Parallel Bible VersionsGreek Bible Study Tools

Matthew 23:18 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And, Whosoever shall swear by the altar, it is nothing; but whosoever shall swear by the gift that is upon it, he is a debtor.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And, Whosoever shall swear by the altar, it is nothing; but whosoever sweareth by the gift that is upon it, he is guilty.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “And, ‘Whoever swears by the altar, [that] is nothing, but whoever swears by the offering on it, he is obligated.’
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And whoever shall swear by the altar, it is nothing; but whoever sweareth by the gift that is upon it, he is guilty.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And, Whosoever shall swear by the altar, it is nothing; but whosoever shall swear by the gift that is upon it is a debtor.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, whosoever shall swear by the altar, it is, nothing, but, whosoever shall swear by the gift that is upon it, is bound:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'And, whoever may swear by the altar, it is nothing; but whoever may swear by the gift that is upon it—is debtor!
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And whosoever shall swear by the altar, it is nothing; but whosoever shall swear by the gift that is upon it is a debtor.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And whosoeuer shall sweare by the Altar, it is nothing: but whosoeuer sweareth by the gift that is vpon it, he is guiltie.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And (that) whoever sweareth by the altar, it is nothing; but [if] he swear by the oblation which is upon it, he is liable.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And, whoever shall swear by the altar, it is nothing: but whoever shall swear by the oblation upon it, he is holden.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And, 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
Whosoever 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
1437
{1437} Prime
ἐάν
ean
{eh-an'}
From G1487 and G0302; a conditional particle; in case that, provided, etc.; often used in connection with other particles to denote indefiniteness or uncertainty.
shall swear 3660
{3660} Prime
ὀμνύω
omnuo
{om-noo'-o}
A prolonged form of a primary but obsolete word, ὄμω [[omo]], for which another prolonged form (ὀμόω [[omoo]], {om-o'-o}) is used in certain tenses. To swear, that is, take (or declare on) oath.
z5661
<5661> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 512
by 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
altar, 2379
{2379} Prime
θυσιαστήριον
thusiasterion
{thoo-see-as-tay'-ree-on}
From a derivative of G2378; a place of sacrifice, that is, an altar (specifically or generally, literally or figuratively).
it is 2076
{2076} Prime
ἐστί
esti
{es-tee'}
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
nothing; 3762
{3762} Prime
οὐδείς
oudeis
{oo-dice'}
From G3761 and G1520; not even one (man, woman or thing), that is, none, nobody, nothing.
but 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
whosoever 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
302
{0302} Prime
ἄν
an
{an}
A primary particle, denoting a supposition, wish, possibility or uncertainty.
sweareth 3660
{3660} Prime
ὀμνύω
omnuo
{om-noo'-o}
A prolonged form of a primary but obsolete word, ὄμω [[omo]], for which another prolonged form (ὀμόω [[omoo]], {om-o'-o}) is used in certain tenses. To swear, that is, take (or declare on) oath.
z5661
<5661> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 512
by 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
gift 1435
{1435} Prime
δῶρον
doron
{do'-ron}
A present; specifically a sacrifice.
that x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
is upon 1883
{1883} Prime
ἐπάνω
epano
{ep-an'-o}
From G1909 and G0507; up above, that is, over or on (of place, amount, rank, etc.).
it, 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
he is guilty. 3784
{3784} Prime
ὀφείλω
opheilo
{of-i'-lo}
Including its prolonged form (second form) used in certain tenses. Probably from the base of G3786 (through the idea of accruing); to owe (pecuniarily); figuratively to be under obligation (ought, must, should); morally to fail in duty.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

[[no comment]]

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 23:13-33.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
guilty:
or, debtor,
Matthew 23:15 Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye compass sea and land to make one proselyte, and when he is made, ye make him twofold more the child of hell than yourselves.
, or bound
Random Bible VersesNew Quotes



Chain-Reference Bible Search

Mt 23:15.

Newest Chat Bible Comment
Comment HereComplete Biblical ResearchComplete Chat Bible Commentary
Please post your comment on Matthew 23:18.
Name:

WWW Chat Bible Commentary

User-Posted Comments on Matthew 23:18


Recent Chat Bible Comments