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Matthew 11:20 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Then began he to upbraid the cities wherein most of his mighty works were done, because they repented not.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Then began he to upbraid the cities wherein most of his mighty works were done, because they repented not:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then He began to denounce the cities in which most of His miracles were done, because they did not repent.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Then he began to upbraid the cities in which most of his mighty works had been done, because they repented not.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Then began he to reproach the cities in which most of his works of power had taken place, because they had not repented.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then, began he to upbraid the cities, in which had been done his noblest mighty works; because they repented not:—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Then began he to reproach the cities in which were done most of his mighty works, because they did not reform.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Then began he to upbraid the cities wherein were done the most of his miracles, for that they had not done penance.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Then began he to vpbraid the cities wherein most of his mighty works were done, because they repented not.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Then began Jeshu to reproach those cities in which were done many of his miracles, and which did not repent,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Then began Jesus to reproach the cities, in which his many deeds of power were wrought, yet they repented not.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Then 5119
{5119} Prime
τότε
tote
{tot'-eh}
From (the neuter of) G3588 and G3753; the when, that is, at the time that (of the past or future, also in consecution).
began x756
(0756) Complement
ἄρχομαι
archomai
{ar'-khom-ahee}
Middle voice of G0757 (through the implication of precedence); to commence (in order of time).
he y756
[0756] Standard
ἄρχομαι
archomai
{ar'-khom-ahee}
Middle voice of G0757 (through the implication of precedence); to commence (in order of time).
z5662
<5662> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 352
to upbraid 3679
{3679} Prime
ὀνειδίζω
oneidizo
{on-i-did'-zo}
From G3681; to defame, that is, rail at, chide, taunt.
z5721
<5721> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 647
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
cities 4172
{4172} Prime
πόλις
polis
{pol'-is}
Probably from the same as G4171, or perhaps from G4183; a town (properly with walls, of greater or less size).
wherein 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
most 4118
{4118} Prime
πλεῖστος
pleistos
{plice'-tos}
Irregular superlative of G4183; the largest number or very large.
of his 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
mighty works 1411
{1411} Prime
δύναμις
dunamis
{doo'-nam-is}
From G1410; force (literally or figuratively); specifically miraculous power (usually by implication a miracle itself).
were done, 1096
{1096} Prime
γίνομαι
ginomai
{ghin'-om-ahee}
A prolonged and middle form of a primary verb; to cause to be ('gen' -erate), that is, (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literally, figuratively, intensively, etc.).
z5633
<5633> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 260
because 3754
{3754} Prime
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
they repented 3340
{3340} Prime
μετανοέω
metanoeo
{met-an-o-eh'-o}
From G3326 and G3539; to think differently or afterwards, that is, reconsider (morally to feel compunction).
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
not: 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Matthew 11:20

_ _ Matthew 11:20-30. Outburst of feeling suggested to the mind of Jesus by the result of his labors in Galilee.

_ _ The connection of this with what goes before it and the similarity of its tone make it evident, we think, that it was delivered on the same occasion, and that it is but a new and more comprehensive series of reflections in the same strain.

_ _ Then began he to upbraid the cities wherein most of his mighty works were done, because they repented not.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 11:16-24.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Matthew 11:20

Then began he to upbraid the cities — It is observable he had never upbraided them before. Indeed at first they received him with all gladness, Capernaum in particular.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Matthew 11:20

(5) Then began he to upbraid the cities wherein most of his mighty works were done, because they repented not:

(5) The proud reject the gospel offered to them (to their great hurt and pain) which leads to the salvation of the simple.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
began:

Luke 10:13-15 Woe unto thee, Chorazin! woe unto thee, Bethsaida! for if the mighty works had been done in Tyre and Sidon, which have been done in you, they had a great while ago repented, sitting in sackcloth and ashes. ... And thou, Capernaum, which art exalted to heaven, shalt be thrust down to hell.

upbraid:

Psalms 81:11-13 But my people would not hearken to my voice; and Israel would none of me. ... Oh that my people had hearkened unto me, [and] Israel had walked in my ways!
Isaiah 1:2-5 Hear, O heavens, and give ear, O earth: for the LORD hath spoken, I have nourished and brought up children, and they have rebelled against me. ... Why should ye be stricken any more? ye will revolt more and more: the whole head is sick, and the whole heart faint.
Micah 6:1-5 Hear ye now what the LORD saith; Arise, contend thou before the mountains, and let the hills hear thy voice. ... O my people, remember now what Balak king of Moab consulted, and what Balaam the son of Beor answered him from Shittim unto Gilgal; that ye may know the righteousness of the LORD.
Mark 9:19 He answereth him, and saith, O faithless generation, how long shall I be with you? how long shall I suffer you? bring him unto me.
Mark 16:14 Afterward he appeared unto the eleven as they sat at meat, and upbraided them with their unbelief and hardness of heart, because they believed not them which had seen him after he was risen.
James 1:5 If any of you lack wisdom, let him ask of God, that giveth to all [men] liberally, and upbraideth not; and it shall be given him.

because:

Matthew 12:41 The men of Nineveh shall rise in judgment with this generation, and shall condemn it: because they repented at the preaching of Jonas; and, behold, a greater than Jonas [is] here.
Matthew 21:28-32 But what think ye? A [certain] man had two sons; and he came to the first, and said, Son, go work to day in my vineyard. ... For John came unto you in the way of righteousness, and ye believed him not: but the publicans and the harlots believed him: and ye, when ye had seen [it], repented not afterward, that ye might believe him.
Jeremiah 8:6 I hearkened and heard, [but] they spake not aright: no man repented him of his wickedness, saying, What have I done? every one turned to his course, as the horse rusheth into the battle.
Acts 17:20 For thou bringest certain strange things to our ears: we would know therefore what these things mean.
2 Timothy 2:25-26 In meekness instructing those that oppose themselves; if God peradventure will give them repentance to the acknowledging of the truth; ... And [that] they may recover themselves out of the snare of the devil, who are taken captive by him at his will.
Revelation 2:21 And I gave her space to repent of her fornication; and she repented not.
Revelation 9:20-21 And the rest of the men which were not killed by these plagues yet repented not of the works of their hands, that they should not worship devils, and idols of gold, and silver, and brass, and stone, and of wood: which neither can see, nor hear, nor walk: ... Neither repented they of their murders, nor of their sorceries, nor of their fornication, nor of their thefts.
Revelation 16:9 And men were scorched with great heat, and blasphemed the name of God, which hath power over these plagues: and they repented not to give him glory.
Revelation 16:11 And blasphemed the God of heaven because of their pains and their sores, and repented not of their deeds.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 81:11. Is 1:2. Jr 8:6. Mi 6:1. Mt 12:41; 21:28. Mk 9:19; 16:14. Lk 10:13. Ac 17:20. 2Ti 2:25. Jm 1:5. Rv 2:21; 9:20; 16:9, 11.

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