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Matthew 12:34 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Ye offspring of vipers, how can ye, being evil, speak good things? for out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaketh.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— O generation of vipers, how can ye, being evil, speak good things? for out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaketh.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “You brood of vipers, how can you, being evil, speak what is good? For the mouth speaks out of that which fills the heart.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— O generation of vipers, how can ye, being evil, speak good things? for out of the abundance of the heart, the mouth speaketh.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Offspring of vipers! how can ye speak good things, being wicked? For of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaks.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Broods of vipers! How can ye speak, good things, being, evil? For, out of the abundance of the heart, the mouth speaketh.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'Brood of vipers! how are ye able to speak good things—being evil? for out of the abundance of the heart doth the mouth speak.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— O generation of vipers, how can you speak good things, whereas you are evil? for out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaketh.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— O generation of vipers, how can ye, being euil, speake good things? For out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaketh.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Brood of vipers! how can you speak good who are evil? For from the abundancies of the heart the mouth speaketh.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Offspring of vipers, how can ye who are evil, speak good things? For out of the fullnesses of the heart the mouth speaketh.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
O generation 1081
{1081} Prime
γέννημα
gennema
{ghen'-nay-mah}
From G1080; offspring; by analogy produce (literally or figuratively).
of vipers, 2191
{2191} Prime
ἔχιδνα
echidna
{ekh'-id-nah}
Of uncertain origin; an adder or other poisonous snake (literally or figuratively).
how 4459
{4459} Prime
πῶς
pos
{poce}
Adverb from the base of G4226; an interrogitive particle of manner; in what way? (sometimes the question is indirect, how?); also as exclamation, how much!.
can x1410
(1410) Complement
δύναμαι
dunamai
{doo'-nam-ahee}
Of uncertain affinity; to be able or possible.
ye, y1410
[1410] Standard
δύναμαι
dunamai
{doo'-nam-ahee}
Of uncertain affinity; to be able or possible.
z5736
<5736> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 618
being 5607
{5607} Prime
ὤν
on
{oan}
The feminine, the neuter and the present participle of G1510; being.
z5752
<5752> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 186
evil, 4190
{4190} Prime
πονηρός
poneros
{pon-ay-ros'}
From a derivative of G4192; hurtful, that is, evil (properly in effect or influence, and thus differing from G2556, which refers rather to essential character, as well as from G4550, which indicates degeneracy from original virtue); figuratively calamitous; also (passively) ill, that is, diseased; but especially (morally) culpable, that is, derelict, vicious, facinorous; neuter (singular) mischief, malice, or (plural) guilt; masculine (singular) the devil, or (plural) sinners.
speak 2980
{2980} Prime
λαλέω
laleo
{lal-eh'-o}
A prolonged form of an otherwise obsolete verb; to talk, that is, utter words.
z5721
<5721> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 647
good things? 18
{0018} Prime
ἀγαθός
agathos
{ag-ath-os'}
A primary word; 'good' (in any sense, often as noun).
for 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
out x1537
(1537) Complement
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
of y1537
[1537] Standard
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
abundance 4051
{4051} Prime
περίσσευμα
perisseuma
{per-is'-syoo-mah}
From G4052; a surplus, or superabundance.
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
heart 2588
{2588} Prime
καρδία
kardia
{kar-dee'-ah}
Prolonged from a primary κάρ [[kar]] (Latin cor, 'heart'); the heart, that is, (figuratively) the thoughts or feelings (mind); also (by analogy) the middle.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
mouth 4750
{4750} Prime
στόμα
stoma
{stom'-a}
Probably stregthened from a presumed derivative of the base of G5114; the mouth (as if a gash in the face); by implication language (and its relations); figuratively an opening (in the earth); specifically the front or edge (of a weapon).
speaketh. 2980
{2980} Prime
λαλέω
laleo
{lal-eh'-o}
A prolonged form of an otherwise obsolete verb; to talk, that is, utter words.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Matthew 12:34

_ _ O generation of vipers — (See on Matthew 3:7).

_ _ how can ye, being evil, speak good things? for out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaketh — a principle obvious enough, yet of deepest significance and vast application. In Luke 6:45 we find it uttered as part of the discourse delivered after the choice of the apostles.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 12:22-37.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Matthew 12:34

In another kind likewise, the tree is known by its fruit — Namely, the heart by the conversation.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Matthew 12:34

(7) O generation of vipers, how can ye, being evil, speak good things? for out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaketh.

(7) Hypocrites at length betray themselves even by their own mouth.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
generation:

Matthew 3:7 But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees come to his baptism, he said unto them, O generation of vipers, who hath warned you to flee from the wrath to come?
Matthew 23:33 [Ye] serpents, [ye] generation of vipers, how can ye escape the damnation of hell?
Luke 3:7 Then said he to the multitude that came forth to be baptized of him, O generation of vipers, who hath warned you to flee from the wrath to come?
John 8:44 Ye are of [your] father the devil, and the lusts of your father ye will do. He was a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own: for he is a liar, and the father of it.
1 John 3:10 In this the children of God are manifest, and the children of the devil: whosoever doeth not righteousness is not of God, neither he that loveth not his brother.

how:

1 Samuel 24:13 As saith the proverb of the ancients, Wickedness proceedeth from the wicked: but mine hand shall not be upon thee.
Psalms 10:6-7 He hath said in his heart, I shall not be moved: for [I shall] never [be] in adversity. ... His mouth is full of cursing and deceit and fraud: under his tongue [is] mischief and vanity.
Psalms 52:2-5 Thy tongue deviseth mischiefs; like a sharp razor, working deceitfully. ... God shall likewise destroy thee for ever, he shall take thee away, and pluck thee out of [thy] dwelling place, and root thee out of the land of the living. Selah.
Psalms 53:1 [[To the chief Musician upon Mahalath, Maschil, [A Psalm] of David.]] The fool hath said in his heart, [There is] no God. Corrupt are they, and have done abominable iniquity: [there is] none that doeth good.
Psalms 64:3 Who whet their tongue like a sword, [and] bend [their bows to shoot] their arrows, [even] bitter words:
Psalms 64:5 They encourage themselves [in] an evil matter: they commune of laying snares privily; they say, Who shall see them?
Psalms 120:2-4 Deliver my soul, O LORD, from lying lips, [and] from a deceitful tongue. ... Sharp arrows of the mighty, with coals of juniper.
Psalms 140:2-3 Which imagine mischiefs in [their] heart; continually are they gathered together [for] war. ... They have sharpened their tongues like a serpent; adders' poison [is] under their lips. Selah.
Isaiah 32:6 For the vile person will speak villany, and his heart will work iniquity, to practise hypocrisy, and to utter error against the LORD, to make empty the soul of the hungry, and he will cause the drink of the thirsty to fail.
Isaiah 59:4 None calleth for justice, nor [any] pleadeth for truth: they trust in vanity, and speak lies; they conceive mischief, and bring forth iniquity.
Isaiah 59:14 And judgment is turned away backward, and justice standeth afar off: for truth is fallen in the street, and equity cannot enter.
Jeremiah 7:2-5 Stand in the gate of the LORD'S house, and proclaim there this word, and say, Hear the word of the LORD, all [ye of] Judah, that enter in at these gates to worship the LORD. ... For if ye throughly amend your ways and your doings; if ye throughly execute judgment between a man and his neighbour;
Romans 3:10-14 As it is written, There is none righteous, no, not one: ... Whose mouth [is] full of cursing and bitterness:
James 3:5-8 Even so the tongue is a little member, and boasteth great things. Behold, how great a matter a little fire kindleth! ... But the tongue can no man tame; [it is] an unruly evil, full of deadly poison.

for:

Luke 6:45 A good man out of the good treasure of his heart bringeth forth that which is good; and an evil man out of the evil treasure of his heart bringeth forth that which is evil: for of the abundance of the heart his mouth speaketh.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1S 24:13. Ps 10:6; 52:2; 53:1; 64:3, 5; 120:2; 140:2. Is 32:6; 59:4, 14. Jr 7:2. Mt 3:7; 23:33. Lk 3:7; 6:45. Jn 8:44. Ro 3:10. Jm 3:5. 1Jn 3:10.

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