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Matthew 20:16 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— So the last shall be first, and the first last.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— So the last shall be first, and the first last: for many be called, but few chosen.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “So the last shall be first, and the first last.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— So the last shall be first, and the first last: for many are called, but few chosen.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Thus shall the last be first, and the first last; for many are called ones, but few chosen ones.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Thus, shall be—The last first, and the first last.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— So the last shall be first, and the first last, for many are called, and few chosen.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— So shall the last be first and the first last. For many are called but few chosen.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— So the last shall be first, and the first last: for many bee called, but fewe chosen.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Thus the last shall be first, and the first last; for many are the called, but few the chosen.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Thus the last shall be first, and the first last: for the called are many, but the chosen are few.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
So 3779
{3779} Prime
οὕτω
houto
{hoo'-to}
From G3778; in this way (referring to what precedes or follows).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
last 2078
{2078} Prime
ἔσχατος
eschatos
{es'-khat-os}
A superlative probably from G2192 (in the sense of contiguity); farthest, final (of place or time).
shall be 2071
{2071} Prime
ἔσομαι
esomai
{es'-om-ahee}
Future tense of G1510; will be.
z5704
<5704> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 188
first, 4413
{4413} Prime
πρῶτος
protos
{pro'-tos}
Contracted superlative of G4253; foremost (in time, place, order or importance).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
first 4413
{4413} Prime
πρῶτος
protos
{pro'-tos}
Contracted superlative of G4253; foremost (in time, place, order or importance).
last: 2078
{2078} Prime
ἔσχατος
eschatos
{es'-khat-os}
A superlative probably from G2192 (in the sense of contiguity); farthest, final (of place or time).
for 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
many 4183
{4183} Prime
πολύς
polus
{pol-oos'}
Including the forms from the alternate 'pollos'; (singular) much (in any respect) or (plural) many; neuter (singular) as adverb largely; neuter (plural) as adverb or noun often, mostly, largely.
be 1526
{1526} Prime
εἰσί
eisi
{i-see'}
Third person plural present indicative of G1510; they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
called, 2822
{2822} Prime
κλητός
kletos
{klay-tos'}
From the same as G2821; invited, that is, appointed, or (specifically) a saint.
but 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
few 3641
{3641} Prime
ὀλίγος
oligos
{ol-ee'-gos}
Of uncertain affinity; puny (in extent, degree, number, duration or value); especially neuter (adverbially) somewhat.
chosen. 1588
{1588} Prime
ἐκλεκτός
eklektos
{ek-lek-tos'}
From G1586; select; by implication favorite.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Matthew 20:16

_ _ So the last shall be first, and the first last — that is, “Take heed lest by indulging the spirit of these murmurers at the penny given to the last hired, ye miss your own penny, though first in the vineyard; while the consciousness of having come in so late may inspire these last with such a humble frame, and such admiration of the grace that has hired and rewarded them at all, as will put them into the foremost place in the end.”

_ _ for many be called, but few chosen — This is another of our Lord’s terse and pregnant sayings, more than once uttered in different connections. (See Matthew 19:30; Matthew 22:14). The “calling” of which the New Testament almost invariably speaks is what divines call effectual calling, carrying with it a supernatural operation on the will to secure its consent. But that cannot be the meaning of it here; the “called” being emphatically distinguished from the “chosen.” It can only mean here the “invited.” And so the sense is, Many receive the invitations of the Gospel whom God has never “chosen to salvation through sanctification of the Spirit and belief of the truth” (2 Thessalonians 2:13). But what, it may be asked, has this to do with the subject of our parable? Probably this — to teach us that men who have wrought in Christ’s service all their days may, by the spirit which they manifest at the last, make it too evident that, as between God and their own souls, they never were chosen workmen at all.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 20:1-16.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Matthew 20:16

So the last shall be first, and the first last — Not only with regard to the Jews and Gentiles, but in a thousand other instances. For many are called — All who hear the Gospel; but few chosen — Only those who obey it. Matthew 19:30; Matthew 22:14.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the last:

Matthew 8:11-12 And I say unto you, That many shall come from the east and west, and shall sit down with Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob, in the kingdom of heaven. ... But the children of the kingdom shall be cast out into outer darkness: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.
Matthew 19:30 But many [that are] first shall be last; and the last [shall be] first.
Matthew 21:31 Whether of them twain did the will of [his] father? They say unto him, The first. Jesus saith unto them, Verily I say unto you, That the publicans and the harlots go into the kingdom of God before you.
Mark 10:31 But many [that are] first shall be last; and the last first.
Luke 7:47 Wherefore I say unto thee, Her sins, which are many, are forgiven; for she loved much: but to whom little is forgiven, [the same] loveth little.
Luke 13:28-30 There shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth, when ye shall see Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob, and all the prophets, in the kingdom of God, and you [yourselves] thrust out. ... And, behold, there are last which shall be first, and there are first which shall be last.
Luke 15:7 I say unto you, that likewise joy shall be in heaven over one sinner that repenteth, more than over ninety and nine just persons, which need no repentance.
Luke 17:17-18 And Jesus answering said, Were there not ten cleansed? but where [are] the nine? ... There are not found that returned to give glory to God, save this stranger.
John 12:19-22 The Pharisees therefore said among themselves, Perceive ye how ye prevail nothing? behold, the world is gone after him. ... Philip cometh and telleth Andrew: and again Andrew and Philip tell Jesus.
Romans 5:20 Moreover the law entered, that the offence might abound. But where sin abounded, grace did much more abound:
Romans 9:30 What shall we say then? That the Gentiles, which followed not after righteousness, have attained to righteousness, even the righteousness which is of faith.

for:

Matthew 7:13 Enter ye in at the strait gate: for wide [is] the gate, and broad [is] the way, that leadeth to destruction, and many there be which go in thereat:
Matthew 22:14 For many are called, but few [are] chosen.
Luke 14:24 For I say unto you, That none of those men which were bidden shall taste of my supper.
Romans 8:30 Moreover whom he did predestinate, them he also called: and whom he called, them he also justified: and whom he justified, them he also glorified.
1 Thessalonians 2:13 For this cause also thank we God without ceasing, because, when ye received the word of God which ye heard of us, ye received [it] not [as] the word of men, but as it is in truth, the word of God, which effectually worketh also in you that believe.
2 Thessalonians 2:13-14 But we are bound to give thanks alway to God for you, brethren beloved of the Lord, because God hath from the beginning chosen you to salvation through sanctification of the Spirit and belief of the truth: ... Whereunto he called you by our gospel, to the obtaining of the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ.
James 1:23-25 For if any be a hearer of the word, and not a doer, he is like unto a man beholding his natural face in a glass: ... But whoso looketh into the perfect law of liberty, and continueth [therein], he being not a forgetful hearer, but a doer of the work, this man shall be blessed in his deed.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Mt 7:13; 8:11; 19:30; 21:31; 22:14. Mk 10:31. Lk 7:47; 13:28; 14:24; 15:7; 17:17. Jn 12:19. Ro 5:20; 8:30; 9:30. 1Th 2:13. 2Th 2:13. Jm 1:23.

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