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Matthew 20:6 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And about the eleventh [hour] he went out, and found others standing; and he saith unto them, Why stand ye here all the day idle?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And about the eleventh hour he went out, and found others standing idle, and saith unto them, Why stand ye here all the day idle?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “And about the eleventh [hour] he went out and found others standing [around]; and he *said to them, ‘Why have you been standing here idle all day long?’
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And about the eleventh hour he went out, and found others standing idle, and saith to them, Why stand ye here all the day idle?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But about the eleventh [hour], having gone out, he found others standing, and says to them, Why stand ye here all the day idle?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, about the eleventh, going forth, he found others, standing, and saith unto them—Why, here, stand ye, all the day, unemployed?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And about the eleventh hour, having gone forth, he found others standing idle, and saith to them, Why here have ye stood all the day idle?
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But about the eleventh hour he went out and found others standing, and he saith to them: Why stand you here all the day idle?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And about the eleuenth houre, he went out, and found others standing idle, and saith vnto them, Why stand ye here all the day idle?
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And about eleven hours he went out, and found others who were standing and unemployed; and he said to them, Why are you standing all the day unemployed?
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And about the eleventh hour, he went out and found others who were standing and idle; and he said to them: Why stand ye all the day, and are idle?

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
about 4012
{4012} Prime
περί
peri
{per-ee'}
From the base of G4008; properly through (all over), that is, around; figuratively with respect to; used in various applications, of place, cause or time (with the genitive case denoting the subject or occasion or superlative point; with the accusative case the locality, circuit, matter, circumstance or general period).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
eleventh 1734
{1734} Prime
ἑνδέκατος
hendekatos
{hen-dek'-at-os}
Ordinal from G1733; eleventh.
hour 5610
{5610} Prime
ὥρα
hora
{ho'-rah}
Apparently a primary word; an 'hour' (literally or figuratively).
he went out, 1831
{1831} Prime
ἐξέρχομαι
exerchomai
{ex-er'-khom-ahee}
From G1537 and G2064; to issue (literally or figuratively).
z5631
<5631> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 889
and found 2147
{2147} Prime
εὑρίσκω
heurisko
{hyoo-ris'-ko}
A prolonged form of a primary word εὕρω [[heuro]], {hyoo'-ro}; which (together with another cognate form, εὑρέω [[heureo]], {hyoo-reh'-o}) is used for it in all the tenses except the present and imperfect; to find (literally or figuratively).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
others 243
{0243} Prime
ἄλλος
allos
{al'-los}
A primary word; 'else', that is, different (in many applications).
standing 2476
{2476} Prime
ἵστημι
histemi
{his'-tay-mee}
A prolonged form of a primary word στάω [[stao]], {stah'-o} (of the same meaning, and used for it in certain tenses); to stand (transitively or intransitively), used in various applications (literally or figuratively).
z5761
<5761> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 193
idle, 692
{0692} Prime
ἀργός
argos
{ar-gos'}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and G2041; inactive, that is, unemployed; (by implication) lazy, useless.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
saith 3004
{3004} Prime
λέγω
lego
{leg'-o}
A primary verb; properly to 'lay' forth, that is, (figuratively) relate (in words [usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue]); by implication to mean.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
unto them, 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
Why 5101
{5101} Prime
τίς
tis
{tis}
Probably emphatic of G5100; an interrogitive pronoun, who, which or what (in direct or indirect questions).
stand x2476
(2476) Complement
ἵστημι
histemi
{his'-tay-mee}
A prolonged form of a primary word στάω [[stao]], {stah'-o} (of the same meaning, and used for it in certain tenses); to stand (transitively or intransitively), used in various applications (literally or figuratively).
ye y2476
[2476] Standard
ἵστημι
histemi
{his'-tay-mee}
A prolonged form of a primary word στάω [[stao]], {stah'-o} (of the same meaning, and used for it in certain tenses); to stand (transitively or intransitively), used in various applications (literally or figuratively).
z5758
<5758> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 516
here 5602
{5602} Prime
ὧδε
hode
{ho'-deh}
From an adverb form of G3592; in this same spot, that is, here or hither.
all 3650
{3650} Prime
ὅλος
holos
{hol'-os}
A primary word; 'whole' or 'all', that is, complete (in extent, amount, time or degree), especially (neuter) as noun or adverb.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
day 2250
{2250} Prime
ἡμέρα
hemera
{hay-mer'-ah}
Feminine (with G5610 implied) of a derivative of ἧμαι [[hemai]] (to sit; akin to the base of G1476) meaning tame, that is, gentle; day, that is, (literally) the time space between dawn and dark, or the whole 24 hours (but several days were usually reckoned by the Jews as inclusive of the parts of both extremes); figuratively a period (always defined more or less clearly by the context).
idle? 692
{0692} Prime
ἀργός
argos
{ar-gos'}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and G2041; inactive, that is, unemployed; (by implication) lazy, useless.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Matthew 20:6

_ _ And about the eleventh hour — but one hour before the close of the working day; a most unusual hour both for offering and engaging

_ _ and found others standing idle, and saith, Why stand ye here all the day idle? — Of course they had not been there, or not been disposed to offer themselves at the proper time; but as they were now willing, and the day was not over, and “yet there was room,” they also are engaged, and on similar terms with all the rest.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 20:1-16.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Matthew 20:6

About the eleventh hour — That is, very late; long after the rest were called.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Matthew 20:6

And about the (b) eleventh hour he went out, and found others standing idle, and saith unto them, Why stand ye here all the day idle?

(b) The last hour: for the day was twelve hours long, and the first hour began at sunrise.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the eleventh:

Ecclesiastes 9:10 Whatsoever thy hand findeth to do, do [it] with thy might; for [there is] no work, nor device, nor knowledge, nor wisdom, in the grave, whither thou goest.
Luke 23:40-43 But the other answering rebuked him, saying, Dost not thou fear God, seeing thou art in the same condemnation? ... And Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, To day shalt thou be with me in paradise.
John 9:4 I must work the works of him that sent me, while it is day: the night cometh, when no man can work.

Why:

Proverbs 19:15 Slothfulness casteth into a deep sleep; and an idle soul shall suffer hunger.
Ezekiel 16:49 Behold, this was the iniquity of thy sister Sodom, pride, fulness of bread, and abundance of idleness was in her and in her daughters, neither did she strengthen the hand of the poor and needy.
Acts 17:21 (For all the Athenians and strangers which were there spent their time in nothing else, but either to tell, or to hear some new thing.)
Hebrews 6:12 That ye be not slothful, but followers of them who through faith and patience inherit the promises.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Pv 19:15. Ec 9:10. Ezk 16:49. Lk 23:40. Jn 9:4. Ac 17:21. He 6:12.

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