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Matthew 2:22 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But when he heard that Archelaus was reigning over Judaea in the room of his father Herod, he was afraid to go thither; and being warned [of God] in a dream, he withdrew into the parts of Galilee,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But when he heard that Archelaus did reign in Judaea in the room of his father Herod, he was afraid to go thither: notwithstanding, being warned of God in a dream, he turned aside into the parts of Galilee:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But when he heard that Archelaus was reigning over Judea in place of his father Herod, he was afraid to go there. Then after being warned [by God] in a dream, he left for the regions of Galilee,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But when he heard that Archelaus reigned in Judea in the room of his father Herod, he was afraid to go thither: notwithstanding, being warned by God in a dream, he turned aside into the parts of Galilee:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— but having heard that 'Archelaus reigns over Judaea, instead of Herod his father,' he was afraid to go there; and having been divinely instructed in a dream, he went away into the parts of Galilee,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Hearing, however, that, Archelaus, was reigning over Judaea instead of his father Herod, he was afraid, thither, to go,—and so, being instructed by dream, he retired into the parts of Galilee;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and having heard that Archelaus doth reign over Judea instead of Herod his father, he was afraid to go thither, and having been divinely warned in a dream, he withdrew to the parts of Galilee,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But hearing that Archclaus reigned in Judea in the room of Herod his father, he was afraid to go thither: and being warned in sleep retired into the quarters of Galilee.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But when he heard that Archelaus did reigne in Iudea in the roome of his father Herod, hee was afraid to goe thither: notwithstanding, beeing warned of God in a dreame, he turned aside into the parts of Galilee:
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— But when he heard that Arkelaos was the king in Jehud, instead of Herodes his father, he was afraid to go thither: and it was shown to him in a dream, that he should go into the region of Galila.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— But when he heard that Archelaus was king in Judaea, instead of his father Herod, he feared to go thither. And it was revealed to him in a dream, that he should go into the land of Galilee.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
when he heard 191
{0191} Prime
ἀκούω
akouo
{ak-oo'-o}
A primary verb; to hear (in various senses).
z5660
<5660> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 714
that 3754
{3754} Prime
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
Archelaus 745
{0745} Prime
Ἀρχέλαος
Archelaos
{ar-khel'-ah-os}
From G0757 and G2994; people ruling; Archelaus, a Jewish king.
did reign 936
{0936} Prime
βασιλεύω
basileuo
{bas-il-yoo'-o}
From G0935; to rule (literally or figuratively).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
in 1909
{1909} Prime
ἐπί
epi
{ep-ee'}
A primary preposition properly meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution [with the genitive case], that is, over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
Judaea 2449
{2449} Prime
Ἰουδαία
Ioudaia
{ee-oo-dah'-yah}
Feminine of G2453 (with G1093 implied); the Judaean land (that is, judaea), a region of Palestine.
in the room 473
{0473} Prime
ἀντί
anti
{an-tee'}
A primary particle; opposite, that is, instead or because of (rarely in addition to).
of his 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
father 3962
{3962} Prime
πατήρ
pater
{pat-ayr'}
Apparently a primary word; a 'father' (literally or figuratively, near or more remote).
Herod, 2264
{2264} Prime
Ἡρῴδης
Herodes
{hay-ro'-dace}
Compound of ἥρως [[heros]] (a 'hero') and G1491; heroic; Herodes, the name of four Jewish kings.
he was afraid 5399
{5399} Prime
φοβέω
phobeo
{fob-eh'-o}
From G5401; to frighten, that is, (passively) to be alarmed; by analogy to be in awe of, that is, revere.
z5675
<5675> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive Deponent (See G5789)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 79
to go 565
{0565} Prime
ἀπέρχομαι
aperchomai
{ap-erkh'-om-ahee}
From G0575 and G2064; to go off (that is, depart), aside (that is, apart) or behind (that is, follow), literally or figuratively.
z5629
<5629> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 454
thither: 1563
{1563} Prime
ἐκεῖ
ekei
{ek-i'}
Of uncertain affinity; there; by extension thither.
notwithstanding, 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
being warned of God 5537
{5537} Prime
χρηματίζω
chrematizo
{khray-mat-id'-zo}
From G5536; to utter an oracle (compare the original sense of G5530), that is, divinely intimate; by implication (compare the secular sense of G5532) to constitute a firm for business, that is, (genitive) bear as a title.
z5685
<5685> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 215
in 2596
{2596} Prime
κατά
kata
{kat-ah'}
A primary particle; (preposition) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case [genitive, dative or accusative] with which it is joined).
a dream, 3677
{3677} Prime
ὄναρ
onar
{on'-ar}
Of uncertain derivation; a dream.
he turned aside 402
{0402} Prime
ἀναχωρέω
anachoreo
{an-akh-o-reh'-o}
From G0303 and G5562; to retire.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
into 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
parts 3313
{3313} Prime
μέρος
meros
{mer'-os}
From an obsolete but more primary form of μείρομαι [[meiromai]] (to get as a section or allotment); a division or share (literally or figuratively, in a wide application).
of Galilee: 1056
{1056} Prime
Γαλιλαία
Galilaia
{gal-il-ah'-yah}
Of hebrew origin [H1551]; Galilaea (that is, the heathen circle), a region of Palestine.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Matthew 2:22

_ _ But when he heard that Archelaus did reign in Judea in the room of his father Herod — Archelaus succeeded to Judea, Samaria, and Idumea; but Augustus refused him the title of king till it should be seen how he conducted himself; giving him only the title of ethnarch [Josephus, Antiquities, 17.11, 4]. Above this, however, he never rose. The people, indeed, recognized him as his father’s successor; and so it is here said that he “reigned in the room of his father Herod.” But, after ten years’ defiance of the Jewish law and cruel tyranny, the people lodged heavy complaints against him, and the emperor banished him to Vienne in Gaul, reducing Judea again to a Roman province. Then the “scepter” clean “departed from Judah.”

_ _ he was afraid to go thither — and no wonder, for the reason just mentioned.

_ _ notwithstanding — or more simply, “but.”

_ _ being warned of God in a dream, he turned aside — withdrew.

_ _ into the parts of Galilee — or the Galilean parts. The whole country west of the Jordan was at this time, as is well known, divided into three provinces — GALILEE being the northern, JUDEA the southern, and SAMARIA the central province. The province of Galilee was under the jurisdiction of Herod Antipas, the brother of Archelaus, his father having left him that and Perea, on the east side of the Jordan, as his share of the kingdom, with the title of tetrarch, which Augustus confirmed. Though crafty and licentious, according to Josephus — precisely what the Gospel history shows him to be (see on Mark 6:14-30; see on Luke 13:31-35) — he was of a less cruel disposition than Archelaus; and Nazareth being a good way off from the seat of government, and considerably secluded, it was safer to settle there.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 2:19-23.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Matthew 2:22

He was afraid to go thither — into Judea; and so turned aside into the region of Galilee — a part of the land of Israel not under the jurisdiction of Archelaus.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
he was:

Genesis 19:17-21 And it came to pass, when they had brought them forth abroad, that he said, Escape for thy life; look not behind thee, neither stay thou in all the plain; escape to the mountain, lest thou be consumed. ... And he said unto him, See, I have accepted thee concerning this thing also, that I will not overthrow this city, for the which thou hast spoken.
1 Samuel 16:2 And Samuel said, How can I go? if Saul hear [it], he will kill me. And the LORD said, Take an heifer with thee, and say, I am come to sacrifice to the LORD.
Acts 9:13-14 Then Ananias answered, Lord, I have heard by many of this man, how much evil he hath done to thy saints at Jerusalem: ... And here he hath authority from the chief priests to bind all that call on thy name.

being:

Matthew 2:12 And being warned of God in a dream that they should not return to Herod, they departed into their own country another way.
Matthew 1:20 But while he thought on these things, behold, the angel of the Lord appeared unto him in a dream, saying, Joseph, thou son of David, fear not to take unto thee Mary thy wife: for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Ghost.
Psalms 48:14 For this God [is] our God for ever and ever: he will be our guide [even] unto death.
Psalms 73:24 Thou shalt guide me with thy counsel, and afterward receive me [to] glory.
Psalms 107:6-7 Then they cried unto the LORD in their trouble, [and] he delivered them out of their distresses. ... And he led them forth by the right way, that they might go to a city of habitation.
Psalms 121:8 The LORD shall preserve thy going out and thy coming in from this time forth, and even for evermore.
Isaiah 30:21 And thine ears shall hear a word behind thee, saying, This [is] the way, walk ye in it, when ye turn to the right hand, and when ye turn to the left.
Isaiah 48:17-18 Thus saith the LORD, thy Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel; I [am] the LORD thy God which teacheth thee to profit, which leadeth thee by the way [that] thou shouldest go. ... O that thou hadst hearkened to my commandments! then had thy peace been as a river, and thy righteousness as the waves of the sea:

into:

Matthew 3:13 Then cometh Jesus from Galilee to Jordan unto John, to be baptized of him.
Luke 2:39 And when they had performed all things according to the law of the Lord, they returned into Galilee, to their own city Nazareth.
John 7:41-42 Others said, This is the Christ. But some said, Shall Christ come out of Galilee? ... Hath not the scripture said, That Christ cometh of the seed of David, and out of the town of Bethlehem, where David was?
John 7:52 They answered and said unto him, Art thou also of Galilee? Search, and look: for out of Galilee ariseth no prophet.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 19:17. 1S 16:2. Ps 48:14; 73:24; 107:6; 121:8. Is 30:21; 48:17. Mt 1:20; 2:12; 3:13. Lk 2:39. Jn 7:41, 52. Ac 9:13.

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