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Matthew 12:43 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But the unclean spirit, when he is gone out of the man, passeth through waterless places, seeking rest, and findeth it not.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— When the unclean spirit is gone out of a man, he walketh through dry places, seeking rest, and findeth none.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Now when the unclean spirit goes out of a man, it passes through waterless places seeking rest, and does not find [it].
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— When the unclean spirit is gone out of a man, he walketh through dry places, seeking rest, and he findeth none.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But when the unclean spirit has gone out of the man, he goes through dry places, seeking rest, and does not find [it].
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, when the impure spirit goeth out of the man, it passeth through waterless places, seeking rest,—and findeth it not.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'And, when the unclean spirit may go forth from the man, it doth walk through dry places seeking rest, and doth not find;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And when an unclean spirit is gone out of a man he walketh through dry places seeking rest, and findeth none.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— When the vncleane spirit is gone out of a man, hee walketh thorow dry places, seeking rest, and findeth none.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— When the unclean spirit shall have gone forth from a child of man, he wandereth through places that have no waters in them, and seeketh repose, but findeth (it) not.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And when an unclean spirit goeth out of a man, it wandereth in places where is no water, and seeketh comfort and findeth [it] not.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
y1161
[1161] Standard
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
When 3752
{3752} Prime
ὅταν
hotan
{hot'-an}
From G3753 and G0302; whenever (implying hypothesis or more or less uncertainty); also causative (conjugationally) inasmuch as.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
unclean 169
{0169} Prime
ἀκάθαρτος
akathartos
{ak-ath'-ar-tos}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and a presumed derivative of G2508 (meaning cleansed); impure (ceremonially, morally (lewd) or specifically (demonic)).
spirit 4151
{4151} Prime
πνεῦμα
pneuma
{pnyoo'-mah}
From G4154; a current of air, that is, breath (blast) or a breeze; by analogy or figuratively a spirit, that is, (human) the rational soul, (by implication) vital principle, mental disposition, etc., or (superhuman) an angel, daemon, or (divine) God, Christ's spirit, the Holy spirit.
is gone 1831
{1831} Prime
ἐξέρχομαι
exerchomai
{ex-er'-khom-ahee}
From G1537 and G2064; to issue (literally or figuratively).
z5632
<5632> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 449
out of 575
{0575} Prime
ἀπό
apo
{ap-o'}
A primary particle; 'off', that is, away (from something near), in various senses (of place, time, or relation; literally or figuratively).
a man, 444
{0444} Prime
ἄνθρωπος
anthropos
{anth'-ro-pos}
From G0435 and ὤψ [[ops]] (the countenance; from G3700); manfaced, that is, a human being.
he walketh 1330
{1330} Prime
διέρχομαι
dierchomai
{dee-er'-khom-ahee}
From G1223 and G2064; to traverse (literally).
z5736
<5736> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 618
through 1223
{1223} Prime
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
dry 504
{0504} Prime
ἄνυδρος
anudros
{an'-oo-dros}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and G5204; waterless, that is, dry.
places, 5117
{5117} Prime
τόπος
topos
{top'-os}
Apparently a primary word; a spot (generally in space, but limited by occupancy; whereas G5561 is a larger but particular locality), that is, location (as a position, home, tract, etc.); figuratively condition, opportunity; specifically a scabbard.
seeking 2212
{2212} Prime
ζητέω
zeteo
{dzay-teh'-o}
Of uncertain affinity; to seek (literally or figuratively); specifically (by Hebraism) to worship (God), or (in a bad sense) to plot (against life).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
rest, 372
{0372} Prime
ἀνάπαυσις
anapausis
{an-ap'-ow-sis}
From G0373; intermission; by implication recreation.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
findeth 2147
{2147} Prime
εὑρίσκω
heurisko
{hyoo-ris'-ko}
A prolonged form of a primary word εὕρω [[heuro]], {hyoo'-ro}; which (together with another cognate form, εὑρέω [[heureo]], {hyoo-reh'-o}) is used for it in all the tenses except the present and imperfect; to find (literally or figuratively).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
none. 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Matthew 12:43-45

_ _ When the unclean spirit is gone out of a man, etc. — On this important parable, in connection with the corresponding one (Matthew 12:29) see on Luke 11:21-26.

_ _ A charming little incident, given only in Luke 11:27, Luke 11:28, seems to have its proper place here.

_ _ Luke 11:27 :
_ _ And it came to pass, as He spake these things, a certain woman of the company — out of the crowd.
_ _ lifted up her voice and said unto Him, Blessed is the womb that bare Thee, and the paps which Thou hast sucked — With true womanly feeling she envies the mother of such a wonderful Teacher. And a higher and better than she had said as much before her (see on Luke 1:28). How does our Lord, then, treat it? He is far from condemning it. He only holds up as “blessed rather” another class:
_ _ Luke 11:28 :
_ _ But he said, Yea rather, blessed are they that hear the word of God, and keep it — in other words, the humblest real saint of God. How utterly alien is this sentiment from the teaching of the Church of Rome, which would doubtless excommunicate any one of its members that dared to talk in such a strain!
Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 12:38-45.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Matthew 12:43

But how dreadful will be the consequence of their rejecting me? When the unclean spirit goeth out — Not willingly, but being compelled by one that is stronger than he. He walketh — Wanders up and down; through dry places — Barren, dreary, desolate; or places not yet watered with the Gospel: Seeking rest, and findeth none — How can he, while he carries with him his own hell? And is it not the case of his children too? Reader, is it thy case? Luke 11:24.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
when:
Had there been no reality in demoniacal possessions, as some have supposed, our Lord would scarcely have appealed to a case of this kind here, to point out the real state of the Jewish people, and their approaching desolation. Had this been only a vulgar error, of the nonsense of which the learned scribes and wise Pharisees must have been convinced, the case, not being in point, because not true, must have been treated with contempt by the very people for whose conviction it was designed.

the unclean:

Luke 11:24 When the unclean spirit is gone out of a man, he walketh through dry places, seeking rest; and finding none, he saith, I will return unto my house whence I came out.
Acts 8:13 Then Simon himself believed also: and when he was baptized, he continued with Philip, and wondered, beholding the miracles and signs which were done.

he:

Job 1:7 And the LORD said unto Satan, Whence comest thou? Then Satan answered the LORD, and said, From going to and fro in the earth, and from walking up and down in it.
Job 2:2 And the LORD said unto Satan, From whence comest thou? And Satan answered the LORD, and said, From going to and fro in the earth, and from walking up and down in it.
1 Peter 5:8 Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about, seeking whom he may devour:

dry:

Psalms 63:1 [[A Psalm of David, when he was in the wilderness of Judah.]] O God, thou [art] my God; early will I seek thee: my soul thirsteth for thee, my flesh longeth for thee in a dry and thirsty land, where no water is;
Isaiah 35:6-7 Then shall the lame [man] leap as an hart, and the tongue of the dumb sing: for in the wilderness shall waters break out, and streams in the desert. ... And the parched ground shall become a pool, and the thirsty land springs of water: in the habitation of dragons, where each lay, [shall be] grass with reeds and rushes.
Isaiah 41:18 I will open rivers in high places, and fountains in the midst of the valleys: I will make the wilderness a pool of water, and the dry land springs of water.
Ezekiel 47:8-12 Then said he unto me, These waters issue out toward the east country, and go down into the desert, and go into the sea: [which being] brought forth into the sea, the waters shall be healed. ... And by the river upon the bank thereof, on this side and on that side, shall grow all trees for meat, whose leaf shall not fade, neither shall the fruit thereof be consumed: it shall bring forth new fruit according to his months, because their waters they issued out of the sanctuary: and the fruit thereof shall be for meat, and the leaf thereof for medicine.
Amos 8:11-13 Behold, the days come, saith the Lord GOD, that I will send a famine in the land, not a famine of bread, nor a thirst for water, but of hearing the words of the LORD: ... In that day shall the fair virgins and young men faint for thirst.

seeking:

Matthew 8:29 And, behold, they cried out, saying, What have we to do with thee, Jesus, thou Son of God? art thou come hither to torment us before the time?
Mark 5:7-13 And cried with a loud voice, and said, What have I to do with thee, Jesus, [thou] Son of the most high God? I adjure thee by God, that thou torment me not. ... And forthwith Jesus gave them leave. And the unclean spirits went out, and entered into the swine: and the herd ran violently down a steep place into the sea, (they were about two thousand;) and were choked in the sea.
Luke 8:28-32 When he saw Jesus, he cried out, and fell down before him, and with a loud voice said, What have I to do with thee, Jesus, [thou] Son of God most high? I beseech thee, torment me not. ... And there was there an herd of many swine feeding on the mountain: and they besought him that he would suffer them to enter into them. And he suffered them.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jb 1:7; 2:2. Ps 63:1. Is 35:6; 41:18. Ezk 47:8. Am 8:11. Mt 8:29. Mk 5:7. Lk 8:28; 11:24. Ac 8:13. 1P 5:8.

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