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Matthew 16:18 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And I also say unto thee, that thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of Hades shall not prevail against it.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “I also say to you that you are Peter, and upon this rock I will build My church; and the gates of Hades will not overpower it.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And I say also to thee, that thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church: and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And *I* also, I say unto thee that *thou* art Peter, and on this rock I will build my assembly, and hades' gates shall not prevail against it.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, I also, unto thee, say—Thou, art Peter,—and, upon this rock, will I build my assembly, and, the gates of hades, shall not prevail against it.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'And I also say to thee, that thou art a rock, and upon this rock I will build my assembly, and gates of Hades shall not prevail against it;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And I say to thee: That thou art Peter; and upon this rock I will build my church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And I say also vnto thee, that thou art Peter, and vpon this rocke I will build my Church: and the gates of hell shall not preuaile against it.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Also I say unto thee, that thou art Kipha, and upon this rock will I build my church, and the gates of Sheul shall not prevail against her.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Also I say to thee, that thou art Cephas: and upon this rock, I will build my church: and the gates of death shall not triumph over it.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
I say y3004
[3004] Standard
λέγω
lego
{leg'-o}
A primary verb; properly to 'lay' forth, that is, (figuratively) relate (in words [usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue]); by implication to mean.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
also 2504
{2504} Prime
κἀγώ
kago
{kag-o'}
So also the dative (second form) and accusative (third form); from G2532 and G1473; and (or also, even, etc.) I, (to) me.
x3004
(3004) Complement
λέγω
lego
{leg'-o}
A primary verb; properly to 'lay' forth, that is, (figuratively) relate (in words [usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue]); by implication to mean.
unto thee, 4671
{4671} Prime
σοί
soi
{soy}
Dative case of G4771; to thee.
That 3754
{3754} Prime
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
thou 4771
{4771} Prime
σύ
su
{soo}
The personal pronoun of the second person singular; thou.
art 1488
{1488} Prime
εῖ
ei
{i}
Second parson singular present of G1510; thou art.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
Peter, 4074
{4074} Prime
Πέτρος
Petros
{pet'-ros}
Apparently a primary word; a (piece of) rock (larger than G3037); as a name, Petrus, an apostle.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
upon 1909
{1909} Prime
ἐπί
epi
{ep-ee'}
A primary preposition properly meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution [with the genitive case], that is, over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
this 5026
{5026} Prime
ταύτῃ
taute
{tow'-tay}
Dative, accusative and genitive case respectively of the feminine singular of G3778; (towards or of) this.
rock 4073
{4073} Prime
πέτρα
petra
{pet'-ra}
Feminine of the same as G4074; a (mass of) rock (literally or figuratively).
I will build 3618
{3618} Prime
οἰκοδομέω
oikodomeo
{oy-kod-om-eh'-o}
From the same as G3619; to be a house builder, that is, construct or (figuratively) confirm.
z5692
<5692> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 814
my 3450
{3450} Prime
μοῦ
mou
{moo}
The simpler from of G1700; of me.
church; 1577
{1577} Prime
ἐκκλησία
ekklesia
{ek-klay-see'-ah}
From a compound of G1537 and a derivative of G2564; a calling out, that is, (concretely) a popular meeting, especially a religious congregation (Jewish synagogue, or Christian community of members on earth or saints in heaven or both).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the gates 4439
{4439} Prime
πύλη
pule
{poo'-lay}
Apparently a primary word; a gate, that is, the leaf or wing of a folding entrance (literally or figuratively).
of hell 86
{0086} Prime
ᾅδης
hades
{hah'-dace}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and G1492; properly unseen, that is, 'Hades' or the place (state) of departed souls.
shall y2729
[2729] Standard
κατισχύω
katischuo
{kat-is-khoo'-o}
From G2596 and G2480; to overpower.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
prevail against 2729
{2729} Prime
κατισχύω
katischuo
{kat-is-khoo'-o}
From G2596 and G2480; to overpower.
z5692
<5692> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 814
it. 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Matthew 16:18

_ _ And I say also unto thee — that is, “As thou hast borne such testimony to Me, even so in return do I to thee.”

_ _ That thou art Peter — At his first calling, this new name was announced to him as an honor afterwards to be conferred on him (John 1:43). Now he gets it, with an explanation of what it was meant to convey.

_ _ and upon this rock — As “Peter” and “Rock” are one word in the dialect familiarly spoken by our Lord — the Aramaic or Syro-Chaldaic, which was the mother tongue of the country — this exalted play upon the word can be fully seen only in languages which have one word for both. Even in the Greek it is imperfectly represented. In French, as Webster and Wilkinson remark, it is perfect, Pierre — pierre.

_ _ I will build my Church — not on the man Simon Bar-jona; but on him as the heavenly-taught confessor of a faith. “My Church,” says our Lord, calling the Church HIS OWN; a magnificent expression regarding Himself, remarks Bengel — nowhere else occurring in the Gospels.

_ _ and the gates of hell — “of Hades,” or, the unseen world; meaning, the gates of Death: in other words, “It shall never perish.” Some explain it of “the assaults of the powers of darkness”; but though that expresses a glorious truth, probably the former is the sense here.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 16:13-20.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Matthew 16:18

On this rock — Alluding to his name, which signifies a rock, namely, the faith which thou hast now professed; I will build my Church — But perhaps when our Lord uttered these words, he pointed to himself, in like manner as when he said, Destroy this temple, John 2:19; meaning the temple of his body. And it is certain, that as he is spoken of in Scripture, as the only foundation of the Church, so this is that which the apostles and evangelists laid in their preaching. It is in respect of laying this, that the names of the twelve apostles (not of St. Peter only) were equally inscribed on the twelve foundations of the city of God, Revelation 21:14. The gates of hell — As gates and walls were the strength of cities, and as courts of judicature were held in their gates, this phrase properly signifies the power and policy of Satan and his instruments. Shall not prevail against it — Not against the Church universal, so as to destroy it. And they never did. There hath been a small remnant in all ages.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Matthew 16:18

(5) And I say also unto thee, That thou art (l) Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the (m) gates of hell shall not prevail against it.

(5) That is true faith, which confesses Christ, the virtue of which is invincible.

(l) Christ spoke in the Syrian tongue, and therefore did not use this discourse to distinguish between Petros, which signifies Peter, and Petra, which signifies a rock, but in both places used the word Cephas: but his meaning is what is written in Greek, in which the different word endings distinguish between Peter, who is a piece of the building, and Christ the Petra, that is, the rock and foundation: or else he named him Peter because of the confession of his faith, which is the Church's as well as his, as the old fathers witness, for so says Theophylact. That confession which you have made, shall be the foundation of the believers.

(m) The enemies of the Church are compared to a strong kingdom, and therefore by "gates" are meant cities which are made strong with wise preparation and fortifications, and this is the meaning: whatever Satan can do by cunning or strength. So does Paul, calling them strongholds; (2 Corinthians 10:4).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
thou:

Matthew 10:2 Now the names of the twelve apostles are these; The first, Simon, who is called Peter, and Andrew his brother; James [the son] of Zebedee, and John his brother;
John 1:42 And he brought him to Jesus. And when Jesus beheld him, he said, Thou art Simon the son of Jona: thou shalt be called Cephas, which is by interpretation, A stone.
Galatians 2:9 And when James, Cephas, and John, who seemed to be pillars, perceived the grace that was given unto me, they gave to me and Barnabas the right hands of fellowship; that we [should go] unto the heathen, and they unto the circumcision.

upon:

Isaiah 28:16 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD, Behold, I lay in Zion for a foundation a stone, a tried stone, a precious corner [stone], a sure foundation: he that believeth shall not make haste.
1 Corinthians 3:10-11 According to the grace of God which is given unto me, as a wise masterbuilder, I have laid the foundation, and another buildeth thereon. But let every man take heed how he buildeth thereupon. ... For other foundation can no man lay than that is laid, which is Jesus Christ.
Ephesians 2:19-22 Now therefore ye are no more strangers and foreigners, but fellowcitizens with the saints, and of the household of God; ... In whom ye also are builded together for an habitation of God through the Spirit.
Revelation 21:14 And the wall of the city had twelve foundations, and in them the names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb.

I will:

Zechariah 6:12-13 And speak unto him, saying, Thus speaketh the LORD of hosts, saying, Behold the man whose name [is] The BRANCH; and he shall grow up out of his place, and he shall build the temple of the LORD: ... Even he shall build the temple of the LORD; and he shall bear the glory, and shall sit and rule upon his throne; and he shall be a priest upon his throne: and the counsel of peace shall be between them both.
1 Corinthians 3:9 For we are labourers together with God: ye are God's husbandry, [ye are] God's building.
Hebrews 3:3-4 For this [man] was counted worthy of more glory than Moses, inasmuch as he who hath builded the house hath more honour than the house. ... For every house is builded by some [man]; but he that built all things [is] God.

my:

Matthew 18:17 And if he shall neglect to hear them, tell [it] unto the church: but if he neglect to hear the church, let him be unto thee as an heathen man and a publican.
Acts 2:47 Praising God, and having favour with all the people. And the Lord added to the church daily such as should be saved.
Acts 8:1 And Saul was consenting unto his death. And at that time there was a great persecution against the church which was at Jerusalem; and they were all scattered abroad throughout the regions of Judaea and Samaria, except the apostles.
Ephesians 3:10 To the intent that now unto the principalities and powers in heavenly [places] might be known by the church the manifold wisdom of God,
Ephesians 5:25-27 Husbands, love your wives, even as Christ also loved the church, and gave himself for it; ... That he might present it to himself a glorious church, not having spot, or wrinkle, or any such thing; but that it should be holy and without blemish.
Ephesians 5:32 This is a great mystery: but I speak concerning Christ and the church.
Colossians 1:18 And he is the head of the body, the church: who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead; that in all [things] he might have the preeminence.
1 Timothy 3:5 (For if a man know not how to rule his own house, how shall he take care of the church of God?)
1 Timothy 3:15 But if I tarry long, that thou mayest know how thou oughtest to behave thyself in the house of God, which is the church of the living God, the pillar and ground of the truth.

and the:

Genesis 22:17 That in blessing I will bless thee, and in multiplying I will multiply thy seed as the stars of the heaven, and as the sand which [is] upon the sea shore; and thy seed shall possess the gate of his enemies;
2 Samuel 18:4 And the king said unto them, What seemeth you best I will do. And the king stood by the gate side, and all the people came out by hundreds and by thousands.
Job 38:17 Have the gates of death been opened unto thee? or hast thou seen the doors of the shadow of death?
Psalms 9:13 Have mercy upon me, O LORD; consider my trouble [which I suffer] of them that hate me, thou that liftest me up from the gates of death:
Psalms 69:12 They that sit in the gate speak against me; and I [was] the song of the drunkards.
Psalms 107:18 Their soul abhorreth all manner of meat; and they draw near unto the gates of death.
Psalms 127:5 Happy [is] the man that hath his quiver full of them: they shall not be ashamed, but they shall speak with the enemies in the gate.
Proverbs 24:7 Wisdom [is] too high for a fool: he openeth not his mouth in the gate.
Isaiah 28:6 And for a spirit of judgment to him that sitteth in judgment, and for strength to them that turn the battle to the gate.
Isaiah 38:10 I said in the cutting off of my days, I shall go to the gates of the grave: I am deprived of the residue of my years.
1 Corinthians 15:55 O death, where [is] thy sting? O grave, where [is] thy victory?
*marg.

shall not:

Psalms 125:1-2 [[A Song of degrees.]] They that trust in the LORD [shall be] as mount Zion, [which] cannot be removed, [but] abideth for ever. ... As the mountains [are] round about Jerusalem, so the LORD [is] round about his people from henceforth even for ever.
Isaiah 54:17 No weapon that is formed against thee shall prosper; and every tongue [that] shall rise against thee in judgment thou shalt condemn. This [is] the heritage of the servants of the LORD, and their righteousness [is] of me, saith the LORD.
John 10:27-30 My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me: ... I and [my] Father are one.
Romans 8:33-39 Who shall lay any thing to the charge of God's elect? [It is] God that justifieth. ... Nor height, nor depth, nor any other creature, shall be able to separate us from the love of God, which is in Christ Jesus our Lord.
Hebrews 12:28 Wherefore we receiving a kingdom which cannot be moved, let us have grace, whereby we may serve God acceptably with reverence and godly fear:
Revelation 11:15 And the seventh angel sounded; and there were great voices in heaven, saying, The kingdoms of this world are become [the kingdoms] of our Lord, and of his Christ; and he shall reign for ever and ever.
Revelation 21:1-4 And I saw a new heaven and a new earth: for the first heaven and the first earth were passed away; and there was no more sea. ... And God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes; and there shall be no more death, neither sorrow, nor crying, neither shall there be any more pain: for the former things are passed away.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 22:17. 2S 18:4. Jb 38:17. Ps 9:13; 69:12; 107:18; 125:1; 127:5. Pv 24:7. Is 28:6, 16; 38:10; 54:17. Zc 6:12. Mt 10:2; 18:17. Jn 1:42; 10:27. Ac 2:47; 8:1. Ro 8:33. 1Co 3:9, 10; 15:55. Ga 2:9. Ep 2:19; 3:10; 5:25, 32. Col 1:18. 1Ti 3:5, 15. He 3:3; 12:28. Rv 11:15; 21:1, 14.

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The voice of Elohim scripture history declared that, Y'Shua, Immnauel his son, would built his one true church or kingdom. Matt.16;18.The doctrine of demon are the chruch of christ ,catholic and protestant teaching and doctrine1tim.4;1-4.
Elohim scriptures declared his son Immanuel, only built one true church,eph. 4;4, col.1;18.
Immanuel,Ammanuel, Emanuel one true church was built in 33. A.D. on the day of pentecost in jerusalem. This is the only church salvation and Eloah son,s, salvation comes through.Acts 4;12.
Yhwh salvation doesn,t comes through the gog of magog,Rev.20;7-8, pseudo god or his pseudo son jezus.This is a doctrine of demon 1tim. 4;1-4.Nor does it come through any tradition or church or doctrine of man.Matt. 15;8-9.
- NegOs A-Sir (11/5/2012 4:32:21 PM)
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