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Matthew 20:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— saying, These last have spent [but] one hour, and thou hast made them equal unto us, who have borne the burden of the day and the scorching heat.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Saying, These last have wrought [but] one hour, and thou hast made them equal unto us, which have borne the burden and heat of the day.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— saying, ‘These last men have worked [only] one hour, and you have made them equal to us who have borne the burden and the scorching heat of the day.’
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Saying, These last have wrought [but] one hour, and thou hast made them equal to us, who have borne the burden and heat of the day.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— saying, These last have worked one hour, and thou hast made them equal to us, who have borne the burden of the day and the heat.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— These last, one hour, wrought, and thou hast made them, equal unto us, who have borne the burden of the day, and the scorching heat.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— that These, the last, wrought one hour, and thou didst make them equal to us, who were bearing the burden of the day—and the heat.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Saying: These last have worked but one hour. and thou hast made them equal to us, that have borne the burden of the day and the heats.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Saying, These last haue wrought [but] one houre, and thou hast made them equall vnto vs, which haue borne the burden, and heat of the day.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— and said, These last have wrought one hour, and thou hast made them equal with us, who have borne the burden of the day and its heat.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— and said: These last have labored but one hour, and thou hast made them equal with us who have borne the burden of the day and the heat of it.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
y3754
[3754] Standard
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
Saying, 3004
{3004} Prime
λέγω
lego
{leg'-o}
A primary verb; properly to 'lay' forth, that is, (figuratively) relate (in words [usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue]); by implication to mean.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
These 3778
{3778} Prime
οὗτος
houtos
{hoo'-tos}
Including the nominative masculine plural (second form), nominative feminine signular (third form), and the nominate feminine plural, (fourth form). From the article G3588 and G0846; the he (she or it), that is, this or that (often with the article repeated).
last 2078
{2078} Prime
ἔσχατος
eschatos
{es'-khat-os}
A superlative probably from G2192 (in the sense of contiguity); farthest, final (of place or time).
have wrought 4160
{4160} Prime
ποιέω
poieo
{poy-eh'-o}
Apparently a prolonged form of an obsolete primary; to make or do (in a very wide application, more or less direct).
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
[but] one 3391
{3391} Prime
μία
mia
{mee'-ah}
Irregular feminine of G1520; one or first.
hour, 5610
{5610} Prime
ὥρα
hora
{ho'-rah}
Apparently a primary word; an 'hour' (literally or figuratively).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
thou hast made 4160
{4160} Prime
ποιέω
poieo
{poy-eh'-o}
Apparently a prolonged form of an obsolete primary; to make or do (in a very wide application, more or less direct).
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
them 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
equal 2470
{2470} Prime
ἴσος
isos
{ee'-sos}
Probably from G1492 (through the idea of seeming); similar (in amount or kind).
unto us, 2254
{2254} Prime
ἡμῖν
hemin
{hay-meen'}
Dative plural of G1473; to (or for, with, by) us.
which y3588
[3588] Standard

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
have borne 941
{0941} Prime
βαστάζω
bastazo
{bas-tad'-zo}
Perhaps remotely derived from the base of G0939 (through the idea of removal); to lift, literally or figuratively (endure, declare, sustain, receive, etc.).
z5660
<5660> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 714
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
burden 922
{0922} Prime
βάρος
baros
{bar'-os}
Probably from the same as G0939 (through the notion of going down; compare G0899); weight; in the New Testament only, figuratively a load, abundance, authority.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
heat 2742
{2742} Prime
καύσων
kauson
{kow'-sone}
From G2741; a glare.
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
day. 2250
{2250} Prime
ἡμέρα
hemera
{hay-mer'-ah}
Feminine (with G5610 implied) of a derivative of ἧμαι [[hemai]] (to sit; akin to the base of G1476) meaning tame, that is, gentle; day, that is, (literally) the time space between dawn and dark, or the whole 24 hours (but several days were usually reckoned by the Jews as inclusive of the parts of both extremes); figuratively a period (always defined more or less clearly by the context).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Matthew 20:12

_ _ Saying, These last have wrought but one hour, and thou hast made them equal unto us, which have borne the burden and heat — the burning heat.

_ _ of the day — who have wrought not only longer but during a more trying period of the day.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 20:1-16.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Matthew 20:12

Thou hast made them equal to us — So St. Peter expressly, Acts 15:9. God — hath put no difference between us (Jews) and them, (Gentiles,) purifying their hearts by faith. And those who were equally holy here, whenever they were called, will be equally happy hereafter.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
wrought but one hour:
or, continued one hour only

equal:

Luke 14:10-11 But when thou art bidden, go and sit down in the lowest room; that when he that bade thee cometh, he may say unto thee, Friend, go up higher: then shalt thou have worship in the presence of them that sit at meat with thee. ... For whosoever exalteth himself shall be abased; and he that humbleth himself shall be exalted.
Romans 3:22-24 Even the righteousness of God [which is] by faith of Jesus Christ unto all and upon all them that believe: for there is no difference: ... Being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus:
Romans 3:30 Seeing [it is] one God, which shall justify the circumcision by faith, and uncircumcision through faith.
Ephesians 3:6 That the Gentiles should be fellowheirs, and of the same body, and partakers of his promise in Christ by the gospel:

borne:

Isaiah 58:2-3 Yet they seek me daily, and delight to know my ways, as a nation that did righteousness, and forsook not the ordinance of their God: they ask of me the ordinances of justice; they take delight in approaching to God. ... Wherefore have we fasted, [say they], and thou seest not? [wherefore] have we afflicted our soul, and thou takest no knowledge? Behold, in the day of your fast ye find pleasure, and exact all your labours.
Zechariah 7:3-5 [And] to speak unto the priests which [were] in the house of the LORD of hosts, and to the prophets, saying, Should I weep in the fifth month, separating myself, as I have done these so many years? ... Speak unto all the people of the land, and to the priests, saying, When ye fasted and mourned in the fifth and seventh [month], even those seventy years, did ye at all fast unto me, [even] to me?
Malachi 1:13 Ye said also, Behold, what a weariness [is it]! and ye have snuffed at it, saith the LORD of hosts; and ye brought [that which was] torn, and the lame, and the sick; thus ye brought an offering: should I accept this of your hand? saith the LORD.
Malachi 3:14 Ye have said, It [is] vain to serve God: and what profit [is it] that we have kept his ordinance, and that we have walked mournfully before the LORD of hosts?
Luke 15:29-30 And he answering said to [his] father, Lo, these many years do I serve thee, neither transgressed I at any time thy commandment: and yet thou never gavest me a kid, that I might make merry with my friends: ... But as soon as this thy son was come, which hath devoured thy living with harlots, thou hast killed for him the fatted calf.
Luke 18:11-12 The Pharisee stood and prayed thus with himself, God, I thank thee, that I am not as other men [are], extortioners, unjust, adulterers, or even as this publican. ... I fast twice in the week, I give tithes of all that I possess.
Romans 3:27 Where [is] boasting then? It is excluded. By what law? of works? Nay: but by the law of faith.
Romans 9:30-32 What shall we say then? That the Gentiles, which followed not after righteousness, have attained to righteousness, even the righteousness which is of faith. ... Wherefore? Because [they sought it] not by faith, but as it were by the works of the law. For they stumbled at that stumblingstone;
Romans 10:1-3 Brethren, my heart's desire and prayer to God for Israel is, that they might be saved. ... For they being ignorant of God's righteousness, and going about to establish their own righteousness, have not submitted themselves unto the righteousness of God.
Romans 11:5-6 Even so then at this present time also there is a remnant according to the election of grace. ... And if by grace, then [is it] no more of works: otherwise grace is no more grace. But if [it be] of works, then is it no more grace: otherwise work is no more work.
1 Corinthians 4:11 Even unto this present hour we both hunger, and thirst, and are naked, and are buffeted, and have no certain dwellingplace;
2 Corinthians 11:23-28 Are they ministers of Christ? (I speak as a fool) I [am] more; in labours more abundant, in stripes above measure, in prisons more frequent, in deaths oft. ... Beside those things that are without, that which cometh upon me daily, the care of all the churches.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Is 58:2. Zc 7:3. Mal 1:13; 3:14. Lk 14:10; 15:29; 18:11. Ro 3:22, 27, 30; 9:30; 10:1; 11:5. 1Co 4:11. 2Co 11:23. Ep 3:6.

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