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Matthew 13:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And he spake to them many things in parables, saying, Behold, the sower went forth to sow;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And he spake many things unto them in parables, saying, Behold, a sower went forth to sow;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And He spoke many things to them in parables, saying, “Behold, the sower went out to sow;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And he spoke many things to them in parables, saying, Behold, a sower went forth to sow;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And he spoke to them many things in parables, saying, Behold, the sower went out to sow:
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And he spake unto them many things, in parables, saying: Lo! the sower went forth to sow,—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and he spake to them many things in similes, saying: 'Lo, the sower went forth to sow,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And he spoke to them many things in parables, saying: Behold the sower went forth to sow.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And hee spake many things vnto them in parables, saying, Behold, a sower went foorth to sow.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And he discoursed largely to them in parables, and said: Behold, there went forth a sower to sow;
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— An he discoursed with them much, by similitudes. And he said, Behold, a sower went forth to sow.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
he spake 2980
{2980} Prime
λαλέω
laleo
{lal-eh'-o}
A prolonged form of an otherwise obsolete verb; to talk, that is, utter words.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
many things 4183
{4183} Prime
πολύς
polus
{pol-oos'}
Including the forms from the alternate 'pollos'; (singular) much (in any respect) or (plural) many; neuter (singular) as adverb largely; neuter (plural) as adverb or noun often, mostly, largely.
unto them 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
parables, 3850
{3850} Prime
παραβολή
parabole
{par-ab-ol-ay'}
From G3846; a similitude ('parable'), that is, (symbolically) fictitious narrative (of common life conveying a moral), apoth gm or adage.
saying, 3004
{3004} Prime
λέγω
lego
{leg'-o}
A primary verb; properly to 'lay' forth, that is, (figuratively) relate (in words [usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue]); by implication to mean.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
Behold, 2400
{2400} Prime
ἰδού
idou
{id-oo'}
Second person singular imperative middle voice of G1492; used as imperative lo!.
z5628
<5628> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 459
a sower 4687
{4687} Prime
σπείρω
speiro
{spi'-ro}
Probably strengthened from G4685 (through the idea of extending); to scatter, that is, sow (literally or figuratively).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
went forth 1831
{1831} Prime
ἐξέρχομαι
exerchomai
{ex-er'-khom-ahee}
From G1537 and G2064; to issue (literally or figuratively).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
to sow; 4687
{4687} Prime
σπείρω
speiro
{spi'-ro}
Probably strengthened from G4685 (through the idea of extending); to scatter, that is, sow (literally or figuratively).
z5721
<5721> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 647
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Matthew 13:3

_ _ And he spake many things unto them in parables, saying, etc. — These parables are SEVEN in number; and it is not a little remarkable that while this is the sacred number, the first FOUR of them were spoken to the mixed multitude, while the remaining THREE were spoken to the Twelve in private — these divisions, four and three, being themselves notable in the symbolical arithmetic of Scripture. Another thing remarkable in the structure of these parables is, that while the first of the Seven — that of the Sower — is of the nature of an Introduction to the whole, the remaining Six consist of three pairs — the Second and Seventh, the Third and Fourth, and the Fifth and Sixth, corresponding to each other; each pair setting forth the same general truths, but with a certain diversity of aspect. All this can hardly be accidental.

_ _ First Parable: The Sower (Matthew 13:3-9, Matthew 13:18-23).

_ _ This parable may be entitled, “The Effect of the Word Dependent on the State of the Heart.” For the exposition of this parable, see on Mark 4:1-9, Mark 4:14-20.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 13:1-23.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Matthew 13:3

In parables — The word is here taken in its proper sense, for apt similes or comparisons. This way of speaking, extremely common in the eastern countries, drew and fixed the attention of many, and occasioned the truths delivered to sink the deeper into humble and serious hearers. At the same time, by an awful mixture of justice and mercy, it hid them from the proud and careless. In this chapter our Lord delivers seven parables; directing the four former (as being of general concern) to all the people; the three latter to his disciples. Behold the sower — How exquisitely proper is this parable to be an introduction to all the rest! In this our Lord answers a very obvious and a very important question. The same sower, Christ, and the same preachers sent by him, always sow the same seed: why has it not always the same effect? He that hath ears to hear, let him hear!

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
in:

Matthew 13:10-13 And the disciples came, and said unto him, Why speakest thou unto them in parables? ... Therefore speak I to them in parables: because they seeing see not; and hearing they hear not, neither do they understand.
Matthew 13:34-35 All these things spake Jesus unto the multitude in parables; and without a parable spake he not unto them: ... That it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, saying, I will open my mouth in parables; I will utter things which have been kept secret from the foundation of the world.
Matthew 13:53 And it came to pass, [that] when Jesus had finished these parables, he departed thence.
Matthew 22:1 And Jesus answered and spake unto them again by parables, and said,
Matthew 24:32 Now learn a parable of the fig tree; When his branch is yet tender, and putteth forth leaves, ye know that summer [is] nigh:
Judges 9:8-20 The trees went forth [on a time] to anoint a king over them; and they said unto the olive tree, Reign thou over us. ... But if not, let fire come out from Abimelech, and devour the men of Shechem, and the house of Millo; and let fire come out from the men of Shechem, and from the house of Millo, and devour Abimelech.
2 Samuel 12:1-7 And the LORD sent Nathan unto David. And he came unto him, and said unto him, There were two men in one city; the one rich, and the other poor. ... And Nathan said to David, Thou [art] the man. Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, I anointed thee king over Israel, and I delivered thee out of the hand of Saul;
Psalms 49:4 I will incline mine ear to a parable: I will open my dark saying upon the harp.
Psalms 78:2 I will open my mouth in a parable: I will utter dark sayings of old:
Isaiah 5:1-7 Now will I sing to my wellbeloved a song of my beloved touching his vineyard. My wellbeloved hath a vineyard in a very fruitful hill: ... For the vineyard of the LORD of hosts [is] the house of Israel, and the men of Judah his pleasant plant: and he looked for judgment, but behold oppression; for righteousness, but behold a cry.
Ezekiel 17:2 Son of man, put forth a riddle, and speak a parable unto the house of Israel;
Ezekiel 20:49 Then said I, Ah Lord GOD! they say of me, Doth he not speak parables?
Ezekiel 24:3-14 And utter a parable unto the rebellious house, and say unto them, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Set on a pot, set [it] on, and also pour water into it: ... I the LORD have spoken [it]: it shall come to pass, and I will do [it]; I will not go back, neither will I spare, neither will I repent; according to thy ways, and according to thy doings, shall they judge thee, saith the Lord GOD.
Micah 2:4 In that day shall [one] take up a parable against you, and lament with a doleful lamentation, [and] say, We be utterly spoiled: he hath changed the portion of my people: how hath he removed [it] from me! turning away he hath divided our fields.
Habakkuk 2:6 Shall not all these take up a parable against him, and a taunting proverb against him, and say, Woe to him that increaseth [that which is] not his! how long? and to him that ladeth himself with thick clay!
Mark 3:23 And he called them [unto him], and said unto them in parables, How can Satan cast out Satan?
Mark 4:2 And he taught them many things by parables, and said unto them in his doctrine,
Mark 4:13 And he said unto them, Know ye not this parable? and how then will ye know all parables?
Mark 4:33 And with many such parables spake he the word unto them, as they were able to hear [it].
Mark 12:1 And he began to speak unto them by parables. A [certain] man planted a vineyard, and set an hedge about [it], and digged [a place for] the winefat, and built a tower, and let it out to husbandmen, and went into a far country.
Mark 12:12 And they sought to lay hold on him, but feared the people: for they knew that he had spoken the parable against them: and they left him, and went their way.
Luke 8:10 And he said, Unto you it is given to know the mysteries of the kingdom of God: but to others in parables; that seeing they might not see, and hearing they might not understand.
Luke 12:41 Then Peter said unto him, Lord, speakest thou this parable unto us, or even to all?
Luke 15:3-7 And he spake this parable unto them, saying, ... I say unto you, that likewise joy shall be in heaven over one sinner that repenteth, more than over ninety and nine just persons, which need no repentance.
John 16:25 These things have I spoken unto you in proverbs: but the time cometh, when I shall no more speak unto you in proverbs, but I shall shew you plainly of the Father.
*marg.

parables:
A parable, παραβολη [Strong's G3850], from παρα [Strong's G3844], near, and βαλλω [Strong's G0906], I cast, or put, has been justly defined to be a comparison or similitude, in which one thing is compared with another, especially spiritual things with natural, by which means those spiritual things are better understood, and make a deeper impression on a honest and attentive mind. In a parable, a resemblance in the principal incidents is all that is required; smaller matters being considered as a sort of drapery. Maimonides, in Moreh Nevochim, gives an excellent rule on this head: "Fix it as a principle to attach yourself to the grand object of the parable, without attempting to make a particular application of all the circumstances and terms which it comprehends."

a sower:

Mark 4:2-9 And he taught them many things by parables, and said unto them in his doctrine, ... And he said unto them, He that hath ears to hear, let him hear.
Luke 8:5-8 A sower went out to sow his seed: and as he sowed, some fell by the way side; and it was trodden down, and the fowls of the air devoured it. ... And other fell on good ground, and sprang up, and bare fruit an hundredfold. And when he had said these things, he cried, He that hath ears to hear, let him hear.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jg 9:8. 2S 12:1. Ps 49:4; 78:2. Is 5:1. Ezk 17:2; 20:49; 24:3. Mi 2:4. Hab 2:6. Mt 13:10, 34, 53; 22:1; 24:32. Mk 3:23; 4:2, 13, 33; 12:1, 12. Lk 8:5, 10; 12:41; 15:3. Jn 16:25.

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