thine own lips testify against thee.
Psalms 64:8 So they shall make their own tongue to fall upon themselves: all that see them shall flee away.
Luke 19:22 And he saith unto him, Out of thine own mouth will I judge thee, [thou] wicked servant. Thou knewest that I was an austere man, taking up that I laid not down, and reaping that I did not sow:


Acts 7:51-52 Ye stiffnecked and uncircumcised in heart and ears, ye do always resist the Holy Ghost: as your fathers [did], so [do] ye. ... Which of the prophets have not your fathers persecuted? and they have slain them which shewed before of the coming of the Just One; of whom ye have been now the betrayers and murderers:
1 Thessalonians 2:15-16 Who both killed the Lord Jesus, and their own prophets, and have persecuted us; and they please not God, and are contrary to all men: ... Forbidding us to speak to the Gentiles that they might be saved, to fill up their sins alway: for the wrath is come upon them to the uttermost.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jsh 24:22. Jb 15:5. Ps 64:8. Lk 19:22. Ac 7:51. 1Th 2:15.

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