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Matthew 23:16 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Woe unto you, ye blind guides, that say, Whosoever shall swear by the temple, it is nothing; but whosoever shall swear by the gold of the temple, he is a debtor.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Woe unto you, [ye] blind guides, which say, Whosoever shall swear by the temple, it is nothing; but whosoever shall swear by the gold of the temple, he is a debtor!
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Woe to you, blind guides, who say, ‘Whoever swears by the temple, [that] is nothing; but whoever swears by the gold of the temple is obligated.’
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Woe to you, [ye] blind guides, who say, Whoever shall swear by the temple, it is nothing; but whoever shall swear by the gold of the temple, he is a debtor.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Woe to you, blind guides, who say, Whosoever shall swear by the temple, it is nothing; but whosoever shall swear by the gold of the temple, he is a debtor.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Alas for you, blind guides! that say—Whosoever shall swear by the Temple, it is, nothing, but, whosoever shall swear by the gold of the Temple, is bound:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'Woe to you, blind guides, who are saying, Whoever may swear by the sanctuary, it is nothing, but whoever may swear by the gold of the sanctuary—is debtor!
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Woe to you, blind guides, that say, Whosoever shall swear by the temple, it is nothing; but he that shall swear by the gold of the temple is a debtor.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Woe vnto you, yee blind guides, which say, Whosoeuer shall sweare by the Temple, it is nothing: but whosoeuer shal sweare by the gold of the Temple, he is a debter.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Woe to you, ye blind guides, who say, That [to him] who sweareth by the temple, it is nothing; but if he swear by the gold which is in the temple, he is liable!
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Woe to you, ye blind guides: for ye say, Whoever shall swear by the temple, it is nothing; but whoever shall swear by the gold that is in the temple, he is holden.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Woe 3759
{3759} Prime
οὐαί
ouai
{oo-ah'-ee}
A primary excamation of grief; 'woe'.
unto you, 5213
{5213} Prime
ὑμῖν
humin
{hoo-min'}
Irregular dative case of G5210; to (with or by) you.
[ye] blind 5185
{5185} Prime
τυφλός
tuphlos
{toof-los'}
From G5187; opaque (as if smoky), that is, (by analogy) blind (physically or mentally).
guides, 3595
{3595} Prime
ὁδηγός
hodegos
{hod-ayg-os'}
From G3598 and G2233; a conductor (literally or figuratively [teacher]).
which y3588
[3588] Standard

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
say, 3004
{3004} Prime
λέγω
lego
{leg'-o}
A primary verb; properly to 'lay' forth, that is, (figuratively) relate (in words [usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue]); by implication to mean.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
Whosoever 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
302
{0302} Prime
ἄν
an
{an}
A primary particle, denoting a supposition, wish, possibility or uncertainty.
shall swear 3660
{3660} Prime
ὀμνύω
omnuo
{om-noo'-o}
A prolonged form of a primary but obsolete word, ὄμω [[omo]], for which another prolonged form (ὀμόω [[omoo]], {om-o'-o}) is used in certain tenses. To swear, that is, take (or declare on) oath.
z5661
<5661> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 512
by 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
temple, 3485
{3485} Prime
ναός
naos
{nah-os'}
From a primary word ναίω [[naio]] (to dwell); a fane, shrine, temple.
it is 2076
{2076} Prime
ἐστί
esti
{es-tee'}
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
nothing; 3762
{3762} Prime
οὐδείς
oudeis
{oo-dice'}
From G3761 and G1520; not even one (man, woman or thing), that is, none, nobody, nothing.
but 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
whosoever 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
302
{0302} Prime
ἄν
an
{an}
A primary particle, denoting a supposition, wish, possibility or uncertainty.
shall swear 3660
{3660} Prime
ὀμνύω
omnuo
{om-noo'-o}
A prolonged form of a primary but obsolete word, ὄμω [[omo]], for which another prolonged form (ὀμόω [[omoo]], {om-o'-o}) is used in certain tenses. To swear, that is, take (or declare on) oath.
z5661
<5661> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 512
by 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
gold 5557
{5557} Prime
χρυσός
chrusos
{khroo-sos'}
Perhaps from the base of G5530 (through the idea of the utility of the metal); gold; by extension a golden article, as an ornament or coin.
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
temple, 3485
{3485} Prime
ναός
naos
{nah-os'}
From a primary word ναίω [[naio]] (to dwell); a fane, shrine, temple.
he is a debtor! 3784
{3784} Prime
ὀφείλω
opheilo
{of-i'-lo}
Including its prolonged form (second form) used in certain tenses. Probably from the base of G3786 (through the idea of accruing); to owe (pecuniarily); figuratively to be under obligation (ought, must, should); morally to fail in duty.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Matthew 23:16

_ _ Woe unto you, ye blind guides — Striking expression this of the ruinous effects of erroneous teaching. Our Lord, here and in some following verses, condemns the subtle distinctions they made as to the sanctity of oaths — distinctions invented only to promote their own avaricious purposes.

_ _ which say, Whosoever shall swear by the temple, it is nothing — He has incurred no debt.

_ _ but whosoever shall swear by the gold of the temple — meaning not the gold that adorned the temple itself, but the Corban, set apart for sacred uses (see on Matthew 15:5).

_ _ he is a debtor! — that is, it is no longer his own, even though the necessities of the parent might require it. We know who the successors of these men are.

_ _ but whosoever sweareth by the gift that is upon it, he is guilty — It should have been rendered, “he is a debtor,” as in Matthew 23:16.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 23:13-33.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Matthew 23:16

Wo to you, ye blind guides — Before he had styled them hypocrites, from their personal character: now he gives them another title, respecting their influence upon others. Both these appellations are severely put together in Matthew 23:23 and Matthew 23:25; and this severity rises to the height in Matthew 23:33. The gold of the temple — The treasure kept there. He is bound — To keep his oath.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Matthew 23:16

Woe unto you, [ye] blind guides, which say, Whosoever shall swear by the temple, it is nothing; but whosoever shall swear by the gold of the temple, he (q) is a debtor!

(q) Is a debtor. In the Syrian language, sins are called "Debts", and it is certain that Christ spoke in Syrian.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
ye blind:

Matthew 23:17 [Ye] fools and blind: for whether is greater, the gold, or the temple that sanctifieth the gold?
Matthew 23:19 [Ye] fools and blind: for whether [is] greater, the gift, or the altar that sanctifieth the gift?
Matthew 23:24 [Ye] blind guides, which strain at a gnat, and swallow a camel.
Matthew 23:26 [Thou] blind Pharisee, cleanse first that [which is] within the cup and platter, that the outside of them may be clean also.
Matthew 15:14 Let them alone: they be blind leaders of the blind. And if the blind lead the blind, both shall fall into the ditch.
Isaiah 56:10-11 His watchmen [are] blind: they are all ignorant, they [are] all dumb dogs, they cannot bark; sleeping, lying down, loving to slumber. ... Yea, [they are] greedy dogs [which] can never have enough, and they [are] shepherds [that] cannot understand: they all look to their own way, every one for his gain, from his quarter.
John 9:39-41 And Jesus said, For judgment I am come into this world, that they which see not might see; and that they which see might be made blind. ... Jesus said unto them, If ye were blind, ye should have no sin: but now ye say, We see; therefore your sin remaineth.

Whosoever shall swear by the temple:

Matthew 5:33-34 Again, ye have heard that it hath been said by them of old time, Thou shalt not forswear thyself, but shalt perform unto the Lord thine oaths: ... But I say unto you, Swear not at all; neither by heaven; for it is God's throne:
James 5:12 But above all things, my brethren, swear not, neither by heaven, neither by the earth, neither by any other oath: but let your yea be yea; and [your] nay, nay; lest ye fall into condemnation.

it is:

Matthew 15:5-6 But ye say, Whosoever shall say to [his] father or [his] mother, [It is] a gift, by whatsoever thou mightest be profited by me; ... And honour not his father or his mother, [he shall be free]. Thus have ye made the commandment of God of none effect by your tradition.
Mark 7:10-13 For Moses said, Honour thy father and thy mother; and, Whoso curseth father or mother, let him die the death: ... Making the word of God of none effect through your tradition, which ye have delivered: and many such like things do ye.

he is:

Galatians 5:3 For I testify again to every man that is circumcised, that he is a debtor to do the whole law.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Is 56:10. Mt 5:33; 15:5, 14; 23:17, 19, 24, 26. Mk 7:10. Jn 9:39. Ga 5:3. Jm 5:12.

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