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Matthew 12:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Or have ye not read in the law, that on the sabbath day the priests in the temple profane the sabbath, and are guiltless?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Or have ye not read in the law, how that on the sabbath days the priests in the temple profane the sabbath, and are blameless?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Or have you not read in the Law, that on the Sabbath the priests in the temple break the Sabbath and are innocent?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Or have ye not read in the law, that on the sabbath the priests in the temple profane the sabbath, and are blameless?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Or have ye not read in the law that on the sabbaths the priests in the temple profane the sabbath, and are blameless?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Or have ye not read, in the law, that, on the sabbaths, the priests, in the temple, the sabbath, profane, and are, blameless?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'Or did ye not read in the Law, that on the sabbaths the priests in the temple do profane the sabbath, and are blameless?
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Or have ye not read in the law, that on the sabbath days the priests in the temple break the sabbath, and are without blame?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Or haue yee not read in the law, how that on the Sabbath dayes the Priests in the Temple profane the Sabbath, and are blamelesse?
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Or have you not read in the law that the priests in the temple profane the sabbath in it, and are without blame?
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Or have ye not read in the law, how that in the temple the priests profane the sabbath, and are without fault?

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Or 2228
{2228} Prime

e
{ay}
A primary particle of distinction between two connected terms; disjunctive, or; comparative, than.
have ye y314
[0314] Standard
ἀναγινώσκω
anaginosko
{an-ag-in-oce'-ko}
From G0303 and G1097; to know again, that is, (by extension) to read.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
read 314
{0314} Prime
ἀναγινώσκω
anaginosko
{an-ag-in-oce'-ko}
From G0303 and G1097; to know again, that is, (by extension) to read.
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
law, 3551
{3551} Prime
νόμος
nomos
{nom'-os}
From a primary word νέμω [[nemo]] (to parcel out, especially food or grazing to animals); law (through the idea of prescriptive usage), generally (regulation), specifically (of Moses [including the volume]; also of the Gospel), or figuratively (a principle).
how x3754
(3754) Complement
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
that y3754
[3754] Standard
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
on the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
sabbath days 4521
{4521} Prime
σάββατον
sabbaton
{sab'-bat-on}
Of Hebrew origin [H7676]; the Sabbath (that is, Shabbath), or day of weekly repose from secular avocations (also the observance or institution itself); by extension a se'nnight, that is, the interval between two Sabbaths; likewise the plural in all the above applications.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
priests 2409
{2409} Prime
ἱερεύς
hiereus
{hee-er-yooce'}
From G2413; a priest (literally or figuratively).
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
temple 2411
{2411} Prime
ἱερόν
hieron
{hee-er-on'}
Neuter of G2413; a sacred place, that is, the entire precincts (whereas G3485 denotes the central sanctuary itself) of the Temple (at Jerusalem or elsewhere).
profane 953
{0953} Prime
βεβηλόω
bebeloo
{beb-ay-lo'-o}
From G0952; to desecrate.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
sabbath, 4521
{4521} Prime
σάββατον
sabbaton
{sab'-bat-on}
Of Hebrew origin [H7676]; the Sabbath (that is, Shabbath), or day of weekly repose from secular avocations (also the observance or institution itself); by extension a se'nnight, that is, the interval between two Sabbaths; likewise the plural in all the above applications.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
are 1526
{1526} Prime
εἰσί
eisi
{i-see'}
Third person plural present indicative of G1510; they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
blameless? 338
{0338} Prime
ἀναίτιος
anaitios
{an-ah'-ee-tee-os}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and G0159 (in the sense of G0156); innocent.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Matthew 12:5

_ _ Or have ye not read in the law, how that on the sabbath days the priests in the temple profane the sabbath — by doing “servile work.”

_ _ and are blameless? — The double offerings required on the sabbath day (Numbers 28:9) could not be presented, and the new-baked showbread (Leviticus 24:5; 1 Chronicles 9:32) could not be prepared and presented every sabbath morning, without a good deal of servile work on the part of the priests; not to speak of circumcision, which, when the child’s eighth day happened to fall on a sabbath, had to be performed by the priests on that day. (See on John 7:22, John 7:23).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 12:1-13.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Matthew 12:5

The priests in the temple profane the Sabbath — That is, do their ordinary work on this, as on a common day, cleansing all things, and preparing the sacrifices. A greater than the temple — If therefore the Sabbath must give way to the temple, much more must it give way to me.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Matthew 12:5

Or have ye not read in the law, how that on the sabbath days the priests in the temple (b) profane the sabbath, and are blameless?

(b) When the priests do God's service on the sabbath day, they do not break the law: much less does the Lord of the Sabbath break the sabbath.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
on:

Numbers 28:9-10 And on the sabbath day two lambs of the first year without spot, and two tenth deals of flour [for] a meat offering, mingled with oil, and the drink offering thereof: ... [This is] the burnt offering of every sabbath, beside the continual burnt offering, and his drink offering.
John 7:22-23 Moses therefore gave unto you circumcision; (not because it is of Moses, but of the fathers;) and ye on the sabbath day circumcise a man. ... If a man on the sabbath day receive circumcision, that the law of Moses should not be broken; are ye angry at me, because I have made a man every whit whole on the sabbath day?

profane:

Nehemiah 13:17 Then I contended with the nobles of Judah, and said unto them, What evil thing [is] this that ye do, and profane the sabbath day?
Ezekiel 24:21 Speak unto the house of Israel, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I will profane my sanctuary, the excellency of your strength, the desire of your eyes, and that which your soul pitieth; and your sons and your daughters whom ye have left shall fall by the sword.
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Nu 28:9. Ne 13:17. Ezk 24:21. Jn 7:22.

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