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Matthew 12:7 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But if ye had known what this meaneth, I desire mercy, and not sacrifice, ye would not have condemned the guiltless.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But if ye had known what [this] meaneth, I will have mercy, and not sacrifice, ye would not have condemned the guiltless.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “But if you had known what this means, ‘I DESIRE COMPASSION, AND NOT A SACRIFICE,’ you would not have condemned the innocent.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But if ye had known what [this] meaneth, I will have mercy, and not sacrifice, ye would not have condemned the guiltless.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But if ye had known what is: I will have mercy and not sacrifice, ye would not have condemned the guiltless.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— If, however, ye had known what this meaneth—Mercy, I desire, and not, sacrifice, ye would not have condemned the blameless;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and if ye had known what is: Kindness I will, and not sacrifice—ye had not condemned the blameless,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And if you knew what this meaneth: I will have mercy, and not sacrifice: you would never have condemned the innocent.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But if yee had knowen what this meaneth, I will haue mercy, and not sacrifice, yee would not haue condemned the guiltlesse.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Moreover, if you knew what that (meaneth), "I desire mercy and not a sacrifice," you would not have condemned them who are not faulty.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And if ye had known what that is, I desire mercy, and not sacrifice; ye would not have criminated them who are without fault.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
if 1487
{1487} Prime
εἰ
ei
{i}
A primary particle of conditionality; if, whether, that, etc.
ye had known 1097
{1097} Prime
γινώσκω
ginosko
{ghin-oce'-ko}
A prolonged form of a primary verb; to 'know' (absolutely), in a great variety of applications and with many implications (as shown at left, with others not thus clearly expressed).
z5715
<5715> Grammar
Tense - Pluperfect (See G5779)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 83
what 5101
{5101} Prime
τίς
tis
{tis}
Probably emphatic of G5100; an interrogitive pronoun, who, which or what (in direct or indirect questions).
[this] meaneth, 2076
{2076} Prime
ἐστί
esti
{es-tee'}
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
I will x2309
(2309) Complement
θέλω
thelo
{thel'-o}
In certain tenses θελέω [[theleo]], {thel-eh'-o}; and ἐθέλέω [[etheleo]], {eth-el-eh'-o}, which are otherwise obsolete; apparently strengthened from the alternate form of G0138; to determine (as an active voice option from subjective impulse; whereas G1014 properly denotes rather a passive voice acquiescence in objective considerations), that is, choose or prefer (literally or figuratively); by implication to wish, that is, be inclined to (sometimes adverbially gladly); impersonally for the future tense, to be about to; by Hebraism to delight in.
have y2309
[2309] Standard
θέλω
thelo
{thel'-o}
In certain tenses θελέω [[theleo]], {thel-eh'-o}; and ἐθέλέω [[etheleo]], {eth-el-eh'-o}, which are otherwise obsolete; apparently strengthened from the alternate form of G0138; to determine (as an active voice option from subjective impulse; whereas G1014 properly denotes rather a passive voice acquiescence in objective considerations), that is, choose or prefer (literally or figuratively); by implication to wish, that is, be inclined to (sometimes adverbially gladly); impersonally for the future tense, to be about to; by Hebraism to delight in.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
mercy, 1656
{1656} Prime
ἔλεος
eleos
{el'-eh-os}
Of uncertain affinity; compassion (human or divine, especially active).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
sacrifice, 2378
{2378} Prime
θυσία
thusia
{thoo-see'-ah}
From G2380; sacrifice (the act or the victim, literally or figuratively).
ye would y302
[0302] Standard
ἄν
an
{an}
A primary particle, denoting a supposition, wish, possibility or uncertainty.
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
have condemned 2613
{2613} Prime
καταδικάζω
katadikazo
{kat-ad-ik-ad'-zo}
From G2596 and a derivative of G1349; to adjudge against, that is, pronounce guilty.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
guiltless. 338
{0338} Prime
ἀναίτιος
anaitios
{an-ah'-ee-tee-os}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and G0159 (in the sense of G0156); innocent.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Matthew 12:7

_ _ But if ye had known what this meaneth, I will have mercy, and not sacrifice — (Hosea 6:6; Micah 6:6-8, etc.). See on Matthew 9:13.

_ _ ye would not have condemned the guiltless — that is, Had ye understood the great principle of all religion, which the Scripture everywhere recognizes — that ceremonial observances must give way before moral duties, and particularly the necessities of nature — ye would have refrained from these captious complaints against men who in this matter are blameless. But our Lord added a specific application of this great principle to the law of the sabbath, preserved only in Mark: “And he said unto them, the sabbath was made for man, and not man for the sabbath” (Mark 2:27). A glorious and far-reaching maxim, alike for the permanent establishment of the sabbath and the true freedom of its observance.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 12:1-13.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Matthew 12:7

I will have mercy and not sacrifice — That is, when they interfere with each other, I always prefer acts of mercy, before matters of positive institution: yea, before all ceremonial institutions whatever; because these being only means of religion, are suspended of course, if circumstances occur, wherein they clash with love, which is the end of it. Matthew 9:13.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
if:

Matthew 9:13 But go ye and learn what [that] meaneth, I will have mercy, and not sacrifice: for I am not come to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance.
Matthew 22:29 Jesus answered and said unto them, Ye do err, not knowing the scriptures, nor the power of God.
Acts 13:27 For they that dwell at Jerusalem, and their rulers, because they knew him not, nor yet the voices of the prophets which are read every sabbath day, they have fulfilled [them] in condemning [him].

I will:
That is, I desire, or require mercy, or acts of humanity, rather than sacrifice.
Isaiah 1:11-17 To what purpose [is] the multitude of your sacrifices unto me? saith the LORD: I am full of the burnt offerings of rams, and the fat of fed beasts; and I delight not in the blood of bullocks, or of lambs, or of he goats. ... Learn to do well; seek judgment, relieve the oppressed, judge the fatherless, plead for the widow.
Hosea 6:6 For I desired mercy, and not sacrifice; and the knowledge of God more than burnt offerings.
Micah 6:6-8 Wherewith shall I come before the LORD, [and] bow myself before the high God? shall I come before him with burnt offerings, with calves of a year old? ... He hath shewed thee, O man, what [is] good; and what doth the LORD require of thee, but to do justly, and to love mercy, and to walk humbly with thy God?

condemned:

Job 32:3 Also against his three friends was his wrath kindled, because they had found no answer, and [yet] had condemned Job.
Psalms 94:21 They gather themselves together against the soul of the righteous, and condemn the innocent blood.
Psalms 109:31 For he shall stand at the right hand of the poor, to save [him] from those that condemn his soul.
Proverbs 17:15 He that justifieth the wicked, and he that condemneth the just, even they both [are] abomination to the LORD.
James 5:6 Ye have condemned [and] killed the just; [and] he doth not resist you.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jb 32:3. Ps 94:21; 109:31. Pv 17:15. Is 1:11. Ho 6:6. Mi 6:6. Mt 9:13; 22:29. Ac 13:27. Jm 5:6.

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