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Matthew 19:30 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But many shall be last [that are] first; and first [that are] last.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But many [that are] first shall be last; and the last [shall be] first.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “But many [who are] first will be last; and [the] last, first.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But many [that are] first shall be last, and the last [shall be] first.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But many first shall be last, and last first.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But many shall be—first-last, and last-first.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and many first shall be last, and last first.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And many that are first, shall be last: and the last shall be first.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But many that are first, shall be last, and the last shall be first.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Many however are first who shall be last, and the last first.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— But there are many first who shall be last, and last [who shall be] first.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
many 4183
{4183} Prime
πολύς
polus
{pol-oos'}
Including the forms from the alternate 'pollos'; (singular) much (in any respect) or (plural) many; neuter (singular) as adverb largely; neuter (plural) as adverb or noun often, mostly, largely.
[that are] first 4413
{4413} Prime
πρῶτος
protos
{pro'-tos}
Contracted superlative of G4253; foremost (in time, place, order or importance).
shall be 2071
{2071} Prime
ἔσομαι
esomai
{es'-om-ahee}
Future tense of G1510; will be.
z5704
<5704> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 188
last; 2078
{2078} Prime
ἔσχατος
eschatos
{es'-khat-os}
A superlative probably from G2192 (in the sense of contiguity); farthest, final (of place or time).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the last 2078
{2078} Prime
ἔσχατος
eschatos
{es'-khat-os}
A superlative probably from G2192 (in the sense of contiguity); farthest, final (of place or time).
[shall be] first. 4413
{4413} Prime
πρῶτος
protos
{pro'-tos}
Contracted superlative of G4253; foremost (in time, place, order or importance).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 19:16-30.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 19:23-30.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Matthew 19:30

But many first — Many of those who were first called, shall be last — Shall have the lowest reward: those who came after them being preferred before them: and yet possibly both the first and the last may be saved, though with different degrees of glory. Matthew 20:16; Mark 10:31; Luke 13:30.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Matthew 19:30

(8) But many [that are] first shall be last; and the last [shall be] first.

(8) To have begun well, and not to continue unto the end, is not only unprofitable, but also hurts very much.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Matthew 8:11-12 And I say unto you, That many shall come from the east and west, and shall sit down with Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob, in the kingdom of heaven. ... But the children of the kingdom shall be cast out into outer darkness: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.
Matthew 20:16 So the last shall be first, and the first last: for many be called, but few chosen.
Matthew 21:31-32 Whether of them twain did the will of [his] father? They say unto him, The first. Jesus saith unto them, Verily I say unto you, That the publicans and the harlots go into the kingdom of God before you. ... For John came unto you in the way of righteousness, and ye believed him not: but the publicans and the harlots believed him: and ye, when ye had seen [it], repented not afterward, that ye might believe him.
Mark 10:31 But many [that are] first shall be last; and the last first.
Luke 7:29-30 And all the people that heard [him], and the publicans, justified God, being baptized with the baptism of John. ... But the Pharisees and lawyers rejected the counsel of God against themselves, being not baptized of him.
Luke 13:30 And, behold, there are last which shall be first, and there are first which shall be last.
Luke 18:13-14 And the publican, standing afar off, would not lift up so much as [his] eyes unto heaven, but smote upon his breast, saying, God be merciful to me a sinner. ... I tell you, this man went down to his house justified [rather] than the other: for every one that exalteth himself shall be abased; and he that humbleth himself shall be exalted.
Romans 5:20-21 Moreover the law entered, that the offence might abound. But where sin abounded, grace did much more abound: ... That as sin hath reigned unto death, even so might grace reign through righteousness unto eternal life by Jesus Christ our Lord.
Romans 9:30-33 What shall we say then? That the Gentiles, which followed not after righteousness, have attained to righteousness, even the righteousness which is of faith. ... As it is written, Behold, I lay in Sion a stumblingstone and rock of offence: and whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed.
Galatians 5:7 Ye did run well; who did hinder you that ye should not obey the truth?
Hebrews 4:1 Let us therefore fear, lest, a promise being left [us] of entering into his rest, any of you should seem to come short of it.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Mt 8:11; 20:16; 21:31. Mk 10:31. Lk 7:29; 13:30; 18:13. Ro 5:20; 9:30. Ga 5:7. He 4:1.

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