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Matthew 23:14 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— [Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye devour widows' houses, even while for a pretence ye make long prayers: therefore ye shall receive greater condemnation.]
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye devour widows' houses, and for a pretence make long prayer: therefore ye shall receive the greater damnation.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— [[“Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites, because you devour widows’ houses, and for a pretense you make long prayers; therefore you will receive greater condemnation.]]
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye devour widows' houses, and for a pretense make long prayer: therefore ye shall receive the greater damnation.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— [Absent]
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— [Absent]
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'Woe to you, Scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! because ye eat up the houses of the widows, and for a pretence make long prayers, because of this ye shall receive more abundant judgment.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Woe to you scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites, because you devour the houses of widows, praying long prayers. For this you shall receive the greater judgment.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Woe vnto you Scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites; for yee deuoure widowes houses, and for a pretence make long prayer; therefore ye shall receiue the greater damnation.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Woe to you, scribes and Pharishee, hypocrites! because you hold the kingdom of heaven closed before the children of men; for you will not enter in yourselves, and them who are entering you will not permit to enter.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Woe to you. Scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites: for ye hold the kingdom of heaven closed before men; for ye enter not yourselves, and those that would enter ye suffer not to enter.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
x1161
(1161) Complement
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
Woe 3759
{3759} Prime
οὐαί
ouai
{oo-ah'-ee}
A primary excamation of grief; 'woe'.
unto you, 5213
{5213} Prime
ὑμῖν
humin
{hoo-min'}
Irregular dative case of G5210; to (with or by) you.
scribes 1122
{1122} Prime
γραμματεύς
grammateus
{gram-mat-yooce'}
From G1121; a writer, that is, (professionally) scribe or secretary.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
Pharisees, 5330
{5330} Prime
Φαρισαῖος
Pharisaios
{far-is-ah'-yos}
Of Hebrew origin (compare [H6567]); a separatist, that is, exclusively religious; a Pharisaean, that is, Jewish sectary.
hypocrites! 5273
{5273} Prime
ὑποκριτής
hupokrites
{hoop-ok-ree-tace'}
From G5271; an actor under an assumed character (stage player), that is, (figuratively) a dissembler ('hypocrite').
for 3754
{3754} Prime
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
ye devour 2719
{2719} Prime
κατεσθίω
katesthio
{kat-es-thee'-o}
From G2596 and G2068 (including its alternate); to eat down, that is, devour (literally or figuratively).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
widows' 5503
{5503} Prime
χήρα
chera
{khay'-rah}
Feminine of a presumed derivation apparently from the base of G5490 through the idea of deficiency; a widow (as lacking a husband), literally or figuratively.
houses, 3614
{3614} Prime
οἰκία
oikia
{oy-kee'-ah}
From G3624; properly residence (abstractly), but usually (concretely) an abode (literally or figuratively); by implication a family (especially domestics).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
for a pretence 4392
{4392} Prime
πρόφασις
prophasis
{prof'-as-is}
From a compound of G4253 and G5316; an outward showing, that is, pretext.
make y4336
[4336] Standard
προσεύχομαι
proseuchomai
{pros-yoo'-khom-ahee}
From G4314 and G2172; to pray to God, that is, supplicate, worship.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
long y3117
[3117] Standard
μακρός
makros
{mak-ros'}
From G3372; long (in place [distant] or time [neuter plural]).
prayer: 4336
{4336} Prime
προσεύχομαι
proseuchomai
{pros-yoo'-khom-ahee}
From G4314 and G2172; to pray to God, that is, supplicate, worship.
z5740
<5740> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 544
x3117
(3117) Complement
μακρός
makros
{mak-ros'}
From G3372; long (in place [distant] or time [neuter plural]).
therefore 1223
{1223} Prime
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
5124
{5124} Prime
τοῦτο
touto
{too'-to}
Neuter, singular, nomitive or accusative of G3778; that thing.
ye shall receive 2983
{2983} Prime
λαμβάνω
lambano
{lam-ban'-o}
A prolonged form of a primary verb, which is used only as an alternate in certain tenses; to take (in very many applications, literally and figuratively [probably objective or active, to get hold of; whereas G1209 is rather subjective or passive, to have offered to one; while G0138 is more violent, to seize or remove]).
z5695
<5695> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 271
the greater y4055
[4055] Standard
περισσότερος
perissoteros
{per-is-sot'-er-os}
Comparative of G4053; more superabundant (in number, degree or character).
x4056
(4056) Complement
περισσοτέρως
perissoteros
{per-is-sot-er'-oce}
Adverb from G4055; more superabundantly.
damnation. 2917
{2917} Prime
κρίμα
krima
{kree'-mah}
From G2919; a decision (the function or the effect, for or against ['crime']).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Matthew 23:14

_ _ Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye devour widows’ houses, etc. — Taking advantage of the helpless condition and confiding character of “widows,” they contrived to obtain possession of their property, while by their “long prayers” they made them believe they were raised far above “filthy lucre.” So much “the greater damnation” awaits them. What a lifelike description of the Romish clergy, the true successors of those scribes!

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 23:13-33.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Matthew 23:14

Mark 12:40; Luke 20:47.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Matthew 23:14

(6) Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye devour widows' houses, and (o) for a pretence make long prayer: therefore ye shall receive the greater damnation.

(6) It is a common thing among hypocrites to abuse the pretence of zeal when in reality they are exercising covetousness and extortion.

(o) Literally, "under a colour of long praying"; and the word "and" signifies a double wickedness in them: the one, that they devoured widows goods: the other that they did it under a pretence of godliness.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
for ye:
Josephus says that this sect pretended to a more exact knowledge of the law, on which account the women were subject to them, as pretending to be dear to God.
Exodus 22:22-24 Ye shall not afflict any widow, or fatherless child. ... And my wrath shall wax hot, and I will kill you with the sword; and your wives shall be widows, and your children fatherless.
Job 22:9 Thou hast sent widows away empty, and the arms of the fatherless have been broken.
Job 31:16-20 If I have withheld the poor from [their] desire, or have caused the eyes of the widow to fail; ... If his loins have not blessed me, and [if] he were [not] warmed with the fleece of my sheep;
Mark 12:40 Which devour widows' houses, and for a pretence make long prayers: these shall receive greater damnation.
Luke 20:47 Which devour widows' houses, and for a shew make long prayers: the same shall receive greater damnation.
2 Timothy 3:6 For of this sort are they which creep into houses, and lead captive silly women laden with sins, led away with divers lusts,
Titus 1:10-11 For there are many unruly and vain talkers and deceivers, specially they of the circumcision: ... Whose mouths must be stopped, who subvert whole houses, teaching things which they ought not, for filthy lucre's sake.
2 Peter 2:14-15 Having eyes full of adultery, and that cannot cease from sin; beguiling unstable souls: an heart they have exercised with covetous practices; cursed children: ... Which have forsaken the right way, and are gone astray, following the way of Balaam [the son] of Bosor, who loved the wages of unrighteousness;

long:
That these were long we learn from Bab. Berachoth, where we are told that the very religious prayed nine hours a day.

therefore:

Matthew 23:33-36 [Ye] serpents, [ye] generation of vipers, how can ye escape the damnation of hell? ... Verily I say unto you, All these things shall come upon this generation.
Matthew 11:24 But I say unto you, That it shall be more tolerable for the land of Sodom in the day of judgment, than for thee.
Luke 12:48 But he that knew not, and did commit things worthy of stripes, shall be beaten with few [stripes]. For unto whomsoever much is given, of him shall be much required: and to whom men have committed much, of him they will ask the more.
James 3:1 My brethren, be not many masters, knowing that we shall receive the greater condemnation.
2 Peter 2:3 And through covetousness shall they with feigned words make merchandise of you: whose judgment now of a long time lingereth not, and their damnation slumbereth not.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 22:22. Jb 22:9; 31:16. Mt 11:24; 23:33. Mk 12:40. Lk 12:48; 20:47. 2Ti 3:6. Tit 1:10. Jm 3:1. 2P 2:3, 14.

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