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Matthew 14:26 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And when the disciples saw him walking on the sea, they were troubled, saying, It is a ghost; and they cried out for fear.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And when the disciples saw him walking on the sea, they were troubled, saying, It is a spirit; and they cried out for fear.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— When the disciples saw Him walking on the sea, they were terrified, and said, “It is a ghost!” And they cried out in fear.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And when the disciples saw him walking on the sea, they were troubled, saying, It is a spirit; and they cried out for fear.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the disciples, seeing him walking on the sea, were troubled, saying, It is an apparition. And they cried out through fear.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, the disciples, seeing him, upon the lake walking, were troubled,—saying—It is, a ghost; and, by reason of their fear, they cried out.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and the disciples having seen him walking upon the sea, were troubled saying—'It is an apparition,' and from the fear they cried out;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And they seeing him walking upon the sea, were troubled, saying: It is an apparition. And they cried out for fear.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And when the Disciples saw him walking on the Sea, they were troubled, saying, It is a spirit: and they cried out for feare.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And the disciples beheld him walking on the waters, and they were troubled, saying, That it was a spectre; and from fear they cried out.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And his disciples saw him as he walked upon the waters, and they were perturbated: and they said, What we see is a spectre: and they cried out through fear.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
when the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
disciples 3101
{3101} Prime
μαθητής
mathetes
{math-ay-tes'}
From G3129; a learner, that is, pupil.
saw 1492
{1492} Prime
εἰδῶ
eido
{i-do'}
A primary verb; used only in certain past tenses, the others being borrowed from the equivalent, G3700 and G3708; properly to see (literally or figuratively); by implication (in the perfect only) to know.
z5631
<5631> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 889
him 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
walking 4043
{4043} Prime
περιπατέω
peripateo
{per-ee-pat-eh'-o}
From G4012 and G3961; to tread all around, that is, walk at large (especially as proof of ability); figuratively to live, deport oneself, follow (as a companion or votary).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
on 1909
{1909} Prime
ἐπί
epi
{ep-ee'}
A primary preposition properly meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution [with the genitive case], that is, over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
sea, 2281
{2281} Prime
θάλασσα
thalassa
{thal'-as-sah}
Probably prolonged from G0251; the sea (generally or specifically).
they were troubled, 5015
{5015} Prime
ταράσσω
tarasso
{tar-as'-so}
Of uncertain affinity; to stir or agitate (roil water).
z5681
<5681> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 602
saying, 3004
{3004} Prime
λέγω
lego
{leg'-o}
A primary verb; properly to 'lay' forth, that is, (figuratively) relate (in words [usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue]); by implication to mean.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
y3754
[3754] Standard
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
It is 2076
{2076} Prime
ἐστί
esti
{es-tee'}
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
a spirit; 5326
{5326} Prime
φάντασμα
phantasma
{fan'-tas-mah}
From G5324; (properly concretely) a (mere) show ('phantasm'), that is, spectre.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
they cried out 2896
{2896} Prime
κράζω
krazo
{krad'-zo}
A primary verb; properly to 'croak' (as a raven) or scream, that is, (generally) to call aloud (shriek, exclaim, intreat).
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
for 575
{0575} Prime
ἀπό
apo
{ap-o'}
A primary particle; 'off', that is, away (from something near), in various senses (of place, time, or relation; literally or figuratively).
fear. 5401
{5401} Prime
φόβος
phobos
{fob'-os}
From a primary φέβομαι [[phebomai]] (to be put in fear); alarm or fright.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 14:22-26.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 14:22-33.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Matthew 14:26

And when the disciples saw him walking on the sea, they were troubled, saying, It is a (d) spirit; and they cried out for fear.

(d) A spirit, as it is taken here, is that which a man imagines to himself vainly in his mind, persuading himself that he sees something when he sees nothing.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
they were:

1 Samuel 28:12-14 And when the woman saw Samuel, she cried with a loud voice: and the woman spake to Saul, saying, Why hast thou deceived me? for thou [art] Saul. ... And he said unto her, What form [is] he of? And she said, An old man cometh up; and he [is] covered with a mantle. And Saul perceived that it [was] Samuel, and he stooped with [his] face to the ground, and bowed himself.
Job 4:14-16 Fear came upon me, and trembling, which made all my bones to shake. ... It stood still, but I could not discern the form thereof: an image [was] before mine eyes, [there was] silence, and I heard a voice, [saying],
Daniel 10:6-12 His body also [was] like the beryl, and his face as the appearance of lightning, and his eyes as lamps of fire, and his arms and his feet like in colour to polished brass, and the voice of his words like the voice of a multitude. ... Then said he unto me, Fear not, Daniel: for from the first day that thou didst set thine heart to understand, and to chasten thyself before thy God, thy words were heard, and I am come for thy words.
Mark 6:49-50 But when they saw him walking upon the sea, they supposed it had been a spirit, and cried out: ... For they all saw him, and were troubled. And immediately he talked with them, and saith unto them, Be of good cheer: it is I; be not afraid.
Luke 1:11-12 And there appeared unto him an angel of the Lord standing on the right side of the altar of incense. ... And when Zacharias saw [him], he was troubled, and fear fell upon him.
Luke 24:5 And as they were afraid, and bowed down [their] faces to the earth, they said unto them, Why seek ye the living among the dead?
Luke 24:45 Then opened he their understanding, that they might understand the scriptures,
Acts 12:15 And they said unto her, Thou art mad. But she constantly affirmed that it was even so. Then said they, It is his angel.
Revelation 1:17 And when I saw him, I fell at his feet as dead. And he laid his right hand upon me, saying unto me, Fear not; I am the first and the last:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1S 28:12. Jb 4:14. Dn 10:6. Mk 6:49. Lk 1:11; 24:5, 45. Ac 12:15. Rv 1:17.

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