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Matthew 20:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And he went out about the third hour, and saw others standing in the marketplace idle;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And he went out about the third hour, and saw others standing idle in the marketplace,
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “And he went out about the third hour and saw others standing idle in the market place;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And he went out about the third hour, and saw others standing idle in the market-place,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And having gone out about [the] third hour, he saw others standing in the market-place idle;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, going forth about the third hour, he saw others, standing in the market-place, unemployed;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'And having gone forth about the third hour, he saw others standing in the market-place idle,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And going out about the third hour, he saw others standing in the marketplace idle.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And he went out about the third houre, and saw others standing idle in the market place,
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And he went forth in three hours, and saw others who were standing in the public place and unemployed.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And he went out at the third hour, and saw others standing idle in the market-place:

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
he went out 1831
{1831} Prime
ἐξέρχομαι
exerchomai
{ex-er'-khom-ahee}
From G1537 and G2064; to issue (literally or figuratively).
z5631
<5631> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 889
about 4012
{4012} Prime
περί
peri
{per-ee'}
From the base of G4008; properly through (all over), that is, around; figuratively with respect to; used in various applications, of place, cause or time (with the genitive case denoting the subject or occasion or superlative point; with the accusative case the locality, circuit, matter, circumstance or general period).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
third 5154
{5154} Prime
τρίτος
tritos
{tree'-tos}
From G5140; third; neuter (as noun) a third part, or (as adverb) a (or the) third time, thirdly.
hour, 5610
{5610} Prime
ὥρα
hora
{ho'-rah}
Apparently a primary word; an 'hour' (literally or figuratively).
and saw 1492
{1492} Prime
εἰδῶ
eido
{i-do'}
A primary verb; used only in certain past tenses, the others being borrowed from the equivalent, G3700 and G3708; properly to see (literally or figuratively); by implication (in the perfect only) to know.
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
others 243
{0243} Prime
ἄλλος
allos
{al'-los}
A primary word; 'else', that is, different (in many applications).
standing 2476
{2476} Prime
ἵστημι
histemi
{his'-tay-mee}
A prolonged form of a primary word στάω [[stao]], {stah'-o} (of the same meaning, and used for it in certain tenses); to stand (transitively or intransitively), used in various applications (literally or figuratively).
z5761
<5761> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 193
idle 692
{0692} Prime
ἀργός
argos
{ar-gos'}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and G2041; inactive, that is, unemployed; (by implication) lazy, useless.
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
marketplace, 58
{0058} Prime
ἀγορά
agora
{ag-or-ah'}
From ἀγείρω [[ageiro]] (to gather; probably akin to G1453); properly the town square (as a place of public resort); by implication a market or thoroughfare.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Matthew 20:3

_ _ And he went out about the third hour — about nine o’clock, or after a fourth of the working day had expired: the day of twelve hours was reckoned from six to six.

_ _ and saw others standing idle in the market place — unemployed.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 20:1-16.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the third:

Mark 15:25 And it was the third hour, and they crucified him.
Acts 2:15 For these are not drunken, as ye suppose, seeing it is [but] the third hour of the day.

standing:

Matthew 20:6-7 And about the eleventh hour he went out, and found others standing idle, and saith unto them, Why stand ye here all the day idle? ... They say unto him, Because no man hath hired us. He saith unto them, Go ye also into the vineyard; and whatsoever is right, [that] shall ye receive.
Matthew 11:16-17 But whereunto shall I liken this generation? It is like unto children sitting in the markets, and calling unto their fellows, ... And saying, We have piped unto you, and ye have not danced; we have mourned unto you, and ye have not lamented.
Proverbs 19:15 Slothfulness casteth into a deep sleep; and an idle soul shall suffer hunger.
Ezekiel 16:49 Behold, this was the iniquity of thy sister Sodom, pride, fulness of bread, and abundance of idleness was in her and in her daughters, neither did she strengthen the hand of the poor and needy.
Acts 17:17-21 Therefore disputed he in the synagogue with the Jews, and with the devout persons, and in the market daily with them that met with him. ... (For all the Athenians and strangers which were there spent their time in nothing else, but either to tell, or to hear some new thing.)
1 Timothy 5:13 And withal they learn [to be] idle, wandering about from house to house; and not only idle, but tattlers also and busybodies, speaking things which they ought not.
Hebrews 6:12 That ye be not slothful, but followers of them who through faith and patience inherit the promises.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Pv 19:15. Ezk 16:49. Mt 11:16; 20:6. Mk 15:25. Ac 2:15; 17:17. 1Ti 5:13. He 6:12.

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