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Matthew 23:22 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And he that sweareth by the heaven, sweareth by the throne of God, and by him that sitteth thereon.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And he that shall swear by heaven, sweareth by the throne of God, and by him that sitteth thereon.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “And whoever swears by heaven, swears [both] by the throne of God and by Him who sits upon it.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And he that shall swear by heaven, sweareth by the throne of God, and by him that sitteth upon it.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And he that swears by heaven swears by the throne of God and by him that sits upon it.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, he that hath sworn by heaven, sweareth by the throne of God, and by him who sitteth thereupon.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and he who did swear by the heaven, doth swear by the throne of God, and by Him who is sitting upon it.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And he that sweareth by heaven sweareth by the throne of God and by him that sitteth thereon.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And he that shall sweare by heauen, sweareth by the throne of God, and by him that sitteth thereon.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And whosoever sweareth by heaven, sweareth by the throne of Aloha, and by Him who sitteth thereon.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And he who sweareth by heaven, sweareth by throne of God, and by him that sitteth on it.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
he that shall swear 3660
{3660} Prime
ὀμνύω
omnuo
{om-noo'-o}
A prolonged form of a primary but obsolete word, ὄμω [[omo]], for which another prolonged form (ὀμόω [[omoo]], {om-o'-o}) is used in certain tenses. To swear, that is, take (or declare on) oath.
z5660
<5660> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 714
by 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
heaven, 3772
{3772} Prime
οὐρανός
ouranos
{oo-ran-os'}
Perhaps from the same as G3735 (through the idea of elevation); the sky; by extension heaven (as the abode of God); by implication happiness, power, eternity; specifically the Gospel (Christianity).
sweareth 3660
{3660} Prime
ὀμνύω
omnuo
{om-noo'-o}
A prolonged form of a primary but obsolete word, ὄμω [[omo]], for which another prolonged form (ὀμόω [[omoo]], {om-o'-o}) is used in certain tenses. To swear, that is, take (or declare on) oath.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
by 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
throne 2362
{2362} Prime
θρόνος
thronos
{thron'-os}
From θράω [[thrao]] (to sit); a stately seat ('throne'); by implication power or (concretely) a potentate.
of God, 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
by 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
him that sitteth 2521
{2521} Prime
κάθημαι
kathemai
{kath'-ay-mahee}
From G2596 and ἧμαι [[hemai]] (to sit; akin to the base of G1476); to sit down; figuratively to remain, reside.
z5740
<5740> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 544
thereon. 1883
{1883} Prime
ἐπάνω
epano
{ep-an'-o}
From G1909 and G0507; up above, that is, over or on (of place, amount, rank, etc.).
846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 23:20-22.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 23:13-33.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Matthew 23:22

And he that shall swear by heaven, sweareth by the (s) throne of God, and by him that sitteth thereon.

(s) If heaven is God's throne, than he is without doubt above this entire world.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
by the:

Matthew 5:34 But I say unto you, Swear not at all; neither by heaven; for it is God's throne:
Psalms 11:4 The LORD [is] in his holy temple, the LORD'S throne [is] in heaven: his eyes behold, his eyelids try, the children of men.
Isaiah 66:1 Thus saith the LORD, The heaven [is] my throne, and the earth [is] my footstool: where [is] the house that ye build unto me? and where [is] the place of my rest?
Acts 7:49 Heaven [is] my throne, and earth [is] my footstool: what house will ye build me? saith the Lord: or what [is] the place of my rest?
Revelation 4:2-3 And immediately I was in the spirit: and, behold, a throne was set in heaven, and [one] sat on the throne. ... And he that sat was to look upon like a jasper and a sardine stone: and [there was] a rainbow round about the throne, in sight like unto an emerald.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 11:4. Is 66:1. Mt 5:34. Ac 7:49. Rv 4:2.

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