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Matthew 2:19 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But when Herod was dead, behold, an angel of the Lord appeareth in a dream to Joseph in Egypt, saying,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But when Herod was dead, behold, an angel of the Lord appeareth in a dream to Joseph in Egypt,
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But when Herod died, behold, an angel of the Lord *appeared in a dream to Joseph in Egypt, and said,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But when Herod was dead, behold, an angel of the Lord appeareth in a dream to Joseph in Egypt,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But Herod having died, behold, an angel of [the] Lord appears in a dream to Joseph in Egypt, saying,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, when Herod was, dead, lo! a messenger of the Lord, appeareth by dream unto Joseph in Egypt;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Herod having died, lo, a messenger of the Lord in a dream doth appear to Joseph in Egypt,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But when Herod was dead, behold an angel of the Lord appeared in sleep to Joseph in Egypt,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But when Herode was dead, behold, an Angel of the Lord appeareth in a dreame to Ioseph in Egypt,
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— BUT when Herodes, the king, was dead, the angel of the Lord appeared in a dream to Jauseph in Metsreen,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— But when king Herod was dead, an angel of the Lord appeared in a dream to Joseph in Egypt,

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
when Herod 2264
{2264} Prime
Ἡρῴδης
Herodes
{hay-ro'-dace}
Compound of ἥρως [[heros]] (a 'hero') and G1491; heroic; Herodes, the name of four Jewish kings.
was dead, 5053
{5053} Prime
τελευτάω
teleutao
{tel-yoo-tah'-o}
From a presumed derivative of G5055; to finish life (by implication of G0979), that is, expire (demise).
z5660
<5660> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 714
behold, 2400
{2400} Prime
ἰδού
idou
{id-oo'}
Second person singular imperative middle voice of G1492; used as imperative lo!.
z5628
<5628> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 459
an angel 32
{0032} Prime
ἄγγελος
aggelos
{ang'-el-os}
From ἀγγέλλω [[aggello]] (probably derived from G0071; compare G0034; to bring tidings); a messenger; especially an 'angel'; by implication a pastor.
of the Lord 2962
{2962} Prime
κύριος
kurios
{koo'-ree-os}
From κῦρος [[kuros]] (supremacy); supreme in authority, that is, (as noun) controller; by implication Mr. (as a respectful title).
appeareth 5316
{5316} Prime
φαίνω
phaino
{fah'-ee-no}
Prolongation for the base of G5457; to lighten (shine), that is, show (transitive or intransitive, literal or figurative).
z5727
<5727> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Either Middle or Passive (See G5787)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 10
in 2596
{2596} Prime
κατά
kata
{kat-ah'}
A primary particle; (preposition) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case [genitive, dative or accusative] with which it is joined).
a dream 3677
{3677} Prime
ὄναρ
onar
{on'-ar}
Of uncertain derivation; a dream.
to Joseph 2501
{2501} Prime
Ἰωσήφ
Ioseph
{ee-o-safe'}
Of Hebrew origin [H3130]; Joseph, the name of seven Israelites.
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
Egypt, 125
{0125} Prime
Αἴγυπτος
Aiguptos
{ah'-ee-goop-tos}
Of uncertain derivation; AEgyptus, the land of the Nile.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Matthew 2:19

_ _ But when Herod was dead — Miserable Herod! Thou thoughtest thyself safe from a dreaded Rival; but it was He only that was safe from thee; and thou hast not long enjoyed even this fancied security. See on Matthew 2:15.

_ _ behold, an angel of the Lord appeareth in a dream to Joseph in Egypt — Our translators, somewhat capriciously, render the same expression “the angel of the Lord,” Matthew 1:20; Matthew 2:13; and “an angel of the Lord,” as here. As the same angel appears to have been employed on all these high occasions — and most likely he to whom in Luke is given the name of “Gabriel,” Luke 1:19, Luke 1:26 — perhaps it should in every instance except the first, be rendered “the angel.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Matthew 2:19-23

_ _ We have here Christ's return out of Egypt into the land of Israel again. Egypt may serve to sojourn in, or take shelter in, for a while, but not to abide in. Christ was sent to the lost sheep of the house of Israel, and therefore to them he must return. Observe,

_ _ I. What it was that made way for his return — the death of Herod, which happened not long after the murder of the infants; some think not above three months. Such quick work did divine vengeance make! Note, Herods must die; proud tyrants, that were the terror of the mighty, and the oppressors of the godly, in the land of the living, their day must come to fall, and down to the pit they must go. Who art thou then, that thou shouldest be afraid of a man that shall die? (Isaiah 51:12, Isaiah 51:13) especially considering that at death, not only their envy and hatred are perished (Ecclesiastes 9:6), and they cease from troubling (Job 3:17), but they are punished. Of all sins, the guilt of innocent blood fills the measure soonest. It is a dreadful account which Josephus gives of the death of this same Herod (Antiq. 17.146-199), that he was seized with a disease which burned him inwardly with an inexpressible torture; that he was insatiably greedy of meat; had the colic, and gout, and dropsy; such an intolerable stench attended his disease, that none could come near him: and so passionate and impatient was he, that he was a torment to himself, and a terror to all that attended him: his innate cruelty, being thus exasperated, made him more barbarous than ever; having ordered his own son to be put to death, he imprisoned many of the nobility and gentry, and ordered that as soon as he was dead they should be killed; but that execution was prevented. See what kind of men have been the enemies and persecutors of Christ and his followers! Few have opposed Christianity but such as have first divested themselves of humanity, as Nero and Domitian.

_ _ II. The orders given from heaven concerning their return, and Joseph's obedience to those orders, Matthew 2:19-21. God had sent Joseph into Egypt, and there he staid till the same that brought him thither ordered him thence. Note, In all our removes, it is good to see our way plain, and God going before us; we should not move either one way or the other without order. These orders were sent him by an angel. Note, Our intercourse with God, if it be kept up on our part, shall be kept up on his, wherever we are. No place can exclude God's gracious visits. Angels come to Joseph in Egypt, to Ezekiel in Babylon, and to John in Patmos. Now, 1. The angel informs him of the death of Herod and his accomplices: They are dead, which sought the young Child's life. They are dead, but the young Child lives. Persecuted saints sometimes live to tread upon the graves of their persecutors. Thus did the church's King weather the storm, and many a one has the church in like manner weathered. They are dead, to wit, Herod and his son Antipater, who, though there were mutual jealousies between them, yet, probably, concurred in seeking the destruction of this new King. If Herod first kill Antipater, and then die himself, the coasts are cleared, and the Lord is known by the judgments which he executes, when one wicked instrument is in the ruin of another. 2. He directs him what to do. He must go and return to the land of Israel; and he did so without delay; not pleading the tolerably good settlement he had in Egypt, or the inconveniences of the journey, especially if, as is supposed, it was in the beginning of winter that Herod died. God's people follow his direction whithersoever he leads them, wherever he lodges them. Did we but look upon the world as our Egypt, the place of our bondage and banishment, and heaven only as our Canaan, our home, our rest, we should as readily arise, and depart thither, when we are called for, as Joseph did out of Egypt.

_ _ III. The further direction he had from God, which way to steer, and where to fix in the land of Israel, Matthew 2:22, Matthew 2:23. God could have given him these instructions with the former, but God reveals his mind to his people by degrees, to keep them still waiting on him, and expecting to hear further from him. These orders Joseph received in a dream, probably, as those before, by the ministration of an angel. God could have signified his will to Joseph by the Child Jesus, but we do not find that in those removes he either takes notice, or gives notice, of any thing that occurred; surely it was because in all things it behoved him to be made like his brethren; being a Child, he spake as a child, and did as a child, and drew a veil over his infinite knowledge and power; as a child he increased in wisdom.

_ _ Now the direction given this holy, royal family, is, 1. That it might not settle in Judea, Matthew 2:22. Joseph might think that Jesus, being born in Bethlehem, must be brought up there; yet he is prudently afraid for the young Child, because he hears that Archelaus reigns in Herod's stead, not over all the kingdom as his father did, but only over Judea, the other provinces being put into other hands. See what a succession of enemies there is to fight against Christ and his church! If one drop off, another presently appears, to keep up the old enmity. But for this reason Joseph must not take the young Child into Judea. Note, God will not thrust his children into the mouth of danger, but when it is for his own glory and their trial; for precious in the sight of the Lord are the life and the death of his saints; precious is their blood to him.

_ _ 2. That it must settle in Galilee, Matthew 2:22. There Philip now ruled, who was a mild, quiet, man. Note, The providence of God commonly so orders it, that his people shall not want a quiet retreat from the storm and from the tempest; when one climate becomes hot and scorching, another shall be kept more cool and temperate. Galilee lay far north; Samaria lay between it and Judea; thither they were sent, to Nazareth, a city upon a hill, in the centre of the lot of Zebulun; there the mother of our Lord lived, when she conceived that holy thing; and, probably, Joseph lived there too, Luke 1:26, Luke 1:27. Thither they were sent, and there they were well known, and were among their relations; the most proper place for them to be in. There they continued, and from thence our Saviour was called Jesus of Nazareth, which was to the Jews a stumbling-block, for, Can any good thing come out of Nazareth?

_ _ In this is said to be fulfilled what was spoken by the prophets, He shall be called a Nazarene. Which may be looked upon, (1.) As a man of honour and dignity, though primarily it signifies no more than a man of Nazareth; there is an allusion or mystery in speaking it, speaking Christ to be, [1.] The Man, the Branch, spoken of, Isaiah 11:1. The word there is Netzar, which signifies either a branch, or the city of Nazareth; in being denominated from that city, he is declared to be that Branch. [2.] It speaks him to be the great Nazarite; of whom the legal Nazarites were a type and figure (especially Samson, Judges 13:5), and Joseph, who is called a Nazarite among his brethren (Genesis 49:26), and to whom that which was prescribed concerning the Nazarites, has reference, Numbers 6:2, etc. Not that Christ was, strictly, a Nazarite, for he drank wine, and touched dead bodies; but he was eminently so, both as he was singularly holy, and as he was by a solemn designation and dedication set apart to the honour of God in the work of our redemption, as Samson was to save Israel. And it is a name we have all reason to rejoice in, and to know him by. Or, (2.) As a name of reproach and contempt. To be called a Nazarene, was to be called a despicable man, a man from whom no good was to be expected, and to whom no respect was to be paid. The devil first fastened this name upon Christ, to render him mean, and prejudice people against him, and it stuck as a nickname to him and his followers. Now this was not particularly foretold by any one prophet, but, in general, it was spoken by the prophets, that he should be despised and rejected of men (Isaiah 53:2, Isaiah 53:3), a Worm, and no man (Psalms 22:6, Psalms 22:7), that he should be an Alien to his brethren Psalms 69:7, Psalms 69:8. Let no name of reproach for religion's sake seem hard to us, when our Master was himself called a Nazarene.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Matthew 2:19

(3) But when Herod was dead, behold, an angel of the Lord appeareth in a dream to Joseph in Egypt,

(3) Christ is brought up in Nazareth, after the death of the tyrant by God's providence: that by the very name of the place it might plainly appear to the world that he is the Lord's true Nazarite.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Herod:

Psalms 76:10 Surely the wrath of man shall praise thee: the remainder of wrath shalt thou restrain.
Isaiah 51:12 I, [even] I, [am] he that comforteth you: who [art] thou, that thou shouldest be afraid of a man [that] shall die, and of the son of man [which] shall be made [as] grass;
Daniel 8:25 And through his policy also he shall cause craft to prosper in his hand; and he shall magnify [himself] in his heart, and by peace shall destroy many: he shall also stand up against the Prince of princes; but he shall be broken without hand.
Daniel 11:45 And he shall plant the tabernacles of his palace between the seas in the glorious holy mountain; yet he shall come to his end, and none shall help him.

an:

Matthew 2:13 And when they were departed, behold, the angel of the Lord appeareth to Joseph in a dream, saying, Arise, and take the young child and his mother, and flee into Egypt, and be thou there until I bring thee word: for Herod will seek the young child to destroy him.
Matthew 1:20 But while he thought on these things, behold, the angel of the Lord appeared unto him in a dream, saying, Joseph, thou son of David, fear not to take unto thee Mary thy wife: for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Ghost.
Psalms 139:7 Whither shall I go from thy spirit? or whither shall I flee from thy presence?
Jeremiah 30:10 Therefore fear thou not, O my servant Jacob, saith the LORD; neither be dismayed, O Israel: for, lo, I will save thee from afar, and thy seed from the land of their captivity; and Jacob shall return, and shall be in rest, and be quiet, and none shall make [him] afraid.
Ezekiel 11:16 Therefore say, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Although I have cast them far off among the heathen, and although I have scattered them among the countries, yet will I be to them as a little sanctuary in the countries where they shall come.
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Ps 76:10; 139:7. Is 51:12. Jr 30:10. Ezk 11:16. Dn 8:25; 11:45. Mt 1:20; 2:13.

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