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Matthew 12:20 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— A bruised reed shall he not break, And smoking flax shall he not quench, Till he send forth judgment unto victory.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— A bruised reed shall he not break, and smoking flax shall he not quench, till he send forth judgment unto victory.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “A BATTERED REED HE WILL NOT BREAK OFF, AND A SMOLDERING WICK HE WILL NOT PUT OUT, UNTIL HE LEADS JUSTICE TO VICTORY.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— A bruised reed shall he not break, and smoking flax shall he not quench, till he shall send forth judgment to victory.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— a bruised reed shall he not break, and smoking flax shall he not quench, until he bring forth judgment unto victory;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— A bruised cane, will he not break, and, a smoking wick, will he not quench,—until he urge on, justice, to victory,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— a bruised reed he shall not break, and smoking flax he shall not quench, till he may put forth judgment to victory,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The bruised reed he shall not break: and smoking flax he shall not extinguish: till he send forth judgment unto victory.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— A bruised reed shal he not breake, and smoking flaxe shall he not quench, till he send forth iudgment vnto victory.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— A bruised reed he will not break, And a flickering lamp he will not extinguish, Until he bring forth judgment unto victory.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— The crushed reed he will not break; and the flickering lamp he will not extinguish; until he bring judgment to be victorious.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
A bruised 4937
{4937} Prime
συντρίβω
suntribo
{soon-tree'-bo}
From G4862 and the base of G5147; to crush completely, that is, to shatter (literally or figuratively).
z5772
<5772> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 463
reed 2563
{2563} Prime
κάλαμος
kalamos
{kal'-am-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a reed (the plant or its stem, or that of a similar plant); by implication a pen.
shall he y2608
[2608] Standard
κατάγνυμι
katagnumi
{kat-ag'-noo-mee}
From G2596 and the base of G4486; to rend in pieces, that is, crack apart.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
break, 2608
{2608} Prime
κατάγνυμι
katagnumi
{kat-ag'-noo-mee}
From G2596 and the base of G4486; to rend in pieces, that is, crack apart.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
smoking 5188
{5188} Prime
τύφω
tupho
{too'-fo}
Apparently a primary verb; to make a smoke, that is, slowly consume without flame.
z5746
<5746> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 360
flax 3043
{3043} Prime
λίνον
linon
{lee'-non}
Probably a primary word; flax, that is, (by implication) 'linen'.
shall he y4570
[4570] Standard
σβέννυμι
sbennumi
{sben'-noo-mee}
A prolonged form of an apparently primary verb; to extinguish (literally or figuratively).
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
quench, y4570
[4570] Standard
σβέννυμι
sbennumi
{sben'-noo-mee}
A prolonged form of an apparently primary verb; to extinguish (literally or figuratively).
z5692
<5692> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 814
x4370
(4370) Complement
προστρέχω
prostrecho
{pros-trekh'-o}
From G4314 and G5143 (including its alternate); to run towards, that is, hasten to meet or join.
till 2193
{2193} Prime
ἕως
heos
{heh'-oce}
Of uncertain affinity; a conjugation, preposition and adverb of continuance, until (of time and place).
302
{0302} Prime
ἄν
an
{an}
A primary particle, denoting a supposition, wish, possibility or uncertainty.
he send forth 1544
{1544} Prime
ἐκβάλλω
ekballo
{ek-bal'-lo}
From G1537 and G0906; to eject (literally or figuratively).
z5632
<5632> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 449
judgment 2920
{2920} Prime
κρίσις
krisis
{kree'-sis}
(Subjectively or objectively, for or against); by extension a tribunal; by implication justice (specifically divine law).
unto 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
victory. 3534
{3534} Prime
νῖκος
nikos
{nee'-kos}
From G3529; a conquest (concretely), that is, (by implication) triumph.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Matthew 12:20

_ _ A bruised reed shall he not break, and smoking flax shall he not quench, till he send forth judgment unto victory — “unto truth,” says the Hebrew original, and the Septuagint also. But our Evangelist merely seizes the spirit, instead of the letter of the prediction in this point. The grandeur and completeness of Messiah’s victories would prove, it seems, not more wonderful than the unobtrusive noiselessness with which they were to be achieved. And whereas one rough touch will break a bruised reed, and quench the flickering, smoking flax, His it should be, with matchless tenderness, love, and skill, to lift up the meek, to strengthen the weak hands and confirm the feeble knees, to comfort all that mourn, to say to them that are of a fearful heart, Be strong, fear not.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 12:14-21.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Matthew 12:20

A bruised reed — A convinced sinner: one that is bruised with the weight of sin: smoking flax — One that has the least good desire, the faintest spark of grace: till he send forth judgment unto victory — That is, till he make righteousness completely victorious over all its enemies.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Matthew 12:20

A bruised reed shall he not break, and smoking flax shall he not quench, till he (d) send forth judgment unto victory.

(d) He will pronounce sentence and judgment, in spite of the world and Satan, and show himself conqueror over all his enemies.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
bruised:

Matthew 11:28 Come unto me, all [ye] that labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest.
2 Kings 18:21 Now, behold, thou trustest upon the staff of this bruised reed, [even] upon Egypt, on which if a man lean, it will go into his hand, and pierce it: so [is] Pharaoh king of Egypt unto all that trust on him.
Psalms 51:17 The sacrifices of God [are] a broken spirit: a broken and a contrite heart, O God, thou wilt not despise.
Psalms 147:3 He healeth the broken in heart, and bindeth up their wounds.
Isaiah 40:11 He shall feed his flock like a shepherd: he shall gather the lambs with his arm, and carry [them] in his bosom, [and] shall gently lead those that are with young.
Isaiah 57:15 For thus saith the high and lofty One that inhabiteth eternity, whose name [is] Holy; I dwell in the high and holy [place], with him also [that is] of a contrite and humble spirit, to revive the spirit of the humble, and to revive the heart of the contrite ones.
Isaiah 61:1-3 The Spirit of the Lord GOD [is] upon me; because the LORD hath anointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek; he hath sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to [them that are] bound; ... To appoint unto them that mourn in Zion, to give unto them beauty for ashes, the oil of joy for mourning, the garment of praise for the spirit of heaviness; that they might be called trees of righteousness, the planting of the LORD, that he might be glorified.
Lamentations 3:31-34 For the Lord will not cast off for ever: ... To crush under his feet all the prisoners of the earth,
Ezekiel 34:16 I will seek that which was lost, and bring again that which was driven away, and will bind up [that which was] broken, and will strengthen that which was sick: but I will destroy the fat and the strong; I will feed them with judgment.
Luke 4:18 The Spirit of the Lord [is] upon me, because he hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; he hath sent me to heal the brokenhearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised,
2 Corinthians 2:7 So that contrariwise ye [ought] rather to forgive [him], and comfort [him], lest perhaps such a one should be swallowed up with overmuch sorrow.
Hebrews 12:12-13 Wherefore lift up the hands which hang down, and the feeble knees; ... And make straight paths for your feet, lest that which is lame be turned out of the way; but let it rather be healed.

till:

Psalms 98:1-3 [[A Psalm.]] O sing unto the LORD a new song; for he hath done marvellous things: his right hand, and his holy arm, hath gotten him the victory. ... He hath remembered his mercy and his truth toward the house of Israel: all the ends of the earth have seen the salvation of our God.
Isaiah 42:3-4 A bruised reed shall he not break, and the smoking flax shall he not quench: he shall bring forth judgment unto truth. ... He shall not fail nor be discouraged, till he have set judgment in the earth: and the isles shall wait for his law.
Romans 15:17-19 I have therefore whereof I may glory through Jesus Christ in those things which pertain to God. ... Through mighty signs and wonders, by the power of the Spirit of God; so that from Jerusalem, and round about unto Illyricum, I have fully preached the gospel of Christ.
2 Corinthians 2:14 Now thanks [be] unto God, which always causeth us to triumph in Christ, and maketh manifest the savour of his knowledge by us in every place.
2 Corinthians 10:3-5 For though we walk in the flesh, we do not war after the flesh: ... Casting down imaginations, and every high thing that exalteth itself against the knowledge of God, and bringing into captivity every thought to the obedience of Christ;
Revelation 6:2 And I saw, and behold a white horse: and he that sat on him had a bow; and a crown was given unto him: and he went forth conquering, and to conquer.
Revelation 19:11-21 And I saw heaven opened, and behold a white horse; and he that sat upon him [was] called Faithful and True, and in righteousness he doth judge and make war. ... And the remnant were slain with the sword of him that sat upon the horse, which [sword] proceeded out of his mouth: and all the fowls were filled with their flesh.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

2K 18:21. Ps 51:17; 98:1; 147:3. Is 40:11; 42:3; 57:15; 61:1. Lm 3:31. Ezk 34:16. Mt 11:28. Lk 4:18. Ro 15:17. 2Co 2:7, 14; 10:3. He 12:12. Rv 6:2; 19:11.

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