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Matthew 21:44 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And he that falleth on this stone shall be broken to pieces: but on whomsoever it shall fall, it will scatter him as dust.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And whosoever shall fall on this stone shall be broken: but on whomsoever it shall fall, it will grind him to powder.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “And he who falls on this stone will be broken to pieces; but on whomever it falls, it will scatter him like dust.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And whoever shall fall on this stone, shall be broken: but on whomsoever it shall fall, it will grind him to powder.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And he that falls on this stone shall be broken, but on whomsoever it shall fall, it shall grind him to powder.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— [And, he that falleth on this stone, will be sorely bruised; but, on whomsoever it may fall, it will utterly destroy him.]
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and he who is falling on this stone shall be broken, and on whomsoever it may fall it will crush him to pieces.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And whosoever shall fall on this stone shall be broken: but on whomsoever it shall fall, it shall grind him to powder.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And whosoeuer shall fall on this stone, shalbe broken: but on whom soeuer it shall fall, it will grinde him to powder.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And whosoever shall fall upon this stone shall be broken; but every one upon whom it shall fall, it will scatter (him).
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And whoever shall fall upon this stone, will be fractured; but on whomsoever it shall fall, it will crush him to atoms?

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
whosoever shall fall 4098
{4098} Prime
πίπτω
pipto
{pip'-to}
The first is a reduplicated and contracted form of the second (which occurs only as an alternate in certain tenses); probably akin to G4072 through the idea of alighting; to fall (literally of figuratively).
z5631
<5631> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 889
on 1909
{1909} Prime
ἐπί
epi
{ep-ee'}
A primary preposition properly meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution [with the genitive case], that is, over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
this 5126
{5126} Prime
τοῦτον
touton
{too'-ton}
Accusative, singular, masculine of G3778; this (person, as object of verb or preposition).
stone 3037
{3037} Prime
λίθος
lithos
{lee'-thos}
Apparently a primary word; a stone (literally or figuratively).
shall be broken: 4917
{4917} Prime
συνθλάω
sunthlao
{soon-thlah'-o}
From G4862 and θλάω [[thlao]] (to crush); to dash together, that is, shatter.
z5701
<5701> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 251
but 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
on 1909
{1909} Prime
ἐπί
epi
{ep-ee'}
A primary preposition properly meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution [with the genitive case], that is, over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
whomsoever 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
302
{0302} Prime
ἄν
an
{an}
A primary particle, denoting a supposition, wish, possibility or uncertainty.
it shall fall, 4098
{4098} Prime
πίπτω
pipto
{pip'-to}
The first is a reduplicated and contracted form of the second (which occurs only as an alternate in certain tenses); probably akin to G4072 through the idea of alighting; to fall (literally of figuratively).
z5632
<5632> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 449
it will grind y3039
[3039] Standard
λικμάω
likmao
{lik-mah'-o}
From λικμός [[likmos]], the equivalent of λίκνον [[liknon]] (a winnowing fan or basket); to winnow, that is, (by analogy) to triturate.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
him y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
to powder. 3039
{3039} Prime
λικμάω
likmao
{lik-mah'-o}
From λικμός [[likmos]], the equivalent of λίκνον [[liknon]] (a winnowing fan or basket); to winnow, that is, (by analogy) to triturate.
z5692
<5692> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 814
x846
(0846) Complement
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Matthew 21:44

_ _ And whosoever shall fall on this stone shall be broken: but on whomsoever it shall fall, it will grind him to powder — The Kingdom of God is here a Temple, in the erection of which a certain stone, rejected as unsuitable by the spiritual builders, is, by the great Lord of the House, made the keystone of the whole. On that Stone the builders were now “falling” and being “broken” (Isaiah 8:15). They were sustaining great spiritual hurt; but soon that Stone should “fall upon them” and “grind them to powder” (Daniel 2:34, Daniel 2:35; Zechariah 12:2) — in their corporate capacity, in the tremendous destruction of Jerusalem, but personally, as unbelievers, in a more awful sense still.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 21:33-46.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Matthew 21:44

Whosoever shall fall on this stone shall be broken — Stumblers at Christ shall even then receive much hurt. He is said to fall on this stone, who hears the Gospel and does not believe. But on whomsoever it shall fall — In vengeance, it will utterly destroy him. It will fall on every unbeliever, when Christ cometh in the clouds of heaven. Luke 20:18.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Matthew 21:44

And whosoever shall fall on this stone shall be broken: but on whomsoever it shall fall, it will (b) grind him to powder.

(b) As chaff used to be scattered with the wind, for he uses a word which properly signifies separating the chaff from the corn with winnowing, and to scatter it abroad.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
whosoever:

Psalms 2:12 Kiss the Son, lest he be angry, and ye perish [from] the way, when his wrath is kindled but a little. Blessed [are] all they that put their trust in him.
Isaiah 8:14-15 And he shall be for a sanctuary; but for a stone of stumbling and for a rock of offence to both the houses of Israel, for a gin and for a snare to the inhabitants of Jerusalem. ... And many among them shall stumble, and fall, and be broken, and be snared, and be taken.
Isaiah 60:12 For the nation and kingdom that will not serve thee shall perish; yea, [those] nations shall be utterly wasted.
Zechariah 12:3 And in that day will I make Jerusalem a burdensome stone for all people: all that burden themselves with it shall be cut in pieces, though all the people of the earth be gathered together against it.
Luke 20:18 Whosoever shall fall upon that stone shall be broken; but on whomsoever it shall fall, it will grind him to powder.
Romans 9:33 As it is written, Behold, I lay in Sion a stumblingstone and rock of offence: and whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed.
2 Corinthians 4:3-4 But if our gospel be hid, it is hid to them that are lost: ... In whom the god of this world hath blinded the minds of them which believe not, lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the image of God, should shine unto them.
1 Peter 2:8 And a stone of stumbling, and a rock of offence, [even to them] which stumble at the word, being disobedient: whereunto also they were appointed.

but:

Matthew 26:24 The Son of man goeth as it is written of him: but woe unto that man by whom the Son of man is betrayed! it had been good for that man if he had not been born.
Matthew 27:25 Then answered all the people, and said, His blood [be] on us, and on our children.
Psalms 2:9 Thou shalt break them with a rod of iron; thou shalt dash them in pieces like a potter's vessel.
Psalms 21:8-9 Thine hand shall find out all thine enemies: thy right hand shall find out those that hate thee. ... Thou shalt make them as a fiery oven in the time of thine anger: the LORD shall swallow them up in his wrath, and the fire shall devour them.
Psalms 110:5-6 The Lord at thy right hand shall strike through kings in the day of his wrath. ... He shall judge among the heathen, he shall fill [the places] with the dead bodies; he shall wound the heads over many countries.
Daniel 2:34-35 Thou sawest till that a stone was cut out without hands, which smote the image upon his feet [that were] of iron and clay, and brake them to pieces. ... Then was the iron, the clay, the brass, the silver, and the gold, broken to pieces together, and became like the chaff of the summer threshingfloors; and the wind carried them away, that no place was found for them: and the stone that smote the image became a great mountain, and filled the whole earth.
Daniel 2:44-45 And in the days of these kings shall the God of heaven set up a kingdom, which shall never be destroyed: and the kingdom shall not be left to other people, [but] it shall break in pieces and consume all these kingdoms, and it shall stand for ever. ... Forasmuch as thou sawest that the stone was cut out of the mountain without hands, and that it brake in pieces the iron, the brass, the clay, the silver, and the gold; the great God hath made known to the king what shall come to pass hereafter: and the dream [is] certain, and the interpretation thereof sure.
John 19:11 Jesus answered, Thou couldest have no power [at all] against me, except it were given thee from above: therefore he that delivered me unto thee hath the greater sin.
1 Thessalonians 2:16 Forbidding us to speak to the Gentiles that they might be saved, to fill up their sins alway: for the wrath is come upon them to the uttermost.
Hebrews 2:2-3 For if the word spoken by angels was stedfast, and every transgression and disobedience received a just recompence of reward; ... How shall we escape, if we neglect so great salvation; which at the first began to be spoken by the Lord, and was confirmed unto us by them that heard [him];
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 2:9, 12; 21:8; 110:5. Is 8:14; 60:12. Dn 2:34, 44. Zc 12:3. Mt 26:24; 27:25. Lk 20:18. Jn 19:11. Ro 9:33. 2Co 4:3. 1Th 2:16. He 2:2. 1P 2:8.

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