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Matthew 23:20 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— He therefore that sweareth by the altar, sweareth by it, and by all things thereon.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Whoso therefore shall swear by the altar, sweareth by it, and by all things thereon.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Therefore, whoever swears by the altar, swears [both] by the altar and by everything on it.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Whoever therefore shall swear by the altar, sweareth by it, and by all things upon it.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— He therefore that swears by the altar swears by it and by all things that are upon it.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— He therefore that hath sworn by the altar, sweareth by it, and by all that is upon it;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'He therefore who did swear by the altar, doth swear by it, and by all things on it;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— He therefore that sweareth by the altar sweareth by it and by all things that are upon it.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Who so therefore shall sweare by the Altar, sweareth by it, and by all things thereon.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— He therefore who sweareth by the altar, sweareth by it, and by all things that are upon it.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— He therefore who sweareth by the altar, sweareth by it, and by all that is upon it.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Whoso therefore y3767
[3767] Standard
οὖν
oun
{oon}
Apparently a primary word; (adverbially) certainly, or (conjugationally) accordingly.
shall swear 3660
{3660} Prime
ὀμνύω
omnuo
{om-noo'-o}
A prolonged form of a primary but obsolete word, ὄμω [[omo]], for which another prolonged form (ὀμόω [[omoo]], {om-o'-o}) is used in certain tenses. To swear, that is, take (or declare on) oath.
z5660
<5660> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 714
x3767
(3767) Complement
οὖν
oun
{oon}
Apparently a primary word; (adverbially) certainly, or (conjugationally) accordingly.
by 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
altar, 2379
{2379} Prime
θυσιαστήριον
thusiasterion
{thoo-see-as-tay'-ree-on}
From a derivative of G2378; a place of sacrifice, that is, an altar (specifically or generally, literally or figuratively).
sweareth 3660
{3660} Prime
ὀμνύω
omnuo
{om-noo'-o}
A prolonged form of a primary but obsolete word, ὄμω [[omo]], for which another prolonged form (ὀμόω [[omoo]], {om-o'-o}) is used in certain tenses. To swear, that is, take (or declare on) oath.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
by 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
it, 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
by 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
all things 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
thereon. 1883
{1883} Prime
ἐπάνω
epano
{ep-an'-o}
From G1909 and G0507; up above, that is, over or on (of place, amount, rank, etc.).
846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Matthew 23:20-22

_ _ Whoso therefore shall swear by the altar, etc. — See on Matthew 5:33-37.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 23:13-33.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Matthew 23:20

He that sweareth by the altar, sweareth by it, and by all things thereon — Not only by the gift, but by the holy fire, and the sacrifice; and above all, by that God to whom they belong; inasmuch as every oath by a creature is an implicit appeal to God.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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