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Matthew 17:22 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And while they abode in Galilee, Jesus said unto them, The Son of man shall be delivered up into the hands of men;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And while they abode in Galilee, Jesus said unto them, The Son of man shall be betrayed into the hands of men:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And while they were gathering together in Galilee, Jesus said to them, “The Son of Man is going to be delivered into the hands of men;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And while they abode in Galilee, Jesus said to them, The Son of man will be betrayed into the hands of men:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And while they abode in Galilee, Jesus said to them, The Son of man is about to be delivered up into [the] hands of men,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, as they were being gathered together in Galilee, Jesus said unto them—The Son of Man is about to be delivered up into the hands of men;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And while they are living in Galilee, Jesus said to them, 'The Son of Man is about to be delivered up to the hands of men,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And when they abode together in Galilee, Jesus said to them: The Son of man shall be betrayed into the hands of men:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And while they abode in Galilee, Iesus said vnto them, The sonne of man shall be betraied into the hands of men:
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— WHEN they had returned into Galila, Jeshu said to them, It is coming that the Son of man shall be delivered into the hands of men,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And while they were resident in Galilee, Jesus said to them: The Son of man is to be betrayed into the hands of men;

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
while they 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
abode 390
{0390} Prime
ἀναστρέφω
anastrepho
{an-as-tref'-o}
From G0303 and G4762; to overturn; also to return; by implication to busy oneself, that is, remain, live.
z5746
<5746> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 360
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
Galilee, 1056
{1056} Prime
Γαλιλαία
Galilaia
{gal-il-ah'-yah}
Of hebrew origin [H1551]; Galilaea (that is, the heathen circle), a region of Palestine.
Jesus 2424
{2424} Prime
Ἰησοῦς
Iesous
{ee-ay-sooce'}
Of Hebrew origin [H3091]; Jesus (that is, Jehoshua), the name of our Lord and two (three) other Israelites.
said 2036
{2036} Prime
ἔπω
epo
{ep'-o}
A primary verb (used only in the definite past tense, the others being borrowed from G2046, G4483 and G5346); to speak or say (by word or writting).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
unto them, 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
The x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
Son 5207
{5207} Prime
υἱός
huios
{hwee-os'}
Apparently a primary word; a 'son' (sometimes of animals), used very widely of immediate, remote or figurative kinship.
of man 444
{0444} Prime
ἄνθρωπος
anthropos
{anth'-ro-pos}
From G0435 and ὤψ [[ops]] (the countenance; from G3700); manfaced, that is, a human being.
shall x3195
(3195) Complement
μέλλω
mello
{mel'-lo}
A strengthened form of G3199 (through the idea of expectation); to intend, that is, be about to be, do, or suffer something (of persons or things, especially events; in the sense of purpose, duty, necessity, probability, possibility, or hesitation).
be y3195
[3195] Standard
μέλλω
mello
{mel'-lo}
A strengthened form of G3199 (through the idea of expectation); to intend, that is, be about to be, do, or suffer something (of persons or things, especially events; in the sense of purpose, duty, necessity, probability, possibility, or hesitation).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
betrayed 3860
{3860} Prime
παραδίδωμι
paradidomi
{par-ad-id'-o-mee}
From G3844 and G1325; to surrender, that is, yield up, intrust, transmit.
z5745
<5745> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 105
into 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
the hands 5495
{5495} Prime
χείρ
cheir
{khire}
Perhaps from the base of G5494 in the sense of its congener the base of G5490 (through the idea of hollowness for grasping); the hand (literally or figuratively [power]; especially [by Hebraism] a means or instrument).
of men: 444
{0444} Prime
ἄνθρωπος
anthropos
{anth'-ro-pos}
From G0435 and ὤψ [[ops]] (the countenance; from G3700); manfaced, that is, a human being.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Matthew 17:22

_ _ Matthew 17:22, Matthew 17:23. Second announcement of His death.

_ _ And while they abode in Galilee, Jesus said unto them — Mark (Mark 9:30), as usual, is very precise here: “And they departed thence” — that is, from the scene of the last miracle — “and passed through Galilee; and He would not that any man should know it.” So this was not a preaching, but a private, journey through Galilee. Indeed, His public ministry in Galilee was now all but concluded. Though He sent out the Seventy after this to preach and heal, He Himself was little more in public there, and He was soon to bid it a final adieu. Till this hour arrived, He was chiefly occupied with the Twelve, preparing them for the coming events.

_ _ The Son of man shall be betrayed into the hands of men ... And they were exceeding sorry — Though the shock would not be so great as at the first announcement (Matthew 16:21, Matthew 16:22), their “sorrow” would not be the less, but probably the greater, the deeper the intelligence went down into their hearts, and a new wave dashing upon them by this repetition of the heavy tidings. Accordingly, Luke (Luke 9:43, Luke 9:44), connecting it with the scene of the miracle just recorded, and the teaching which arose out of it — or possibly with all His recent teaching — says our Lord forewarned the Twelve that they would soon stand in need of all that teaching: “But while they wondered every one at all things which Jesus did, He said unto His disciples, Let these sayings sink down into your ears; for the Son of man shall be delivered,” etc.: “Be not carried off your feet by the grandeur you have lately seen in Me, but remember what I have told you, and now tell you again, that that Sun in whose beams ye now rejoice is soon to set in midnight gloom.” Remarkable is the antithesis in those words of our Lord preserved in all the three narratives — “The son of man shall be betrayed into the hands of men.” Luke adds (Luke 9:45) that “they understood not this saying, and it was hid from them, that they perceived it not” — for the plainest statements, when they encounter long-continued and obstinate prejudices, are seen through a distorting and dulling medium — “and were afraid to ask Him”; deterred partly by the air of lofty sadness with which doubtless these sayings were uttered, and on which they would be reluctant to break in, and partly by the fear of laying themselves open to rebuke for their shallowness and timidity. How artless is all this!

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Matthew 17:22-23

_ _ Christ here foretels his own sufferings; he began to do it before (Matthew 16:21); and, finding that it was to his disciples a hard saying, he saw it necessary to repeat it. There are some things which God speaketh once, yea twice, and yet man perceiveth it not. Observe here,

_ _ 1. What he foretold concerning himself — that he should be betrayed and killed. He perfectly knew, before, all things that should come to him, and yet undertook the work of our redemption, which greatly commends his love; nay, his clear foresight of them was a kind of ante-passion, had not his love to man made all easy to him.

_ _ (1.) He tells them that he should be betrayed into the hands of men. He shall be delivered up (so it might be read and understood of his Father's delivering him up by his determined counsel and fore-knowledge, Acts 2:23; Romans 8:32); but as we render it, it refers to Judas's betraying him into the hands of the priests, and their betraying him into the hands of the Romans. He was betrayed into the hands of men; men to whom he was allied by nature, and from whom therefore he might expect pity and tenderness; men whom he had undertaken to save, and from whom therefore he might expect honour and gratitude; yet these are his persecutors and murderers.

_ _ (2.) That they should kill him; nothing less than that would satisfy their rage; it was his blood, his precious blood, that they thirsted after. This is the heir, come, let us kill him. Nothing less would satisfy God's justice, and answer his undertaking; if he be a Sacrifice of atonement, he must be killed; without blood no remission.

_ _ (3.) That he shall be raised again the third day. Still, when he spoke of his death, he gave a hint of his resurrection, the joy set before him, in the prospect of which he endured the cross, and despised the shame. This was an encouragement, not only to him, but to his disciples; for if he rise the third day, his absence from them will not be long, and his return to them will be glorious.

_ _ 2. How the disciples received this; They were exceedingly sorry. Herein appeared their love to their Master's person, but with all their ignorance and mistake concerning his undertaking. Peter indeed durst not say any thing against it, as he had done before (Matthew 16:22), having then been severely chidden for it; but he, and the rest of them, greatly lamented it, as it would be their own loss, their Master's grief, and the sin and ruin of them that did it.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Matthew 17:22

Mark 9:30; Luke 9:44.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Matthew 17:22

(5) And while they abode in Galilee, Jesus said unto them, The Son of man shall be betrayed into the hands of men:

(5) Our minds must be prepared more and more for the offence of the cross.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
The Son:

Matthew 16:21 From that time forth began Jesus to shew unto his disciples, how that he must go unto Jerusalem, and suffer many things of the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and be raised again the third day.
Matthew 20:17-18 And Jesus going up to Jerusalem took the twelve disciples apart in the way, and said unto them, ... Behold, we go up to Jerusalem; and the Son of man shall be betrayed unto the chief priests and unto the scribes, and they shall condemn him to death,
Mark 8:31 And he began to teach them, that the Son of man must suffer many things, and be rejected of the elders, and [of] the chief priests, and scribes, and be killed, and after three days rise again.
Mark 9:30-31 And they departed thence, and passed through Galilee; and he would not that any man should know [it]. ... For he taught his disciples, and said unto them, The Son of man is delivered into the hands of men, and they shall kill him; and after that he is killed, he shall rise the third day.
Mark 10:33-34 [Saying], Behold, we go up to Jerusalem; and the Son of man shall be delivered unto the chief priests, and unto the scribes; and they shall condemn him to death, and shall deliver him to the Gentiles: ... And they shall mock him, and shall scourge him, and shall spit upon him, and shall kill him: and the third day he shall rise again.
Luke 9:22 Saying, The Son of man must suffer many things, and be rejected of the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be slain, and be raised the third day.
Luke 9:44 Let these sayings sink down into your ears: for the Son of man shall be delivered into the hands of men.
Luke 18:31-34 Then he took [unto him] the twelve, and said unto them, Behold, we go up to Jerusalem, and all things that are written by the prophets concerning the Son of man shall be accomplished. ... And they understood none of these things: and this saying was hid from them, neither knew they the things which were spoken.
Luke 24:6-7 He is not here, but is risen: remember how he spake unto you when he was yet in Galilee, ... Saying, The Son of man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men, and be crucified, and the third day rise again.
Luke 24:26 Ought not Christ to have suffered these things, and to enter into his glory?
Luke 24:46 And said unto them, Thus it is written, and thus it behoved Christ to suffer, and to rise from the dead the third day:

betrayed:

Matthew 24:10 And then shall many be offended, and shall betray one another, and shall hate one another.
Matthew 26:16 And from that time he sought opportunity to betray him.
Matthew 26:46 Rise, let us be going: behold, he is at hand that doth betray me.
Acts 7:52 Which of the prophets have not your fathers persecuted? and they have slain them which shewed before of the coming of the Just One; of whom ye have been now the betrayers and murderers:
1 Corinthians 11:23 For I have received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you, That the Lord Jesus the [same] night in which he was betrayed took bread:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Mt 16:21; 20:17; 24:10; 26:16, 46. Mk 8:31; 9:30; 10:33. Lk 9:22, 44; 18:31; 24:6, 26, 46. Ac 7:52. 1Co 11:23.

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