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Matthew 22:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and sent forth his servants to call them that were bidden to the marriage feast: and they would not come.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And sent forth his servants to call them that were bidden to the wedding: and they would not come.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “And he sent out his slaves to call those who had been invited to the wedding feast, and they were unwilling to come.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And sent his servants to call them that were invited to the wedding: and they would not come.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and sent his bondmen to call the persons invited to the wedding feast, and they would not come.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And sent his servants, to call the invited into the marriage-feast,—and they would not come.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and he sent forth his servants to call those having been called to the marriage-feasts, and they were not willing to come.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And he sent his servants to call them that were invited to the marriage: and they would not come.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And sent forth his seruants to call them that were bidden to the wedding, and they would not come.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— and he sent his servants to call the invited ones to the feast, but they were not willing to come.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And he sent his servants to call those that had been invited, to the feast: and they would not come.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
sent forth 649
{0649} Prime
ἀποστέλλω
apostello
{ap-os-tel'-lo}
From G0575 and G4724; set apart, that is, (by implication) to send out (properly on a mission) literally or figuratively.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
his y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
servants 1401
{1401} Prime
δοῦλος
doulos
{doo'-los}
From G1210; a slave (literally or figuratively, involuntarily or voluntarily; frequently therefore in a qualified sense of subjection or subserviency).
to call 2564
{2564} Prime
καλέω
kaleo
{kal-eh'-o}
Akin to the base of G2753; to 'call' (properly aloud, but used in a variety of applications, directly or otherwise).
z5658
<5658> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 516
them that were bidden 2564
{2564} Prime
καλέω
kaleo
{kal-eh'-o}
Akin to the base of G2753; to 'call' (properly aloud, but used in a variety of applications, directly or otherwise).
z5772
<5772> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 463
to 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
wedding: 1062
{1062} Prime
γάμος
gamos
{gam'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; nuptials.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
they would 2309
{2309} Prime
θέλω
thelo
{thel'-o}
In certain tenses θελέω [[theleo]], {thel-eh'-o}; and ἐθέλέω [[etheleo]], {eth-el-eh'-o}, which are otherwise obsolete; apparently strengthened from the alternate form of G0138; to determine (as an active voice option from subjective impulse; whereas G1014 properly denotes rather a passive voice acquiescence in objective considerations), that is, choose or prefer (literally or figuratively); by implication to wish, that is, be inclined to (sometimes adverbially gladly); impersonally for the future tense, to be about to; by Hebraism to delight in.
z5707
<5707> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 855
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
come. 2064
{2064} Prime
ἔρχομαι
erchomai
{er'-khom-ahee}
Middle voice of a primary verb (used only in the present and imperfect tenses, the others being supplied by a kindred [middle voice] word, ἐλεύθομαι [[eleuthomai]], {el-yoo'-thom-ahee}; or [active] ἔλθω [[eltho]], {el'-tho}; which do not otherwise occur); to come or go (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
z5629
<5629> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 454
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Matthew 22:3

_ _ and sent forth his servants — representing all preachers of the Gospel.

_ _ to call them that were bidden — here meaning the Jews, who were “bidden,” from the first choice of them onwards through every summons addressed to them by the prophets to hold themselves in readiness for the appearing of their King.

_ _ to the wedding — or the marriage festivities, when the preparations were all concluded.

_ _ and they would not come — as the issue of the whole ministry of the Baptist, our Lord Himself, and His apostles thereafter, too sadly showed.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 22:1-14.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Matthew 22:3

Them that were invited — Namely, the Jews.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
sent:

Matthew 3:2 And saying, Repent ye: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.
Matthew 10:6-7 But go rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel. ... And as ye go, preach, saying, The kingdom of heaven is at hand.
Psalms 68:11 The Lord gave the word: great [was] the company of those that published [it].
Proverbs 9:1-3 Wisdom hath builded her house, she hath hewn out her seven pillars: ... She hath sent forth her maidens: she crieth upon the highest places of the city,
Isaiah 55:1-2 Ho, every one that thirsteth, come ye to the waters, and he that hath no money; come ye, buy, and eat; yea, come, buy wine and milk without money and without price. ... Wherefore do ye spend money for [that which is] not bread? and your labour for [that which] satisfieth not? hearken diligently unto me, and eat ye [that which is] good, and let your soul delight itself in fatness.
Jeremiah 25:4 And the LORD hath sent unto you all his servants the prophets, rising early and sending [them]; but ye have not hearkened, nor inclined your ear to hear.
Jeremiah 35:15 I have sent also unto you all my servants the prophets, rising up early and sending [them], saying, Return ye now every man from his evil way, and amend your doings, and go not after other gods to serve them, and ye shall dwell in the land which I have given to you and to your fathers: but ye have not inclined your ear, nor hearkened unto me.
Mark 6:7-11 And he called [unto him] the twelve, and began to send them forth by two and two; and gave them power over unclean spirits; ... And whosoever shall not receive you, nor hear you, when ye depart thence, shake off the dust under your feet for a testimony against them. Verily I say unto you, It shall be more tolerable for Sodom and Gomorrha in the day of judgment, than for that city.
Luke 9:1-6 Then he called his twelve disciples together, and gave them power and authority over all devils, and to cure diseases. ... And they departed, and went through the towns, preaching the gospel, and healing every where.
Luke 14:15-17 And when one of them that sat at meat with him heard these things, he said unto him, Blessed [is] he that shall eat bread in the kingdom of God. ... And sent his servant at supper time to say to them that were bidden, Come; for all things are now ready.
Revelation 22:17 And the Spirit and the bride say, Come. And let him that heareth say, Come. And let him that is athirst come. And whosoever will, let him take the water of life freely.

that:

1 Samuel 9:13 As soon as ye be come into the city, ye shall straightway find him, before he go up to the high place to eat: for the people will not eat until he come, because he doth bless the sacrifice; [and] afterwards they eat that be bidden. Now therefore get you up; for about this time ye shall find him.
Zephaniah 1:7 Hold thy peace at the presence of the Lord GOD: for the day of the LORD [is] at hand: for the LORD hath prepared a sacrifice, he hath bid his guests.

and they would not:

Matthew 23:37 O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, [thou] that killest the prophets, and stonest them which are sent unto thee, how often would I have gathered thy children together, even as a hen gathereth her chickens under [her] wings, and ye would not!
Psalms 81:10-12 I [am] the LORD thy God, which brought thee out of the land of Egypt: open thy mouth wide, and I will fill it. ... So I gave them up unto their own hearts' lust: [and] they walked in their own counsels.
Proverbs 1:24-32 Because I have called, and ye refused; I have stretched out my hand, and no man regarded; ... For the turning away of the simple shall slay them, and the prosperity of fools shall destroy them.
Isaiah 30:15 For thus saith the Lord GOD, the Holy One of Israel; In returning and rest shall ye be saved; in quietness and in confidence shall be your strength: and ye would not.
Jeremiah 6:16-17 Thus saith the LORD, Stand ye in the ways, and see, and ask for the old paths, where [is] the good way, and walk therein, and ye shall find rest for your souls. But they said, We will not walk [therein]. ... Also I set watchmen over you, [saying], Hearken to the sound of the trumpet. But they said, We will not hearken.
Hosea 11:2 [As] they called them, so they went from them: they sacrificed unto Baalim, and burned incense to graven images.
Hosea 11:7 And my people are bent to backsliding from me: though they called them to the most High, none at all would exalt [him].
Luke 13:34 O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, which killest the prophets, and stonest them that are sent unto thee; how often would I have gathered thy children together, as a hen [doth gather] her brood under [her] wings, and ye would not!
Luke 15:28 And he was angry, and would not go in: therefore came his father out, and intreated him.
Luke 19:27 But those mine enemies, which would not that I should reign over them, bring hither, and slay [them] before me.
John 5:40 And ye will not come to me, that ye might have life.
Acts 13:45 But when the Jews saw the multitudes, they were filled with envy, and spake against those things which were spoken by Paul, contradicting and blaspheming.
Romans 10:21 But to Israel he saith, All day long I have stretched forth my hands unto a disobedient and gainsaying people.
Hebrews 12:25 See that ye refuse not him that speaketh. For if they escaped not who refused him that spake on earth, much more [shall not] we [escape], if we turn away from him that [speaketh] from heaven:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1S 9:13. Ps 68:11; 81:10. Pv 1:24; 9:1. Is 30:15; 55:1. Jr 6:16; 25:4; 35:15. Ho 11:2, 7. Zp 1:7. Mt 3:2; 10:6; 23:37. Mk 6:7. Lk 9:1; 13:34; 14:15; 15:28; 19:27. Jn 5:40. Ac 13:45. Ro 10:21. He 12:25. Rv 22:17.

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