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Matthew 1:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and Judah begat Perez and Zerah of Tamar; and Perez begat Hezron; and Hezron begat Ram;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And Judas begat Phares and Zara of Thamar; and Phares begat Esrom; and Esrom begat Aram;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Judah was the father of Perez and Zerah by Tamar, Perez was the father of Hezron, and Hezron the father of Ram.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And Judah begat Phares and Zara of Thamar; and Phares begat Esrom; and Esrom begat Aram;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and Juda begat Phares and Zara of Thamar; and Phares begat Esrom, and Esrom begat Aram,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And Judah begat Perez and Zarah of Tamah, and Perez begat Hezron, and Hezron begat Ram;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and Judah begat Pharez and Zarah of Tamar, and Pharez begat Hezron, and Hezron begat Ram,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And Judas begot Phares and Zara of Thamar. And Phares begot Esron. And Esron begot Aram.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Iudas begate Phares and Zara of Thamar, and Phares begate Esrom, and Esrom begate Aram.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Jehuda begat Pharets and Zoroch from Thomar. Pharets begat Hetsron, Hetsron begat Arom,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Judah begat Pharez and Zara of Tamar: Pharez begat Hezron: Hezron begat Ram:

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
Judas 2455
{2455} Prime
Ἰούδας
Ioudas
{ee-oo-das'}
Of Hebrew origin [H3063]; Judas (that is, Jehudah), the name of ten Israelites; also of the posterity of one of them and its region.
begat 1080
{1080} Prime
γεννάω
gennao
{ghen-nah'-o}
From a variation of G1085; to procreate (properly of the father, but by extension of the mother); figuratively to regenerate.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
Phares 5329
{5329} Prime
Φάρες
Phares
{far-es'}
Of Hebrew origin [H6557]; Phares (that is, Perets), an Israelite.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
Zara 2196
{2196} Prime
Ζάρα
Zara
{dzar-ah'}
Of Hebrew origin [H2226]; Zara (that is, Zerach), an Israelite.
of 1537
{1537} Prime
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
Thamar; 2283
{2283} Prime
Θαμάρ
Thamar
{tham'-ar}
Of Hebrew origin [H8559]; Thamar (that is, Tamar), an Israelitess.
and 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
Phares 5329
{5329} Prime
Φάρες
Phares
{far-es'}
Of Hebrew origin [H6557]; Phares (that is, Perets), an Israelite.
begat 1080
{1080} Prime
γεννάω
gennao
{ghen-nah'-o}
From a variation of G1085; to procreate (properly of the father, but by extension of the mother); figuratively to regenerate.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
Esrom; 2074
{2074} Prime
Ἑσρώμ
Esrom
{es-rome'}
Of Hebrew origin [H2696]; Esrom (that is, Chetsron), an Israelite.
and 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
Esrom 2074
{2074} Prime
Ἑσρώμ
Esrom
{es-rome'}
Of Hebrew origin [H2696]; Esrom (that is, Chetsron), an Israelite.
begat 1080
{1080} Prime
γεννάω
gennao
{ghen-nah'-o}
From a variation of G1085; to procreate (properly of the father, but by extension of the mother); figuratively to regenerate.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
Aram; 689
{0689} Prime
Ἀράμ
Aram
{ar-am'}
Of Hebrew origin [H7410]; Aram (that is, Ram), an Israelite.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Matthew 1:3-6

_ _ And Judas begat Phares and Zara of Thamar; and Phares begat Esrom; and Esrom begat Aram; 4. And Aram begat Aminadab; and Aminadab begat Naasson; and Naasson begat Salmon; 5. And Salmon begat Booz of Rachab; and Booz begat Obed of Ruth; and Obed begat Jesse; 6. And Jesse begat David the king; and David the king begat Solomon of her of Urias — Four women are here introduced; two of them Gentiles by birth — Rachab and Ruth; and three of them with a blot at their names in the Old Testament — Thamar, Rachab, and Bath-sheba. This feature in the present genealogy — herein differing from that given by Luke — comes well from him who styles himself in his list of the Twelve, what none of the other lists do, “Matthew the publican”; as if thereby to hold forth, at the very outset, the unsearchable riches of that grace which could not only fetch in “them that are afar off,” but teach down even to “publicans and harlots,” and raise them to “sit with the princes of his people.” David is here twice emphatically styled “David the king,” as not only the first of that royal line from which Messiah was to descend, but the one king of all that line from which the throne that Messiah was to occupy took its name — “the throne of David.” The angel Gabriel, in announcing Him to His virgin-mother, calls it “the throne of David His father,” sinking all the intermediate kings of that line, as having no importance save as links to connect the first and the last king of Israel as father and son. It will be observed that Rachab is here represented as the great-grandmother of David (see Ruth 4:20-22; 1 Chronicles 2:11-15) — a thing not beyond possibility indeed, but extremely improbable, there being about four centuries between them. There can hardly be a doubt that one or two intermediate links are omitted.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 1:1-17.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Matthew 1:3

Of Thamar — St. Matthew adds the names of those women also, that were remarkable in the sacred history.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Judas:

Genesis 38:27 And it came to pass in the time of her travail, that, behold, twins [were] in her womb.
Genesis 38:29-30 And it came to pass, as he drew back his hand, that, behold, his brother came out: and she said, How hast thou broken forth? [this] breach [be] upon thee: therefore his name was called Pharez. ... And afterward came out his brother, that had the scarlet thread upon his hand: and his name was called Zarah.
Genesis 46:12 And the sons of Judah; Er, and Onan, and Shelah, and Pharez, and Zerah: but Er and Onan died in the land of Canaan. And the sons of Pharez were Hezron and Hamul.
, Judah, Pharez, Zarah,
Numbers 26:20-21 And the sons of Judah after their families were; of Shelah, the family of the Shelanites: of Pharez, the family of the Pharzites: of Zerah, the family of the Zarhites. ... And the sons of Pharez were; of Hezron, the family of the Hezronites: of Hamul, the family of the Hamulites.
1 Chronicles 2:3-4 The sons of Judah; Er, and Onan, and Shelah: [which] three were born unto him of the daughter of Shua the Canaanitess. And Er, the firstborn of Judah, was evil in the sight of the LORD; and he slew him. ... And Tamar his daughter in law bare him Pharez and Zerah. All the sons of Judah [were] five.
, Zerah,
1 Chronicles 9:6 And of the sons of Zerah; Jeuel, and their brethren, six hundred and ninety.

Thamar:

Genesis 38:6 And Judah took a wife for Er his firstborn, whose name [was] Tamar.
Genesis 38:11 Then said Judah to Tamar his daughter in law, Remain a widow at thy father's house, till Shelah my son be grown: for he said, Lest peradventure he die also, as his brethren [did]. And Tamar went and dwelt in her father's house.
Genesis 38:24-26 And it came to pass about three months after, that it was told Judah, saying, Tamar thy daughter in law hath played the harlot; and also, behold, she [is] with child by whoredom. And Judah said, Bring her forth, and let her be burnt. ... And Judah acknowledged [them], and said, She hath been more righteous than I; because that I gave her not to Shelah my son. And he knew her again no more.
, Tamar

and Phares:

Genesis 46:12 And the sons of Judah; Er, and Onan, and Shelah, and Pharez, and Zerah: but Er and Onan died in the land of Canaan. And the sons of Pharez were Hezron and Hamul.
Numbers 26:21 And the sons of Pharez were; of Hezron, the family of the Hezronites: of Hamul, the family of the Hamulites.
Ruth 4:18 Now these [are] the generations of Pharez: Pharez begat Hezron,
1 Chronicles 2:5 The sons of Pharez; Hezron, and Hamul.
1 Chronicles 4:1 The sons of Judah; Pharez, Hezron, and Carmi, and Hur, and Shobal.
, Hezron,
Luke 3:33 Which was [the son] of Aminadab, which was [the son] of Aram, which was [the son] of Esrom, which was [the son] of Phares, which was [the son] of Juda,

Aram:

Ruth 4:19 And Hezron begat Ram, and Ram begat Amminadab,
1 Chronicles 2:9 The sons also of Hezron, that were born unto him; Jerahmeel, and Ram, and Chelubai.
, Ram
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 38:6, 11, 24, 27, 29; 46:12. Nu 26:20, 21. Ru 4:18, 19. 1Ch 2:3, 5, 9; 4:1; 9:6. Lk 3:33.

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