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Matthew 22:11 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But when the king came in to behold the guests, he saw there a man who had not on a wedding-garment:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And when the king came in to see the guests, he saw there a man which had not on a wedding garment:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “But when the king came in to look over the dinner guests, he saw a man there who was not dressed in wedding clothes,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And when the king came in to see the guests, he saw there a man who had not a wedding-garment:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the king, having gone in to see the guests, beheld there a man not clothed with a wedding garment.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But the king, entering to view the guests, saw there a man, who had not put on a wedding-garment,—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'And the king having come in to view those reclining, saw there a man not clothed with clothing of the marriage-feast,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the king went in to see the guests: and he saw there a man who had not on a wedding garment.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And when the King came in to see the guests, hee sawe there a man, which had not on a wedding garment,
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And the king entered to see the guests, and he saw there a man who was not dressed in the garments of a festival.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And the king went in to see the guests: and he saw there a man who was not clad in the festal garments.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
when y1525
[1525] Standard
εἰσέρχομαι
eiserchomai
{ice-er'-khom-ahee}
From G1519 and G2064; to enter (literally or figuratively).
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
king 935
{0935} Prime
βασιλεύς
basileus
{bas-il-yooce'}
Probably from G0939 (through the notion of a foundation of power); a sovereign (abstractly, relatively or figuratively).
came in 1525
{1525} Prime
εἰσέρχομαι
eiserchomai
{ice-er'-khom-ahee}
From G1519 and G2064; to enter (literally or figuratively).
z5631
<5631> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 889
to see 2300
{2300} Prime
θεάομαι
theaomai
{theh-ah'-om-ahee}
A prolonged form of a primary verb; to look closely at, that is, (by implication) to perceive (literally or figuratively); by extension to visit.
z5664
<5664> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 37
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
guests, 345
{0345} Prime
ἀνάκειμαι
anakeimai
{an-ak-i'-mahee}
From G0303 and G2749; to recline (as a corpse or at a meal).
z5740
<5740> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 544
he saw 1492
{1492} Prime
εἰδῶ
eido
{i-do'}
A primary verb; used only in certain past tenses, the others being borrowed from the equivalent, G3700 and G3708; properly to see (literally or figuratively); by implication (in the perfect only) to know.
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
there 1563
{1563} Prime
ἐκεῖ
ekei
{ek-i'}
Of uncertain affinity; there; by extension thither.
a man 444
{0444} Prime
ἄνθρωπος
anthropos
{anth'-ro-pos}
From G0435 and ὤψ [[ops]] (the countenance; from G3700); manfaced, that is, a human being.
which had y1746
[1746] Standard
ἐνδύω
enduo
{en-doo'-o}
From G1722 and G1416 (in the senese of sinking into a garment); to invest with clothing (literally or figuratively).
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
not y3756
[3756] Standard
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
on 1746
{1746} Prime
ἐνδύω
enduo
{en-doo'-o}
From G1722 and G1416 (in the senese of sinking into a garment); to invest with clothing (literally or figuratively).
z5765
<5765> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Middle (See G5785)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 5
x3756
(3756) Complement
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
a wedding 1062
{1062} Prime
γάμος
gamos
{gam'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; nuptials.
garment: 1742
{1742} Prime
ἔνδυμα
enduma
{en'-doo-mah}
From G1746; apparel (especially the outer robe).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Matthew 22:11

_ _ And when the king came in to see the guests — Solemn expression this, of that omniscient inspection of every professed disciple of the Lord Jesus from age to age, in virtue of which his true character will hereafter be judicially proclaimed!

_ _ he saw there a man — This shows that it is the judgment of individuals which is intended in this latter part of the parable: the first part represents rather national judgment.

_ _ which had not on a wedding garment — The language here is drawn from the following remarkable passage in Zephaniah 1:7, Zephaniah 1:8 : — “Hold thy peace at the presence of the Lord God; for the day of the Lord is at hand: for the Lord hath prepared a sacrifice, He hath bid His guests. And it shall come to pass in the day of the Lord’s sacrifice, that I will punish the princes, and the king’s children, and all such as are clothed with strange apparel.” The custom in the East of presenting festival garments (see Genesis 45:22; 2 Kings 5:22), even though nor clearly proved, Is certainly presupposed here. It undoubtedly means something which they bring not of their own — for how could they have any such dress who were gathered in from the highways indiscriminately? — but which they receive as their appropriate dress. And what can that be but what is meant by “putting on the Lord Jesus,” as “THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS?” (See Psalms 45:13, Psalms 45:14). Nor could such language be strange to those in whose ears had so long resounded those words of prophetic joy: “I will greatly rejoice in the Lord, my soul shall be joyful in my God; for He hath clothed me with the garments of salvation, He hath covered me with the robe of righteousness, as a bridegroom decketh himself with ornaments, and as a bride adorneth herself with her jewels” (Isaiah 61:10).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 22:1-14.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Matthew 22:11

The guest — The members of the visible Church.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Matthew 22:11

(4) And when the king came in to see the guests, he saw there a man which had not on a wedding garment:

(4) In the small number which come at the calling, there are some castaways who do not confirm their faith with newness of life.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
when:

Matthew 3:12 Whose fan [is] in his hand, and he will throughly purge his floor, and gather his wheat into the garner; but he will burn up the chaff with unquenchable fire.
Matthew 13:30 Let both grow together until the harvest: and in the time of harvest I will say to the reapers, Gather ye together first the tares, and bind them in bundles to burn them: but gather the wheat into my barn.
Matthew 25:31-32 When the Son of man shall come in his glory, and all the holy angels with him, then shall he sit upon the throne of his glory: ... And before him shall be gathered all nations: and he shall separate them one from another, as a shepherd divideth [his] sheep from the goats:
Zephaniah 1:12 And it shall come to pass at that time, [that] I will search Jerusalem with candles, and punish the men that are settled on their lees: that say in their heart, The LORD will not do good, neither will he do evil.
1 Corinthians 4:5 Therefore judge nothing before the time, until the Lord come, who both will bring to light the hidden things of darkness, and will make manifest the counsels of the hearts: and then shall every man have praise of God.
Hebrews 4:12-13 For the word of God [is] quick, and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and [is] a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart. ... Neither is there any creature that is not manifest in his sight: but all things [are] naked and opened unto the eyes of him with whom we have to do.
Revelation 2:23 And I will kill her children with death; and all the churches shall know that I am he which searcheth the reins and hearts: and I will give unto every one of you according to your works.

which:

2 Kings 10:22 And he said unto him that [was] over the vestry, Bring forth vestments for all the worshippers of Baal. And he brought them forth vestments.
Psalms 45:13-14 The king's daughter [is] all glorious within: her clothing [is] of wrought gold. ... She shall be brought unto the king in raiment of needlework: the virgins her companions that follow her shall be brought unto thee.
Isaiah 52:1 Awake, awake; put on thy strength, O Zion; put on thy beautiful garments, O Jerusalem, the holy city: for henceforth there shall no more come into thee the uncircumcised and the unclean.
Isaiah 61:3-10 To appoint unto them that mourn in Zion, to give unto them beauty for ashes, the oil of joy for mourning, the garment of praise for the spirit of heaviness; that they might be called trees of righteousness, the planting of the LORD, that he might be glorified. ... I will greatly rejoice in the LORD, my soul shall be joyful in my God; for he hath clothed me with the garments of salvation, he hath covered me with the robe of righteousness, as a bridegroom decketh [himself] with ornaments, and as a bride adorneth [herself] with her jewels.
Isaiah 64:6 But we are all as an unclean [thing], and all our righteousnesses [are] as filthy rags; and we all do fade as a leaf; and our iniquities, like the wind, have taken us away.
Zechariah 3:3-4 Now Joshua was clothed with filthy garments, and stood before the angel. ... And he answered and spake unto those that stood before him, saying, Take away the filthy garments from him. And unto him he said, Behold, I have caused thine iniquity to pass from thee, and I will clothe thee with change of raiment.
Lamentations 5:22 But thou hast utterly rejected us; thou art very wroth against us.
Romans 3:22 Even the righteousness of God [which is] by faith of Jesus Christ unto all and upon all them that believe: for there is no difference:
Romans 13:14 But put ye on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make not provision for the flesh, to [fulfil] the lusts [thereof].
Galatians 3:27 For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ.
2 Corinthians 5:3 If so be that being clothed we shall not be found naked.
Ephesians 4:24 And that ye put on the new man, which after God is created in righteousness and true holiness.
Colossians 3:10-11 And have put on the new [man], which is renewed in knowledge after the image of him that created him: ... Where there is neither Greek nor Jew, circumcision nor uncircumcision, Barbarian, Scythian, bond [nor] free: but Christ [is] all, and in all.
Revelation 3:4-5 Thou hast a few names even in Sardis which have not defiled their garments; and they shall walk with me in white: for they are worthy. ... He that overcometh, the same shall be clothed in white raiment; and I will not blot out his name out of the book of life, but I will confess his name before my Father, and before his angels.
Revelation 3:18 I counsel thee to buy of me gold tried in the fire, that thou mayest be rich; and white raiment, that thou mayest be clothed, and [that] the shame of thy nakedness do not appear; and anoint thine eyes with eyesalve, that thou mayest see.
Revelation 16:15 Behold, I come as a thief. Blessed [is] he that watcheth, and keepeth his garments, lest he walk naked, and they see his shame.
Revelation 19:8 And to her was granted that she should be arrayed in fine linen, clean and white: for the fine linen is the righteousness of saints.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

2K 10:22. Ps 45:13. Is 52:1; 61:3; 64:6. Lm 5:22. Zp 1:12. Zc 3:3. Mt 3:12; 13:30; 25:31. Ro 3:22; 13:14. 1Co 4:5. 2Co 5:3. Ga 3:27. Ep 4:24. Col 3:10. He 4:12. Rv 2:23; 3:4, 18; 16:15; 19:8.

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