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Matthew 12:36 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And I say unto you, that every idle word that men shall speak, they shall give account thereof in the day of judgment.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But I say unto you, That every idle word that men shall speak, they shall give account thereof in the day of judgment.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “But I tell you that every careless word that people speak, they shall give an accounting for it in the day of judgment.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But I say to you, That for every idle word that men shall speak, they shall give account in the day of judgment.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But I say unto you, that every idle word which men shall say, they shall render an account of it in judgment-day:
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But I say unto you, That, every useless expression that men shall utter, they shall render, concerning it, an account, in a day of judgment;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'And I say to you, that every idle word that men may speak, they shall give for it a reckoning in a day of judgment;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But I say unto you, that every idle word that men shall speak, they shall render an account for it in the day of judgment.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But I say vnto you, That euery idle word that men shall speake, they shall giue accompt thereof in the day of Iudgement.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— But I tell you, that for every useless word which the sons of men shall speak, they must give the answer for it in the day of judgment.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For I say to you, That for every idle word that men shall speak, they shall give account of it in the day of judgment.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
I say 3004
{3004} Prime
λέγω
lego
{leg'-o}
A primary verb; properly to 'lay' forth, that is, (figuratively) relate (in words [usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue]); by implication to mean.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
unto you, 5213
{5213} Prime
ὑμῖν
humin
{hoo-min'}
Irregular dative case of G5210; to (with or by) you.
That 3754
{3754} Prime
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
every 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
idle 692
{0692} Prime
ἀργός
argos
{ar-gos'}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and G2041; inactive, that is, unemployed; (by implication) lazy, useless.
word 4487
{4487} Prime
ῥῆμα
rhema
{hray'-mah}
From G4483; an utterance (individually, collectively or specifically); by implication a matter or topic (especially of narration, command or dispute); with a negative naught whatever.
that 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
1437
{1437} Prime
ἐάν
ean
{eh-an'}
From G1487 and G0302; a conditional particle; in case that, provided, etc.; often used in connection with other particles to denote indefiniteness or uncertainty.
men 444
{0444} Prime
ἄνθρωπος
anthropos
{anth'-ro-pos}
From G0435 and ὤψ [[ops]] (the countenance; from G3700); manfaced, that is, a human being.
shall speak, 2980
{2980} Prime
λαλέω
laleo
{lal-eh'-o}
A prolonged form of an otherwise obsolete verb; to talk, that is, utter words.
z5661
<5661> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 512
they shall give 591
{0591} Prime
ἀποδίδωμι
apodidomi
{ap-od-eed'-o-mee}
From G0575 and G1325; to give away, that is, up, over, back, etc. (in various applications).
z5692
<5692> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 814
account 3056
{3056} Prime
λόγος
logos
{log'-os}
From G3004; something said (including the thought); by implication a topic (subject of discourse), also reasoning (the mental faculty) or motive; by extension a computation; specifically (with the article in John) the Divine Expression (that is, Christ).
thereof 4012
{4012} Prime
περί
peri
{per-ee'}
From the base of G4008; properly through (all over), that is, around; figuratively with respect to; used in various applications, of place, cause or time (with the genitive case denoting the subject or occasion or superlative point; with the accusative case the locality, circuit, matter, circumstance or general period).
846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
the day 2250
{2250} Prime
ἡμέρα
hemera
{hay-mer'-ah}
Feminine (with G5610 implied) of a derivative of ἧμαι [[hemai]] (to sit; akin to the base of G1476) meaning tame, that is, gentle; day, that is, (literally) the time space between dawn and dark, or the whole 24 hours (but several days were usually reckoned by the Jews as inclusive of the parts of both extremes); figuratively a period (always defined more or less clearly by the context).
of judgment. 2920
{2920} Prime
κρίσις
krisis
{kree'-sis}
(Subjectively or objectively, for or against); by extension a tribunal; by implication justice (specifically divine law).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Matthew 12:36

_ _ But I say unto you, That every idle word that men shall speak, they shall give account thereof in the day of judgment — They might say, “It was nothing: we meant no evil; we merely threw out a supposition, as one way of accounting for the miracle we witnessed; if it will not stand, let it go; why make so much of it, and bear down with such severity for it?” Jesus replies, “It was not nothing, and at the great day will not be treated as nothing: Words, as the index of the heart, however idle they may seem, will be taken account of, whether good or bad, in estimating character in the day of judgment.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 12:22-37.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Matthew 12:36

Ye may perhaps think, God does not so much regard your words. But I say to you — That not for blasphemous and profane words only, but for every idle word which men shall speak — For want of seriousness or caution; for every discourse which is not conducive to the glory of God, they shall give account in the day of judgment.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Matthew 12:36

But I say unto you, That every (e) idle word that men shall speak, they shall give account thereof in the day of judgment.

(e) Vain and unprofitable trifles, which for the most part, men spend their lives in search of.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
every:

Ecclesiastes 12:14 For God shall bring every work into judgment, with every secret thing, whether [it be] good, or whether [it be] evil.
Romans 2:16 In the day when God shall judge the secrets of men by Jesus Christ according to my gospel.
Ephesians 6:4-6 And, ye fathers, provoke not your children to wrath: but bring them up in the nurture and admonition of the Lord. ... Not with eyeservice, as menpleasers; but as the servants of Christ, doing the will of God from the heart;
Jude 1:14-15 And Enoch also, the seventh from Adam, prophesied of these, saying, Behold, the Lord cometh with ten thousands of his saints, ... To execute judgment upon all, and to convince all that are ungodly among them of all their ungodly deeds which they have ungodly committed, and of all their hard [speeches] which ungodly sinners have spoken against him.
Revelation 20:12 And I saw the dead, small and great, stand before God; and the books were opened: and another book was opened, which is [the book] of life: and the dead were judged out of those things which were written in the books, according to their works.

idle word:
Ρημα [Strong's G4487], αργος [Strong's G0692], i.e., ἀεργον - (work, act, deed) from α, privative, and εργον [Strong's G2041], work, a word that produces no good effect, and is not calculated to produce any. "Discourse," says Dr. Doddridge, "tending to innocent mirth, to exhilarate the spirits, is not idle discourse; as the time spent in necessary recreation is not idle time."
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ec 12:14. Ro 2:16. Ep 6:4. Jde 1:14. Rv 20:12.

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