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Matthew 13:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the disciples came, and said unto him, Why speakest thou unto them in parables?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the disciples came, and said unto him, Why speakest thou unto them in parables?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And the disciples came and said to Him, “Why do You speak to them in parables?”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the disciples came, and said to him, Why speakest thou to them in parables?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the disciples came up and said to him, Why speakest thou to them in parables?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And the disciples, coming near, said to him, Wherefore, in parables, art thou speaking to them?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And the disciples having come near, said to him, 'Wherefore in similes dost thou speak to them?'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And his disciples came and said to him: Why speakest thou to them in parables?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the disciples came, and sayd vnto him, Why speakest thou vnto them in parables?
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And his disciples approached, saying to him, Why dost thou speak to them in parables?
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And his disciples came and said to him, Why discoursest thou to them in similitudes?

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
disciples 3101
{3101} Prime
μαθητής
mathetes
{math-ay-tes'}
From G3129; a learner, that is, pupil.
came, 4334
{4334} Prime
προσέρχομαι
proserchomai
{pros-er'-khom-ahee}
From G4314 and G2064 (including its alternate); to approach, that is, (literally) come near, visit, or (figuratively) worship, assent to.
z5631
<5631> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 889
and said 2036
{2036} Prime
ἔπω
epo
{ep'-o}
A primary verb (used only in the definite past tense, the others being borrowed from G2046, G4483 and G5346); to speak or say (by word or writting).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
unto him, 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
Why 1302
{1302} Prime
διατί
diati
{dee-at-ee'}
From G1223 and G5101; through what cause?, that is, why?.
speakest x2980
(2980) Complement
λαλέω
laleo
{lal-eh'-o}
A prolonged form of an otherwise obsolete verb; to talk, that is, utter words.
thou y2980
[2980] Standard
λαλέω
laleo
{lal-eh'-o}
A prolonged form of an otherwise obsolete verb; to talk, that is, utter words.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
unto them 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
parables? 3850
{3850} Prime
παραβολή
parabole
{par-ab-ol-ay'}
From G3846; a similitude ('parable'), that is, (symbolically) fictitious narrative (of common life conveying a moral), apoth gm or adage.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Matthew 13:10

_ _ Matthew 13:10-17. Reason for Teaching in Parables.

_ _ And the disciples came, and said unto him — “they that were with Him, when they were alone” (Mark 4:10).

_ _ Why speakest thou to them in parables? — Though before this He had couched some things in the parabolic form, for more vivid illustration, it would appear that He now, for the first time, formally employed this method of teaching.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 13:1-23.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Why:

Mark 4:10 And when he was alone, they that were about him with the twelve asked of him the parable.
Mark 4:33-34 And with many such parables spake he the word unto them, as they were able to hear [it]. ... But without a parable spake he not unto them: and when they were alone, he expounded all things to his disciples.
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Mk 4:10, 33.

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