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Matthew 10:8 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Heal the sick, raise the dead, cleanse the lepers, cast out demons: freely ye received, freely give.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Heal the sick, cleanse the lepers, raise the dead, cast out devils: freely ye have received, freely give.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Heal [the] sick, raise [the] dead, cleanse [the] lepers, cast out demons. Freely you received, freely give.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Heal the sick, cleanse the lepers, raise the dead, cast out demons: freely ye have received, freely give.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Heal [the] infirm, [raise the dead], cleanse lepers, cast out demons: ye have received gratuitously, give gratuitously.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Be curing, the sick, raising, the dead,—cleansing, lepers, casting out, demons: freely, ye have, received, freely, give.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— infirm ones be healing, lepers be cleansing, dead be raising, demons be casting out—freely ye did receive, freely give.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Heal the sick, raise the dead, cleanse the lepers, cast out devils: freely have you received, freely give.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Heale the sicke, cleanse the lepers, raise the dead, cast out deuils: freely ye haue receiued, freely giue.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— The diseased heal, the lepers cleanse, the dead raise, and the demons cast forth. Freely you have received, freely give.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Heal ye the sick; cleanse the leprous; [raise the dead;] and cast out demons. Freely ye have received; freely give.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Heal 2323
{2323} Prime
θεραπεύω
therapeuo
{ther-ap-yoo'-o}
From the same as G2324; to wait upon menially, that is, (figuratively) to adore (God), or (specifically) to relieve (of disease).
z5720
<5720> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 592
the sick, 770
{0770} Prime
ἀσθενέω
astheneo
{as-then-eh'-o}
From G0772; to be feeble (in any sense).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
cleanse 2511
{2511} Prime
καθαρίζω
katharizo
{kath-ar-id'-zo}
From G2513; to cleanse (literally or figuratively).
z5720
<5720> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 592
the lepers, 3015
{3015} Prime
λεπρός
lepros
{lep-ros'}
From the same as G3014; scaly, that is, leprous (a leper).
raise 1453
{1453} Prime
ἐγείρω
egeiro
{eg-i'-ro}
Probably akin to the base of G0058 (through the idea of collecting one's faculties); to waken (transitively or intransitively), that is, rouse (literally from sleep, from sitting or lying, from disease, from death; or figuratively from obscurity, inactivity, ruins, nonexistence).
z5720
<5720> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 592
the dead, 3498
{3498} Prime
νεκρός
nekros
{nek-ros'}
From an apparently primary word νέκυς [[nekus]] (a corpse); dead (literally or figuratively; also as noun).
cast out 1544
{1544} Prime
ἐκβάλλω
ekballo
{ek-bal'-lo}
From G1537 and G0906; to eject (literally or figuratively).
z5720
<5720> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 592
devils: 1140
{1140} Prime
δαιμόνιον
daimonion
{dahee-mon'-ee-on}
Neuter of a derivative of G1142; a daemonic being; by extension a deity.
freely 1432
{1432} Prime
δωρεάν
dorean
{do-reh-an'}
Accusative case of G1431 as adverb; gratuitously (literally or figuratively).
ye have received, 2983
{2983} Prime
λαμβάνω
lambano
{lam-ban'-o}
A prolonged form of a primary verb, which is used only as an alternate in certain tenses; to take (in very many applications, literally and figuratively [probably objective or active, to get hold of; whereas G1209 is rather subjective or passive, to have offered to one; while G0138 is more violent, to seize or remove]).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
freely 1432
{1432} Prime
δωρεάν
dorean
{do-reh-an'}
Accusative case of G1431 as adverb; gratuitously (literally or figuratively).
give. 1325
{1325} Prime
δίδωμι
didomi
{did'-o-mee}
A prolonged form of a primary verb (which is used as an alternate in most of the tenses); to give (used in a very wide application, properly or by implication, literally or figuratively; greatly modified by the connection).
z5628
<5628> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 459
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Matthew 10:8

_ _ Heal the sick, cleanse the lepers, raise the dead, cast out devils — (The italicized clause — “raise the dead” — is wanting in many manuscripts). Here we have the first communication of supernatural power by Christ Himself to His followers — thus anticipating the gifts of Pentecost. And right royally does He dispense it.

_ _ freely ye have received, freely give — Divine saying, divinely said! (Compare Deuteronomy 15:10, Deuteronomy 15:11; Acts 3:6) — an apple of gold in a setting of silver (Proverbs 25:11). It reminds us of that other golden saying of our Lord, rescued from oblivion by Paul, “It is more blessed to give than to receive” (Acts 20:35). Who can estimate what the world owes to such sayings, and with what beautiful foliage and rich fruit such seeds have covered, and will yet cover, this earth!

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 10:5-15.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Matthew 10:8

Cast out devils — It is a great relief to the spirits of an infidel, sinking under a dread, that possibly the Gospel may be true, to find it observed by a learned brother, that the diseases therein ascribed to the operation of the devil have the very same symptoms with the natural diseases of lunacy, epilepsy, or convulsions; whence he readily and very willingly concludes, that the devil had no hand in them. But it were well to stop and consider a little. Suppose God should suffer an evil spirit to usurp the same power over a man's body, as the man himself has naturally; and suppose him actually to exercise that power; could we conclude the devil had no hand therein, because his body was bent in the very same manner wherein the man himself might have bent it naturally? And suppose God gives an evil spirit a greater power, to effect immediately the organ of the nerves in the brain, by irritating them to produce violent motions, or so relaxing them that they can produce little or no motion; still the symptoms will be those of over tense nerves, as in madness, epilepsies, convulsions; or of relaxed nerves, as in paralytic cases. But could we conclude thence that the devil had no hand in them? Will any man affirm that God cannot or will not, on any occasion whatever, give such a power to an evil spirit? Or that effects, the like of which may be produced by natural causes, cannot possibly be produced by preternatural? If this be possible, then he who affirms it was so, in any particular case, cannot be justly charged with falsehood, merely for affirming the reality of a possible thing. Yet in this manner are the evangelists treated by those unhappy men, who above all things dread the truth of the Gospel, because, if it is true, they are of all men the most miserable. Freely ye have received — All things; in particular the power of working miracles; freely give — Exert that power wherever you come. Mark 6:7; Luke 9:2.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Matthew 10:8

(3) Heal the sick, cleanse the lepers, raise the dead, cast out devils: freely ye have received, freely give.

(3) Miracles are signs verifying the word.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Heal:

Matthew 10:1 And when he had called unto [him] his twelve disciples, he gave them power [against] unclean spirits, to cast them out, and to heal all manner of sickness and all manner of disease.
Mark 16:18 They shall take up serpents; and if they drink any deadly thing, it shall not hurt them; they shall lay hands on the sick, and they shall recover.
Luke 10:9 And heal the sick that are therein, and say unto them, The kingdom of God is come nigh unto you.
Acts 4:9-10 If we this day be examined of the good deed done to the impotent man, by what means he is made whole; ... Be it known unto you all, and to all the people of Israel, that by the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, whom ye crucified, whom God raised from the dead, [even] by him doth this man stand here before you whole.
Acts 4:30 By stretching forth thine hand to heal; and that signs and wonders may be done by the name of thy holy child Jesus.
Acts 5:12-15 And by the hands of the apostles were many signs and wonders wrought among the people; (and they were all with one accord in Solomon's porch. ... Insomuch that they brought forth the sick into the streets, and laid [them] on beds and couches, that at the least the shadow of Peter passing by might overshadow some of them.

freely ye:

2 Kings 5:15-16 And he returned to the man of God, he and all his company, and came, and stood before him: and he said, Behold, now I know that [there is] no God in all the earth, but in Israel: now therefore, I pray thee, take a blessing of thy servant. ... But he said, [As] the LORD liveth, before whom I stand, I will receive none. And he urged him to take [it]; but he refused.
2 Kings 5:20-27 But Gehazi, the servant of Elisha the man of God, said, Behold, my master hath spared Naaman this Syrian, in not receiving at his hands that which he brought: but, [as] the LORD liveth, I will run after him, and take somewhat of him. ... The leprosy therefore of Naaman shall cleave unto thee, and unto thy seed for ever. And he went out from his presence a leper [as white] as snow.
Acts 3:6 Then Peter said, Silver and gold have I none; but such as I have give I thee: In the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth rise up and walk.
Acts 8:18-23 And when Simon saw that through laying on of the apostles' hands the Holy Ghost was given, he offered them money, ... For I perceive that thou art in the gall of bitterness, and [in] the bond of iniquity.
Acts 20:33-35 I have coveted no man's silver, or gold, or apparel. ... I have shewed you all things, how that so labouring ye ought to support the weak, and to remember the words of the Lord Jesus, how he said, It is more blessed to give than to receive.
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2K 5:15, 20. Mt 10:1. Mk 16:18. Lk 10:9. Ac 3:6; 4:9, 30; 5:12; 8:18; 20:33.

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