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Matthew 2:6 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And thou Bethlehem, land of Judah, Art in no wise least among the princes of Judah: For out of thee shall come forth a governor, Who shall be shepherd of my people Israel.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And thou Bethlehem, [in] the land of Juda, art not the least among the princes of Juda: for out of thee shall come a Governor, that shall rule my people Israel.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— ‘AND YOU, BETHLEHEM, LAND OF JUDAH, ARE BY NO MEANS LEAST AMONG THE LEADERS OF JUDAH; FOR OUT OF YOU SHALL COME FORTH A RULER WHO WILL SHEPHERD MY PEOPLE ISRAEL.’”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And thou Bethlehem, [in] the land of Judah, art not the least among the princes of Judah: for out of thee shall come a Governor, that shall rule my people Israel.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And *thou* Bethlehem, land of Juda, art in no wise the least among the governors of Juda; for out of thee shall go forth a leader who shall shepherd my people Israel.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, thou, Bethlehem, land of Judah, by no means least, art thou, among the governors of Judah,—For, out of thee, shall one come forth to govern, Who shall shepherd my people Israel.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And thou, Beth-Lehem, the land of Judah, thou art by no means the least among the leaders of Judah, for out of thee shall come one leading, who shall feed My people Israel.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And thou Bethlehem the land of Juda art not the least among the princes of Juda: for out of thee shall come forth the captain that shall rule my people Israel.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And thou Bethlehem [in] the land of Iuda, art not the least among the Princes of Iuda: for out of thee shall come a Gouernour, that shall rule my people Israel.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Also thou, Beth-lechem of Jehuda, wast not the least among the kings of Jehuda; for from thee shall come forth the king who shall be as a shepherd to my people Isroel.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Thou also, Bethlehem of Judaea, art not the little among the kings of Judaea, for a king shall come from thee who shall rule my people Israel.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
thou 4771
{4771} Prime
σύ
su
{soo}
The personal pronoun of the second person singular; thou.
Bethlehem, 965
{0965} Prime
Βηθλέεμ
Bethleem
{bayth-leh-em'}
Of Hebrew origin [H1036]; Bethleem (that is, Beth-lechem), a place in Palestine.
[in] the land 1093
{1093} Prime
γῆ
ge
{ghay}
Contracted from a primary word; soil; by extension a region, or the solid part or the whole of the terrene globe (including the occupants in each application).
of Juda, 2448
{2448} Prime
Ἰουδά
Iouda
{ee-oo-dah'}
Of Hebrew origin [H3063] or perhaps [H3194]; Judah (that is, Jehudah or Juttah), a part of (or place in) Palestine.
art 1488
{1488} Prime
εῖ
ei
{i}
Second parson singular present of G1510; thou art.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
not 3760
{3760} Prime
οὐδαμῶς
oudamos
{oo-dam-oce'}
Adverb from (the feminine) of G3762; by no means.
the least 1646
{1646} Prime
ἐλάχιστος
elachistos
{el-akh'-is-tos}
The superlative of ἔλαχυς [[elachus]] (short); used as equivalent to G3398; least (in size, amount, dignity, etc.).
among 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
princes 2232
{2232} Prime
ἡγεμών
hegemon
{hayg-em-ohn'}
From G2233; a leader, that is, chief person (or figuratively place) of a province.
of Juda: 2448
{2448} Prime
Ἰουδά
Iouda
{ee-oo-dah'}
Of Hebrew origin [H3063] or perhaps [H3194]; Judah (that is, Jehudah or Juttah), a part of (or place in) Palestine.
for 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
out x1537
(1537) Complement
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
of y1537
[1537] Standard
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
thee 4675
{4675} Prime
σοῦ
sou
{soo}
Genitive case of G4771; of thee, thy.
shall come 1831
{1831} Prime
ἐξέρχομαι
exerchomai
{ex-er'-khom-ahee}
From G1537 and G2064; to issue (literally or figuratively).
z5695
<5695> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 271
a Governor, 2233
{2233} Prime
ἡγέομαι
hegeomai
{hayg-eh'-om-ahee}
Middle voice of a (presumed) strengthened form of G0071; to lead, that is, command (with official authority); figuratively to deem, that is, consider.
z5740
<5740> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 544
that 3748
{3748} Prime
ὅστις
hostis
{hos'-tis}
From G3739 and G5100; which some, that is, any that; also (definitely) which same.
shall rule 4165
{4165} Prime
ποιμαίνω
poimaino
{poy-mah'-ee-no}
From G4166; to tend as a shepherd (or figuratively superviser).
z5692
<5692> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 814
my 3450
{3450} Prime
μοῦ
mou
{moo}
The simpler from of G1700; of me.
people 2992
{2992} Prime
λαός
laos
{lah-os'}
Apparently a primary word; a people (in general; thus differing from G1218, which denotes one's own populace).
Israel. 2474
{2474} Prime
Ἰσραήλ
Israel
{is-rah-ale'}
Of Hebrew origin [H3478]; Israel (that is, Jisrael), the adopted name of Jacob, including his descendants (literally or figuratively).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Matthew 2:6

_ _ And thou, Bethlehem, in the land of Juda — the “in” being familiarly left out, as we say, “London, Middlesex.”

_ _ art not the least among the princes of Judah: for out of thee shall come a Governor, etc. — This quotation, though differing verbally, agrees substantially with the Hebrew and the Septuagint. For says the prophet, “Though thou be little, yet out of thee shall come the Ruler” — this honor more than compensating for its natural insignificance; while our Evangelist, by a lively turn, makes him say, “Thou art not the least: for out of thee shall come a Governor” — this distinction lifting it from the lowest to the highest rank. The “thousands of Juda,” in the prophet, mean the subordinate divisions of the tribe: our Evangelist, instead of these, merely names the “princes” or heads of these families, including the districts which they occupied.

_ _ that shall rule — or “feed,” as in the Margin.

_ _ my people Israel — In the Old Testament, kings are, by a beautiful figure, styled “shepherds” (Ezekiel 34:1-10, etc.). The classical writers use the same figure. The pastoral rule of Jehovah and Messiah over His people is a representation pervading all Scripture, and rich in import. (See Psalms 23:1-6; Isaiah 40:11; Ezekiel 37:24; John 10:11; Revelation 7:17). That this prophecy of Micah referred to the Messiah, was admitted by the ancient Rabbins.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 2:1-8.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Matthew 2:6

Thou art in nowise the least among the princes of Judah — That is, among the cities belonging to the princes or heads of thousands in Judah. When this and several other quotations from the Old Testament are compared with the original, it plainly appears, the apostles did not always think it necessary exactly to transcribe the passages they cited, but contented themselves with giving the general sense, though with some diversity of language. The words of Micah, which we render, Though thou be little, may be rendered, Art thou little? And then the difference which seems to be here between the prophet and the evangelist vanishes away. Micah 5:2.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Matthew 2:6

And thou Bethlehem, [in] the land of Juda, art not the (f) least among the princes of Juda: for out of thee shall come a Governor, that (g) shall rule my people Israel.

(f) Though you are a small town, yet you will be very famous and notable through the birth of the Messiah, who will be born in you.

(g) That will rule and govern: for kings are rightly called leaders and shepherds of the people.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
thou:

Matthew 2:1 Now when Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judaea in the days of Herod the king, behold, there came wise men from the east to Jerusalem,
Micah 5:2 But thou, Bethlehem Ephratah, [though] thou be little among the thousands of Judah, [yet] out of thee shall he come forth unto me [that is] to be ruler in Israel; whose goings forth [have been] from of old, from everlasting.
John 7:42 Hath not the scripture said, That Christ cometh of the seed of David, and out of the town of Bethlehem, where David was?

a Governor:

Matthew 28:18 And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth.
Genesis 49:10 The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come; and unto him [shall] the gathering of the people [be].
Numbers 24:19 Out of Jacob shall come he that shall have dominion, and shall destroy him that remaineth of the city.
1 Chronicles 5:2 For Judah prevailed above his brethren, and of him [came] the chief ruler; but the birthright [was] Joseph's:)
Psalms 2:1-6 Why do the heathen rage, and the people imagine a vain thing? ... Yet have I set my king upon my holy hill of Zion.
Isaiah 9:6-7 For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace. ... Of the increase of [his] government and peace [there shall be] no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice from henceforth even for ever. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will perform this.
Ephesians 1:22 And hath put all [things] under his feet, and gave him [to be] the head over all [things] to the church,
Colossians 1:18 And he is the head of the body, the church: who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead; that in all [things] he might have the preeminence.
Revelation 2:27 And he shall rule them with a rod of iron; as the vessels of a potter shall they be broken to shivers: even as I received of my Father.
Revelation 11:15 And the seventh angel sounded; and there were great voices in heaven, saying, The kingdoms of this world are become [the kingdoms] of our Lord, and of his Christ; and he shall reign for ever and ever.

rule:
or, feed,
Psalms 78:71-72 From following the ewes great with young he brought him to feed Jacob his people, and Israel his inheritance. ... So he fed them according to the integrity of his heart; and guided them by the skilfulness of his hands.
Isaiah 40:11 He shall feed his flock like a shepherd: he shall gather the lambs with his arm, and carry [them] in his bosom, [and] shall gently lead those that are with young.
Jeremiah 23:4-6 And I will set up shepherds over them which shall feed them: and they shall fear no more, nor be dismayed, neither shall they be lacking, saith the LORD. ... In his days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely: and this [is] his name whereby he shall be called, THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS.
Ezekiel 34:23-25 And I will set up one shepherd over them, and he shall feed them, [even] my servant David; he shall feed them, and he shall be their shepherd. ... And I will make with them a covenant of peace, and will cause the evil beasts to cease out of the land: and they shall dwell safely in the wilderness, and sleep in the woods.
Ezekiel 37:24-26 And David my servant [shall be] king over them; and they all shall have one shepherd: they shall also walk in my judgments, and observe my statutes, and do them. ... Moreover I will make a covenant of peace with them; it shall be an everlasting covenant with them: and I will place them, and multiply them, and will set my sanctuary in the midst of them for evermore.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 49:10. Nu 24:19. 1Ch 5:2. Ps 2:1; 78:71. Is 9:6; 40:11. Jr 23:4. Ezk 34:23; 37:24. Mi 5:2. Mt 2:1; 28:18. Jn 7:42. Ep 1:22. Col 1:18. Rv 2:27; 11:15.

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