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Matthew 11:23 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And thou, Capernaum, shalt thou be exalted unto heaven? thou shalt go down unto Hades: for if the mighty works had been done in Sodom which were done in thee, it would have remained until this day.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And thou, Capernaum, which art exalted unto heaven, shalt be brought down to hell: for if the mighty works, which have been done in thee, had been done in Sodom, it would have remained until this day.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “And you, Capernaum, will not be exalted to heaven, will you? You will descend to Hades; for if the miracles had occurred in Sodom which occurred in you, it would have remained to this day.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And thou, Capernaum, which art exalted to heaven, shalt be brought down to hell: for if the mighty works which have been done in thee, had been done in Sodom, it would have remained until this day.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And *thou*, Capernaum, who hast been raised up to heaven, shalt be brought down even to hades. For if the works of power which have taken place in thee, had taken place in Sodom, it had remained until this day.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, thou, Capernaum! Unto heaven, shalt thou be uplifted? Unto hades, thou shall be brought down; because, if, in Sodom, had been done the works of power, which were done in thee, it would, in that case, have remained until this day.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'And thou, Capernaum, which unto the heaven wast exalted, unto hades shalt be brought down, because if in Sodom had been done the mighty works that were done in thee, it had remained unto this day;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And thou Capharnaum, shalt thou be exalted up to heaven? thou shalt go down even unto hell. For if in Sodom had been wrought the miracles that have been wrought in thee, perhaps it had remained unto this day.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And thou Capernaum, which art exalted vnto heauen, shalt be brought downe to hell: For if the mighty works which haue beene done in thee, had bin done in Sodome, it would haue remained vntil this day.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And thou, Kaphernachum, who unto heaven art exalted, unto Shiul shalt be brought down; for if in Sadum had been done those miracles which have been done in thee, it would have stood until this day.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And thou, Capernaum, which hast been lifted up to heaven, shalt be brought down to the grave. For if those deeds of power which were done in thee, had been done in Sodom, it would have stood to this day.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
thou, 4771
{4771} Prime
σύ
su
{soo}
The personal pronoun of the second person singular; thou.
Capernaum, 2584
{2584} Prime
Καπερναούμ
Kapernaoum
{cap-er-nah-oom'}
Of Hebrew origin (probably [H3723] and [H5151]); Capernaum (that is, Caphanachum), a place in Palestine.
which y3588
[3588] Standard

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
art exalted 5312
{5312} Prime
ὑψόω
hupsoo
{hoop-so'-o}
From G5311; to elevate (literally or figuratively).
z5685
<5685> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 215
unto 2193
{2193} Prime
ἕως
heos
{heh'-oce}
Of uncertain affinity; a conjugation, preposition and adverb of continuance, until (of time and place).
heaven, 3772
{3772} Prime
οὐρανός
ouranos
{oo-ran-os'}
Perhaps from the same as G3735 (through the idea of elevation); the sky; by extension heaven (as the abode of God); by implication happiness, power, eternity; specifically the Gospel (Christianity).
shalt be brought down 2601
{2601} Prime
καταβιβάζω
katabibazo
{kat-ab-ib-ad'-zo}
From G2596 and a derivative of the base of G0939; to cause to go down, that is, precipitate.
z5701
<5701> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 251
to 2193
{2193} Prime
ἕως
heos
{heh'-oce}
Of uncertain affinity; a conjugation, preposition and adverb of continuance, until (of time and place).
hell: 86
{0086} Prime
ᾅδης
hades
{hah'-dace}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and G1492; properly unseen, that is, 'Hades' or the place (state) of departed souls.
for 3754
{3754} Prime
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
if 1487
{1487} Prime
εἰ
ei
{i}
A primary particle of conditionality; if, whether, that, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
mighty works, 1411
{1411} Prime
δύναμις
dunamis
{doo'-nam-is}
From G1410; force (literally or figuratively); specifically miraculous power (usually by implication a miracle itself).
which y3588
[3588] Standard

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
have been done 1096
{1096} Prime
γίνομαι
ginomai
{ghin'-om-ahee}
A prolonged and middle form of a primary verb; to cause to be ('gen' -erate), that is, (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literally, figuratively, intensively, etc.).
z5637
<5637> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 137
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
thee, 4671
{4671} Prime
σοί
soi
{soy}
Dative case of G4771; to thee.
had been done 1096
{1096} Prime
γίνομαι
ginomai
{ghin'-om-ahee}
A prolonged and middle form of a primary verb; to cause to be ('gen' -erate), that is, (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literally, figuratively, intensively, etc.).
z5633
<5633> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 260
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
Sodom, 4670
{4670} Prime
Σόδομα
Sodoma
{sod'-om-ah}
Plural, of Hebrew origin [H5467]; Sodoma (that is, Sedom), a place in Palestine.
it would have remained 3306
{3306} Prime
μένω
meno
{men'-o}
A primary verb; to stay (in a given place, state, relation or expectancy).
y302
[0302] Standard
ἄν
an
{an}
A primary particle, denoting a supposition, wish, possibility or uncertainty.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
until 3360
{3360} Prime
μέχρι
mechri
{mekh'-ree}
From G3372; as far as, that is, up to a certain point (as preposition of extent [denoting the terminus, whereas G0891 refers especially to the space of time or place intervening] or conjugation).
this day. 4594
{4594} Prime
σήμερον
semeron
{say'-mer-on}
Neuter (as adverb) of a presumed compound of the article G3588 ('tau' changed to 'sigma') and G2250; on the (that is, this) day (or night current or just passed); genitively now (that is, at present, hitherto).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Matthew 11:23

_ _ And thou, Capernaum — (See on Matthew 4:13).

_ _ which art exalted unto heaven — Not even of Chorazin and Bethsaida is this said. For since at Capernaum Jesus had His stated abode during the whole period of His public life which He spent in Galilee, it was the most favored spot upon earth, the most exalted in privilege.

_ _ shall be brought down to hell: for if the mighty works, which have been done in thee, had been done in Sodom — destroyed for its pollutions.

_ _ it would have remained until this day — having done no such violence to conscience, and so incurred unspeakably less guilt.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 11:16-24.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Matthew 11:23

Thou Capernaum, who hast been exalted to heaven — That is, highly honoured by my presence and miracles.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Capernaum:

Matthew 4:13 And leaving Nazareth, he came and dwelt in Capernaum, which is upon the sea coast, in the borders of Zabulon and Nephthalim:
Matthew 8:5 And when Jesus was entered into Capernaum, there came unto him a centurion, beseeching him,
Matthew 17:24 And when they were come to Capernaum, they that received tribute [money] came to Peter, and said, Doth not your master pay tribute?
Luke 4:23 And he said unto them, Ye will surely say unto me this proverb, Physician, heal thyself: whatsoever we have heard done in Capernaum, do also here in thy country.
John 4:46-54 So Jesus came again into Cana of Galilee, where he made the water wine. And there was a certain nobleman, whose son was sick at Capernaum. ... This [is] again the second miracle [that] Jesus did, when he was come out of Judaea into Galilee.

which art:

Isaiah 14:13-15 For thou hast said in thine heart, I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God: I will sit also upon the mount of the congregation, in the sides of the north: ... Yet thou shalt be brought down to hell, to the sides of the pit.
Lamentations 2:1 How hath the Lord covered the daughter of Zion with a cloud in his anger, [and] cast down from heaven unto the earth the beauty of Israel, and remembered not his footstool in the day of his anger!
Ezekiel 28:12-19 Son of man, take up a lamentation upon the king of Tyrus, and say unto him, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Thou sealest up the sum, full of wisdom, and perfect in beauty. ... All they that know thee among the people shall be astonished at thee: thou shalt be a terror, and never [shalt] thou [be] any more.
Ezekiel 31:16-17 I made the nations to shake at the sound of his fall, when I cast him down to hell with them that descend into the pit: and all the trees of Eden, the choice and best of Lebanon, all that drink water, shall be comforted in the nether parts of the earth. ... They also went down into hell with him unto [them that be] slain with the sword; and [they that were] his arm, [that] dwelt under his shadow in the midst of the heathen.
Obadiah 1:4 Though thou exalt [thyself] as the eagle, and though thou set thy nest among the stars, thence will I bring thee down, saith the LORD.
Luke 14:11 For whosoever exalteth himself shall be abased; and he that humbleth himself shall be exalted.
2 Peter 2:4-9 For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast [them] down to hell, and delivered [them] into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment; ... The Lord knoweth how to deliver the godly out of temptations, and to reserve the unjust unto the day of judgment to be punished:

in Sodom:

Genesis 13:13 But the men of Sodom [were] wicked and sinners before the LORD exceedingly.
Genesis 19:24-25 Then the LORD rained upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the LORD out of heaven; ... And he overthrew those cities, and all the plain, and all the inhabitants of the cities, and that which grew upon the ground.
Ezekiel 16:48-50 [As] I live, saith the Lord GOD, Sodom thy sister hath not done, she nor her daughters, as thou hast done, thou and thy daughters. ... And they were haughty, and committed abomination before me: therefore I took them away as I saw [good].
Jude 1:7 Even as Sodom and Gomorrha, and the cities about them in like manner, giving themselves over to fornication, and going after strange flesh, are set forth for an example, suffering the vengeance of eternal fire.
Revelation 11:8 And their dead bodies [shall lie] in the street of the great city, which spiritually is called Sodom and Egypt, where also our Lord was crucified.
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Gn 13:13; 19:24. Is 14:13. Lm 2:1. Ezk 16:48; 28:12; 31:16. Ob 1:4. Mt 4:13; 8:5; 17:24. Lk 4:23; 14:11. Jn 4:46. 2P 2:4. Jde 1:7. Rv 11:8.

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