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Matthew 23:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— saying, The scribes and the Pharisees sit on Moses seat:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Saying, The scribes and the Pharisees sit in Moses' seat:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— saying: “The scribes and the Pharisees have seated themselves in the chair of Moses;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Saying, The scribes and the Pharisees sit in Moses's seat.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— saying, The scribes and the Pharisees have set themselves down in Moses' seat:
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— saying—Upon Moses' seat, have sat down, the Scribes and the Pharisees:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— saying, 'On the seat of Moses sat down the scribes and the Pharisees;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Saying: The scribes and the Pharisees have sitten on the chair of Moses.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Saying, The Scribes and the Pharises sit in Moses seate:
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— and said to them, Upon the chair of Musha sit the scribes and the Pharishee.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— and said to them: The Scribes and Pharisees sit in the seat of Moses.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Saying, 3004
{3004} Prime
λέγω
lego
{leg'-o}
A primary verb; properly to 'lay' forth, that is, (figuratively) relate (in words [usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue]); by implication to mean.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
The x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
scribes 1122
{1122} Prime
γραμματεύς
grammateus
{gram-mat-yooce'}
From G1121; a writer, that is, (professionally) scribe or secretary.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
Pharisees 5330
{5330} Prime
Φαρισαῖος
Pharisaios
{far-is-ah'-yos}
Of Hebrew origin (compare [H6567]); a separatist, that is, exclusively religious; a Pharisaean, that is, Jewish sectary.
sit 2523
{2523} Prime
καθίζω
kathizo
{kath-id'-zo}
Another (active) form for G2516; to seat down, that is, set (figuratively appoint); intransitively to sit (down); figuratively to settle (hover, dwell).
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
in 1909
{1909} Prime
ἐπί
epi
{ep-ee'}
A primary preposition properly meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution [with the genitive case], that is, over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
Moses' 3475
{3475} Prime
Μωσεῦς
Moseus
{moce-yoos'}
Of Hebrew origin [H4872]; Moseus, Moses or Mouses (that is, Mosheh), the Hebrew lawgiver.
seat: 2515
{2515} Prime
καθέδρα
kathedra
{kath-ed'-rah}
From G2596 and the same as G1476; a bench (literally or figuratively).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Matthew 23:2

_ _ Saying, The scribes and the Pharisees sit — The Jewish teachers stood to read, but sat to expound the Scriptures, as will be seen by comparing Luke 4:16 with Luke 4:20.

_ _ in Moses’ seat — that is, as interpreters of the law given by Moses.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 23:1-12.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Matthew 23:2

The scribes sit in the chair of Moses — That is, read and expound the law of Moses, and are their appointed teachers.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Matthew 23:2

(1) Saying, The scribes and the Pharisees (a) sit in Moses' seat:

(1) We ought to listen to whatever we are truly taught from the word of God, even by wicked teachers, but in a way so that we abstain from their evil behaviour.

(a) Because God appointed the order, the Lord would therefore have his word to be heard even from the mouth of hypocrites and hirelings.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Nehemiah 8:4-8 And Ezra the scribe stood upon a pulpit of wood, which they had made for the purpose; and beside him stood Mattithiah, and Shema, and Anaiah, and Urijah, and Hilkiah, and Maaseiah, on his right hand; and on his left hand, Pedaiah, and Mishael, and Malchiah, and Hashum, and Hashbadana, Zechariah, [and] Meshullam. ... So they read in the book in the law of God distinctly, and gave the sense, and caused [them] to understand the reading.
Malachi 2:7 For the priest's lips should keep knowledge, and they should seek the law at his mouth: for he [is] the messenger of the LORD of hosts.
Mark 12:38 And he said unto them in his doctrine, Beware of the scribes, which love to go in long clothing, and [love] salutations in the marketplaces,
Luke 20:46 Beware of the scribes, which desire to walk in long robes, and love greetings in the markets, and the highest seats in the synagogues, and the chief rooms at feasts;
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ne 8:4. Mal 2:7. Mk 12:38. Lk 20:46.

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