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Matthew 2:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And gathering together all the chief priests and scribes of the people, he inquired of them where the Christ should be born.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And when he had gathered all the chief priests and scribes of the people together, he demanded of them where Christ should be born.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Gathering together all the chief priests and scribes of the people, he inquired of them where the Messiah was to be born.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And when he had assembled all the chief priests and scribes of the people, he inquired of them where Christ should be born.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and, assembling all the chief priests and scribes of the people, he inquired of them where the Christ should be born.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— and, assembling all the high-priests and scribes of the people, he was enquiring of them—Where is, the Christ, to be born?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and having gathered all the chief priests and scribes of the people, he was inquiring from them where the Christ is born.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And assembling together all the chief priests and the scribes of the people, he inquired of them where Christ should be born.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And when he had gathered all the chiefe Priests and Scribes of the people together, hee demanded of them where Christ should be borne.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And he assembled all the chief priests and scribes of the people, and anxiously inquired of them where the Meshicha should be born.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And he assembled all the chiefs of the priests and the scribes of the people, and inquired of them, Where is the birthplace of the Messiah?

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
when he had gathered 4863
{4863} Prime
συνάγω
sunago
{soon-ag'-o}
From G4862 and G0071; to lead together, that is, collect or convene; specifically to entertain (hospitably).
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
all 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
chief priests 749
{0749} Prime
ἀρχιερεύς
archiereus
{ar-khee-er-yuce'}
From G0746 and G2409; the high priest (literally of the Jews, typically Christ); by extension a chief priest.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
scribes 1122
{1122} Prime
γραμματεύς
grammateus
{gram-mat-yooce'}
From G1121; a writer, that is, (professionally) scribe or secretary.
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
people 2992
{2992} Prime
λαός
laos
{lah-os'}
Apparently a primary word; a people (in general; thus differing from G1218, which denotes one's own populace).
together, y4863
[4863] Standard
συνάγω
sunago
{soon-ag'-o}
From G4862 and G0071; to lead together, that is, collect or convene; specifically to entertain (hospitably).
z5631
<5631> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 889
he demanded 4441
{4441} Prime
πυνθάνομαι
punthanomai
{poon-than'-om-ahee}
Middle voice prolonged from πύθω [[putho]], a primary word, (which occurs only as an alternate in certain tenses); to question, that is, ascertain by inquiry (as a matter of information merely; and thus differing from G2065, which properly means a request as a favor; and from G0154, which is strictly a demand of something due; as well as from G2212, which implies a search for something hidden; and from G1189, which involves the idea of urgent need); by implication to learn (by casual intelligence).
z5711
<5711> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 184
of 3844
{3844} Prime
παρά
para
{par-ah'}
A primary preposition; properly near, that is, (with genitive case) from beside (literally or figuratively), (with dative case) at (or in) the vicinity of (objectively or subjectively), (with accusative case) to the proximity with (local [especially beyond or opposed to] or causal [on account of]). In compounds it retains the same variety of application.
them 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
where 4226
{4226} Prime
ποῦ
pou
{poo}
Genitive case of πός [[pos]], an interrogitive pronoun, (what) otherwise obsolete (perhaps the same as G4225 used with the rising slide of inquiry); as adverb of place; at (by implication to) what locality.
Christ 5547
{5547} Prime
Χριστός
Christos
{khris-tos'}
From G5548; anointed, that is, the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus.
should be born. 1080
{1080} Prime
γεννάω
gennao
{ghen-nah'-o}
From a variation of G1085; to procreate (properly of the father, but by extension of the mother); figuratively to regenerate.
z5743
<5743> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 271
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Matthew 2:4

_ _ And when he had gathered all the chief priests and scribes of the people together — The class of the “chief priests” included the high priest for the time being, together with all who had previously filled this office; for though the then head of the Aaronic family was the only rightful high priest, the Romans removed them at pleasure, to make way for creatures of their own. In this class probably were included also the heads of the four and twenty courses of the priests. The “scribes” were at first merely transcribers of the law and synagogue readers; afterwards interpreters of the law, both civil and religious, and so both lawyers and divines. The first of these classes, a proportion of the second, and “the elders” — that is, as Lightfoot thinks, “those elders of the laity that were not of the Levitical tribe” — constituted the supreme council of the nation, called the Sanhedrim, the members of which, at their full complement, numbered seventy-two. That this was the council which Herod now convened is most probable, from the solemnity of the occasion; for though the elders are not mentioned, we find a similar omission where all three were certainly meant (compare Matthew 26:59; Matthew 27:1). As Meyer says, it was all the theologians of the nation whom Herod convened, because it was a theological response that he wanted.

_ _ he demanded of them — as the authorized interpreters of Scripture.

_ _ where Christ — the Messiah.

_ _ should be born — according to prophecy.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 2:1-8.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Matthew 2:4

The chief priests — That is, not only the high priest and his deputy, with those who formerly had borne that office: but also the chief man in each of those twenty — four courses, into which the body of priests were divided, 1 Chronicles 24:6-19. The scribes were those whose peculiar business it was to explain the Scriptures to the people. They were the public preachers, or expounders of the law of Moses. Whence the chief of them were called doctors of the law.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Matthew 2:4

And when he had gathered all the (d) chief priests and (e) scribes of the people together, he demanded of them where Christ should be born.

(d) The chief priests, that is, such as were of Aaron's family, who were divided into twenty-four orders. (1 Chronicles 24:5; 2 Chronicles 36:14).

(e) They that expound the law to the people, for the Hebrews take this word for another, which means as much as to expound and to declare.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the chief:

Matthew 21:15 And when the chief priests and scribes saw the wonderful things that he did, and the children crying in the temple, and saying, Hosanna to the Son of David; they were sore displeased,
Matthew 21:23 And when he was come into the temple, the chief priests and the elders of the people came unto him as he was teaching, and said, By what authority doest thou these things? and who gave thee this authority?
Matthew 26:3 Then assembled together the chief priests, and the scribes, and the elders of the people, unto the palace of the high priest, who was called Caiaphas,
Matthew 26:47 And while he yet spake, lo, Judas, one of the twelve, came, and with him a great multitude with swords and staves, from the chief priests and elders of the people.
Matthew 27:1 When the morning was come, all the chief priests and elders of the people took counsel against Jesus to put him to death:
1 Chronicles 24:4-19 And there were more chief men found of the sons of Eleazar than of the sons of Ithamar; and [thus] were they divided. Among the sons of Eleazar [there were] sixteen chief men of the house of [their] fathers, and eight among the sons of Ithamar according to the house of their fathers. ... These [were] the orderings of them in their service to come into the house of the LORD, according to their manner, under Aaron their father, as the LORD God of Israel had commanded him.
2 Chronicles 36:14 Moreover all the chief of the priests, and the people, transgressed very much after all the abominations of the heathen; and polluted the house of the LORD which he had hallowed in Jerusalem.
Ezra 10:5 Then arose Ezra, and made the chief priests, the Levites, and all Israel, to swear that they should do according to this word. And they sware.
Nehemiah 12:7 Sallu, Amok, Hilkiah, Jedaiah. These [were] the chief of the priests and of their brethren in the days of Jeshua.
Psalms 2:2 The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against the LORD, and against his anointed, [saying],
John 7:32 The Pharisees heard that the people murmured such things concerning him; and the Pharisees and the chief priests sent officers to take him.
John 18:3 Judas then, having received a band [of men] and officers from the chief priests and Pharisees, cometh thither with lanterns and torches and weapons.

scribes:

Matthew 7:29 For he taught them as [one] having authority, and not as the scribes.
Matthew 13:52 Then said he unto them, Therefore every scribe [which is] instructed unto the kingdom of heaven is like unto a man [that is] an householder, which bringeth forth out of his treasure [things] new and old.
2 Chronicles 34:13 Also [they were] over the bearers of burdens, and [were] overseers of all that wrought the work in any manner of service: and of the Levites [there were] scribes, and officers, and porters.
2 Chronicles 34:15 And Hilkiah answered and said to Shaphan the scribe, I have found the book of the law in the house of the LORD. And Hilkiah delivered the book to Shaphan.
Ezra 7:6 This Ezra went up from Babylon; and he [was] a ready scribe in the law of Moses, which the LORD God of Israel had given: and the king granted him all his request, according to the hand of the LORD his God upon him.
Ezra 7:11-12 Now this [is] the copy of the letter that the king Artaxerxes gave unto Ezra the priest, the scribe, [even] a scribe of the words of the commandments of the LORD, and of his statutes to Israel. ... Artaxerxes, king of kings, unto Ezra the priest, a scribe of the law of the God of heaven, perfect [peace], and at such a time.
Jeremiah 8:8 How do ye say, We [are] wise, and the law of the LORD [is] with us? Lo, certainly in vain made he [it]; the pen of the scribes [is] in vain.
Mark 8:31 And he began to teach them, that the Son of man must suffer many things, and be rejected of the elders, and [of] the chief priests, and scribes, and be killed, and after three days rise again.
Luke 20:19 And the chief priests and the scribes the same hour sought to lay hands on him; and they feared the people: for they perceived that he had spoken this parable against them.
Luke 23:10 And the chief priests and scribes stood and vehemently accused him.
John 8:3 And the scribes and Pharisees brought unto him a woman taken in adultery; and when they had set her in the midst,
Acts 4:5 And it came to pass on the morrow, that their rulers, and elders, and scribes,
Acts 6:12 And they stirred up the people, and the elders, and the scribes, and came upon [him], and caught him, and brought [him] to the council,
Acts 23:9 And there arose a great cry: and the scribes [that were] of the Pharisees' part arose, and strove, saying, We find no evil in this man: but if a spirit or an angel hath spoken to him, let us not fight against God.

he demanded:

Malachi 2:7 For the priest's lips should keep knowledge, and they should seek the law at his mouth: for he [is] the messenger of the LORD of hosts.
John 3:10 Jesus answered and said unto him, Art thou a master of Israel, and knowest not these things?
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1Ch 24:4. 2Ch 34:13, 15; 36:14. Ezr 7:6, 11; 10:5. Ne 12:7. Ps 2:2. Jr 8:8. Mal 2:7. Mt 7:29; 13:52; 21:15, 23; 26:3, 47; 27:1. Mk 8:31. Lk 20:19; 23:10. Jn 3:10; 7:32; 8:3; 18:3. Ac 4:5; 6:12; 23:9.

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