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Matthew 21:45 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And when the chief priests and the Pharisees heard his parables, they perceived that he spake of them.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And when the chief priests and Pharisees had heard his parables, they perceived that he spake of them.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— When the chief priests and the Pharisees heard His parables, they understood that He was speaking about them.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And when the chief priests and Pharisees had heard his parables, they perceived that he spoke of them.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the chief priests and the Pharisees, having heard his parables, knew that he spoke about them.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And the Chief-priests and the Pharisees, hearing his parables, took note, that, concerning them, he was speaking.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And the chief priests and the Pharisees having heard his similes, knew that of them he speaketh,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And when the chief priests and Pharisees had heard his parables, they knew that he spoke of them.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And when the chiefe Priests and Pharisees had heard his parables, they perceiued that he spake of them.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And when the chief priests and Pharishee heard his comparisons, they knew that concerning themselves he had spoken.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And when the chief priests and Pharisees had heard his similitudes, they understood that he spoke in reference to them.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
when the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
chief priests 749
{0749} Prime
ἀρχιερεύς
archiereus
{ar-khee-er-yuce'}
From G0746 and G2409; the high priest (literally of the Jews, typically Christ); by extension a chief priest.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
Pharisees 5330
{5330} Prime
Φαρισαῖος
Pharisaios
{far-is-ah'-yos}
Of Hebrew origin (compare [H6567]); a separatist, that is, exclusively religious; a Pharisaean, that is, Jewish sectary.
had heard 191
{0191} Prime
ἀκούω
akouo
{ak-oo'-o}
A primary verb; to hear (in various senses).
z5660
<5660> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 714
his 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
parables, 3850
{3850} Prime
παραβολή
parabole
{par-ab-ol-ay'}
From G3846; a similitude ('parable'), that is, (symbolically) fictitious narrative (of common life conveying a moral), apoth gm or adage.
they perceived 1097
{1097} Prime
γινώσκω
ginosko
{ghin-oce'-ko}
A prolonged form of a primary verb; to 'know' (absolutely), in a great variety of applications and with many implications (as shown at left, with others not thus clearly expressed).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
that 3754
{3754} Prime
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
he spake 3004
{3004} Prime
λέγω
lego
{leg'-o}
A primary verb; properly to 'lay' forth, that is, (figuratively) relate (in words [usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue]); by implication to mean.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
of 4012
{4012} Prime
περί
peri
{per-ee'}
From the base of G4008; properly through (all over), that is, around; figuratively with respect to; used in various applications, of place, cause or time (with the genitive case denoting the subject or occasion or superlative point; with the accusative case the locality, circuit, matter, circumstance or general period).
them. 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Matthew 21:45

_ _ And when the chief priests and Pharisees had heard his parables — referring to that of the Two Sons and this one of the Wicked Husbandmen.

_ _ they perceived that he spake of them.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 21:33-46.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
they:

Matthew 12:12 How much then is a man better than a sheep? Wherefore it is lawful to do well on the sabbath days.
Luke 11:45 Then answered one of the lawyers, and said unto him, Master, thus saying thou reproachest us also.
Luke 20:19 And the chief priests and the scribes the same hour sought to lay hands on him; and they feared the people: for they perceived that he had spoken this parable against them.
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Mt 12:12. Lk 11:45; 20:19.

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