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Matthew 10:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Philip, and Bartholomew; Thomas, and Matthew the publican; James the [son] of Alphaeus, and Thaddaeus;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Philip, and Bartholomew; Thomas, and Matthew the publican; James [the son] of Alphaeus, and Lebbaeus, whose surname was Thaddaeus;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Philip and Bartholomew; Thomas and Matthew the tax collector; James the son of Alphaeus, and Thaddaeus;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Philip, and Bartholomew; Thomas, and Matthew the publican; James [the son] of Alpheus, and Lebbeus, whose surname was Thaddeus;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Philip and Bartholomew; Thomas, and Matthew the tax-gatherer; James the [son] of Alphaeus, and Lebbaeus, who was surnamed Thaddaeus;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Philip, and Bartholomew,—Thomas, and Matthew, the tax-collector; James, the son of Alphaeus, and Thadaeus;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Philip, and Bartholomew; Thomas, and Matthew the tax-gatherer; James of Alpheus, and Lebbeus who was surnamed Thaddeus;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother, Philip and Bartholomew, Thomas and Matthew the publican, and James the son of Alpheus, and Thaddeus,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Philip, and Bartholomew, Thomas, and Matthew the Publicane, Iames the sonne of Alpheus, and Lebbeus, whose surname was Thaddeus:
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— and Philipos, and Bar-Tholmai, and Thoma, and Mathai the tribute-gatherer, and Jakubbar-Chalphai, and Labi who was surnamed Thadai,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— and Philip, and Bartholomew, and Thomas, and Matthew the publican; and James the son of Alpheus, and Lebbeus who was called Thaddeus;

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Philip, 5376
{5376} Prime
Φίλιππος
Philippos
{fil'-ip-pos}
From G5384 and G2462; fond of horses; Philippus, the name of four Israelites.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
Bartholomew; 918
{0918} Prime
Βαρθολομαῖος
Bartholomaios
{bar-thol-om-ah'-yos}
Of Chaldee origin [H1247] and [H8526]; son of Tolmai; Bar-tholomaeus, a Christian apostle.
Thomas, 2381
{2381} Prime
Θωμᾶς
Thomas
{tho-mas'}
Of Chaldee origin (compare [H8380]); the twin; Thomas, a Christian.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
Matthew 3156
{3156} Prime
Ματθαῖος
Matthaios
{mat-thah'-yos}
A shorter form of G3161; Matthaeus (that is, Matthitjah), an Israelite and Christian.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
publican; y5057
[5057] Standard
τελώνης
telones
{tel-o'-nace}
From G5056 and G5608; a tax farmer, that is, collector of public revenue.
x5067
(5067) Complement
τέταρτος
tetartos
{tet'-ar-tos}
From G5064; fourth.
James 2385
{2385} Prime
Ἰάκωβος
Iakobos
{ee-ak'-o-bos}
The same as G2384 Graecized; Jacobus, the name of three Israelites.
[the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
son
] of y3588
[3588] Standard

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
Alphaeus, 256
{0256} Prime
Ἁλφαῖος
Alphaios
{al-fah'-yos}
Of Hebrew origin (compare [H2501]); Alpheus, an Israelite.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
Lebbaeus, 3002
{3002} Prime
Λεββαῖος
Lebbaios
{leb-bah'-yos}
Of uncertain origin; Lebbaeus, a Christian.
whose surname was 1941
{1941} Prime
ἐπικαλέομαι
epikaleomai
{ep-ee-kal-eh'-om-ahee}
Middle voice from G1909 and G2564; to entitle; by implication to invoke (for aid, worship, testimony, decision, etc.).
z5685
<5685> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 215
Thaddaeus; 2280
{2280} Prime
Θαδδαῖος
Thaddaios
{thad-dah'-yos}
Of uncertain origin; Thaddaeus, one of the Apostles.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Matthew 10:3

_ _ Philip and Bartholomew — That this person is the same with “Nathanael of Cana in Galilee” is justly concluded for the three following reasons: First, because Bartholomew is not so properly an individual’s name as a family surname; next, because not only in this list, but in Mark’s and Luke’s (Mark 3:18; Luke 6:14), he follows the name of “Philip,” who was the instrument of bringing Nathanael first to Jesus (John 1:45); and again, when our Lord, after His resurrection, appeared at the Sea of Tiberias, “Nathanael of Cana in Galilee” is mentioned along with six others, all of them apostles, as being present (John 21:2).

_ _ Matthew the publican — In none of the four lists of the Twelve is this apostle so branded but in his own, as if he would have all to know how deep a debtor he had been to his Lord. (See on Matthew 1:3, Matthew 1:5, Matthew 1:6; see on Matthew 9:9).

_ _ James the son of Alphaeus — the same person apparently who is called Cleopas or Clopas (Luke 24:18; John 19:25); and, as he was the husband of Mary, sister to the Virgin, James the Less must have been our Lord’s cousin.

_ _ and Lebbaeus, whose surname was Thaddaeus — the same, without doubt, as “Judas the brother of James,” mentioned in both the lists of Luke (Luke 6:16; Acts 1:13), while no one of the name of Lebbaeus or Thaddaeus is so. It is he who in John (John 14:22) is sweetly called “Judas, not Iscariot.” That he was the author of the Catholic Epistle of “Jude,” and not “the Lord’s brother” (Matthew 13:55), unless these be the same, is most likely.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 10:1-4.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Matthew 10:3

Lebbeus — Commonly called Judas, the brother of James.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Philip:

Mark 3:18 And Andrew, and Philip, and Bartholomew, and Matthew, and Thomas, and James the [son] of Alphaeus, and Thaddaeus, and Simon the Canaanite,
Luke 6:14 Simon, (whom he also named Peter,) and Andrew his brother, James and John, Philip and Bartholomew,
John 1:43-46 The day following Jesus would go forth into Galilee, and findeth Philip, and saith unto him, Follow me. ... And Nathanael said unto him, Can there any good thing come out of Nazareth? Philip saith unto him, Come and see.
John 6:5-7 When Jesus then lifted up [his] eyes, and saw a great company come unto him, he saith unto Philip, Whence shall we buy bread, that these may eat? ... Philip answered him, Two hundred pennyworth of bread is not sufficient for them, that every one of them may take a little.
John 12:21-22 The same came therefore to Philip, which was of Bethsaida of Galilee, and desired him, saying, Sir, we would see Jesus. ... Philip cometh and telleth Andrew: and again Andrew and Philip tell Jesus.
John 14:9 Jesus saith unto him, Have I been so long time with you, and yet hast thou not known me, Philip? he that hath seen me hath seen the Father; and how sayest thou [then], Shew us the Father?

Thomas:

Luke 6:15 Matthew and Thomas, James the [son] of Alphaeus, and Simon called Zelotes,
John 11:16 Then said Thomas, which is called Didymus, unto his fellowdisciples, Let us also go, that we may die with him.
John 20:24-29 But Thomas, one of the twelve, called Didymus, was not with them when Jesus came. ... Jesus saith unto him, Thomas, because thou hast seen me, thou hast believed: blessed [are] they that have not seen, and [yet] have believed.
John 21:2 There were together Simon Peter, and Thomas called Didymus, and Nathanael of Cana in Galilee, and the [sons] of Zebedee, and two other of his disciples.

Matthew:

Matthew 9:9 And as Jesus passed forth from thence, he saw a man, named Matthew, sitting at the receipt of custom: and he saith unto him, Follow me. And he arose, and followed him.
Mark 2:14 And as he passed by, he saw Levi the [son] of Alphaeus sitting at the receipt of custom, and said unto him, Follow me. And he arose and followed him.
Luke 5:27 And after these things he went forth, and saw a publican, named Levi, sitting at the receipt of custom: and he said unto him, Follow me.
, Levi,
Luke 6:15 Matthew and Thomas, James the [son] of Alphaeus, and Simon called Zelotes,
Acts 1:13 And when they were come in, they went up into an upper room, where abode both Peter, and James, and John, and Andrew, Philip, and Thomas, Bartholomew, and Matthew, James [the son] of Alphaeus, and Simon Zelotes, and Judas [the brother] of James.

James:

Matthew 27:56 Among which was Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James and Joses, and the mother of Zebedee's children.
Mark 3:18 And Andrew, and Philip, and Bartholomew, and Matthew, and Thomas, and James the [son] of Alphaeus, and Thaddaeus, and Simon the Canaanite,
Luke 6:15-16 Matthew and Thomas, James the [son] of Alphaeus, and Simon called Zelotes, ... And Judas [the brother] of James, and Judas Iscariot, which also was the traitor.
Acts 1:13 And when they were come in, they went up into an upper room, where abode both Peter, and James, and John, and Andrew, Philip, and Thomas, Bartholomew, and Matthew, James [the son] of Alphaeus, and Simon Zelotes, and Judas [the brother] of James.
Acts 12:17 But he, beckoning unto them with the hand to hold their peace, declared unto them how the Lord had brought him out of the prison. And he said, Go shew these things unto James, and to the brethren. And he departed, and went into another place.
Acts 15:13 And after they had held their peace, James answered, saying, Men [and] brethren, hearken unto me:
Acts 21:18 And the [day] following Paul went in with us unto James; and all the elders were present.
Galatians 1:19 But other of the apostles saw I none, save James the Lord's brother.
Galatians 2:9 And when James, Cephas, and John, who seemed to be pillars, perceived the grace that was given unto me, they gave to me and Barnabas the right hands of fellowship; that we [should go] unto the heathen, and they unto the circumcision.
James 1:1 James, a servant of God and of the Lord Jesus Christ, to the twelve tribes which are scattered abroad, greeting.

Lebbaeus:

Mark 3:18 And Andrew, and Philip, and Bartholomew, and Matthew, and Thomas, and James the [son] of Alphaeus, and Thaddaeus, and Simon the Canaanite,
Luke 6:16 And Judas [the brother] of James, and Judas Iscariot, which also was the traitor.
, Judas the brother of James,
John 14:22 Judas saith unto him, not Iscariot, Lord, how is it that thou wilt manifest thyself unto us, and not unto the world?
, Judas, not Iscariot,
Acts 1:13 And when they were come in, they went up into an upper room, where abode both Peter, and James, and John, and Andrew, Philip, and Thomas, Bartholomew, and Matthew, James [the son] of Alphaeus, and Simon Zelotes, and Judas [the brother] of James.
Jude 1:1 Jude, the servant of Jesus Christ, and brother of James, to them that are sanctified by God the Father, and preserved in Jesus Christ, [and] called:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Mt 9:9; 27:56. Mk 2:14; 3:18. Lk 5:27; 6:14, 15, 16. Jn 1:43; 6:5; 11:16; 12:21; 14:9, 22; 20:24; 21:2. Ac 1:13; 12:17; 15:13; 21:18. Ga 1:19; 2:9. Jm 1:1. Jde 1:1.

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