Parallel Bible VersionsGreek Bible Study Tools

Matthew 1:19 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And Joseph her husband, being a righteous man, and not willing to make her a public example, was minded to put her away privily.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Then Joseph her husband, being a just [man], and not willing to make her a publick example, was minded to put her away privily.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And Joseph her husband, being a righteous man and not wanting to disgrace her, planned to send her away secretly.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Then Joseph her husband, being a just [man], and not willing to make her a public example, purposed to put her away privately.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But Joseph, her husband, being [a] righteous [man], and unwilling to expose her publicly, purposed to have put her away secretly;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Moreover, Joseph her husband, being, righteous, and yet unwilling to expose her,—intended, privately, to divorce her.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and Joseph her husband being righteous, and not willing to make her an example, did wish privately to send her away.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Whereupon Joseph her husband, being a just man, and not willing publicly to expose her, was minded to put her away privately.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Then Ioseph her husband being a iust man, and not willing to make her a publique example, was minded to put her away priuily.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— But Jauseph her husband was just, and, not willing to defame her, meditated privately to release her.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And Joseph her husband was a righteous man, and unwilling to expose her: and he thought of putting her away privately.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Then 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
Joseph 2501
{2501} Prime
Ἰωσήφ
Ioseph
{ee-o-safe'}
Of Hebrew origin [H3130]; Joseph, the name of seven Israelites.
her 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
husband, 435
{0435} Prime
ἀνήρ
aner
{an'-ayr}
A primary word (compare G0444); a man (properly as an individual male).
being 5607
{5607} Prime
ὤν
on
{oan}
The feminine, the neuter and the present participle of G1510; being.
z5752
<5752> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 186
a just 1342
{1342} Prime
δίκαιος
dikaios
{dik'-ah-yos}
From G1349; equitable (in character or act); by implication innocent, holy (absolutely or relatively).
[man], and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
not 3361
{3361} Prime
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
willing 2309
{2309} Prime
θέλω
thelo
{thel'-o}
In certain tenses θελέω [[theleo]], {thel-eh'-o}; and ἐθέλέω [[etheleo]], {eth-el-eh'-o}, which are otherwise obsolete; apparently strengthened from the alternate form of G0138; to determine (as an active voice option from subjective impulse; whereas G1014 properly denotes rather a passive voice acquiescence in objective considerations), that is, choose or prefer (literally or figuratively); by implication to wish, that is, be inclined to (sometimes adverbially gladly); impersonally for the future tense, to be about to; by Hebraism to delight in.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
to make y3856
[3856] Standard
παραδειγματίζω
paradeigmatizo
{par-ad-igue-mat-id'-zo}
From G3844 and G1165; to show alongside (the public), that is, expose to infamy.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
her y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
a publick example, 3856
{3856} Prime
παραδειγματίζω
paradeigmatizo
{par-ad-igue-mat-id'-zo}
From G3844 and G1165; to show alongside (the public), that is, expose to infamy.
z5658
<5658> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 516
x846
(0846) Complement
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
was minded 1014
{1014} Prime
βούλομαι
boulomai
{boo'-lom-ahee}
Middle voice of a primary verb; to 'will', that is, (reflexively) be willing.
z5675
<5675> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive Deponent (See G5789)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 79
to put y630
[0630] Standard
ἀπολύω
apoluo
{ap-ol-oo'-o}
From G0575 and G3089; to free fully, that is, (literally) relieve, release, dismiss (reflexively depart), or (figuratively) let die, pardon, or (specifically) divorce.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
her y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
away 630
{0630} Prime
ἀπολύω
apoluo
{ap-ol-oo'-o}
From G0575 and G3089; to free fully, that is, (literally) relieve, release, dismiss (reflexively depart), or (figuratively) let die, pardon, or (specifically) divorce.
z5658
<5658> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 516
x846
(0846) Complement
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
privily. 2977
{2977} Prime
λάθρᾳ
lathra
{lath'-rah}
Adverb from G2990; privately.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Matthew 1:19

_ _ Then Joseph her husband — Compare Matthew 1:20, “Mary, thy wife.” Betrothal was, in Jewish law, valid marriage. In giving Mary up, therefore, Joseph had to take legal steps to effect the separation.

_ _ being a just man, and not willing to make her a public example — to expose her (see Deuteronomy 22:23, Deuteronomy 22:24)

_ _ was minded to put her away privily — that is, privately by giving her the required writing of divorcement (Deuteronomy 24:1), in presence of only two or three witnesses, and without cause assigned, instead of having her before a magistrate. That some communication had passed between him and his betrothed, directly or indirectly, on the subject, after she returned from her three months’ visit to Elizabeth, can hardly be doubted. Nor does the purpose to divorce her necessarily imply disbelief, on Joseph’s part, of the explanation given him. Even supposing him to have yielded to it some reverential assent — and the Evangelist seems to convey as much, by ascribing the proposal to screen her to the justice of his character — he might think it altogether unsuitable and incongruous in such circumstances to follow out the marriage.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 1:18-25.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Matthew 1:19

A just man — A strict observer of the law: therefore not thinking it right to keep her.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
her husband:

Leviticus 19:20 And whosoever lieth carnally with a woman, that [is] a bondmaid, betrothed to an husband, and not at all redeemed, nor freedom given her; she shall be scourged; they shall not be put to death, because she was not free.
Deuteronomy 22:23-24 If a damsel [that is] a virgin be betrothed unto an husband, and a man find her in the city, and lie with her; ... Then ye shall bring them both out unto the gate of that city, and ye shall stone them with stones that they die; the damsel, because she cried not, [being] in the city; and the man, because he hath humbled his neighbour's wife: so thou shalt put away evil from among you.

a just:

Genesis 6:9 These [are] the generations of Noah: Noah was a just man [and] perfect in his generations, [and] Noah walked with God.
Psalms 112:4-5 Unto the upright there ariseth light in the darkness: [he is] gracious, and full of compassion, and righteous. ... A good man sheweth favour, and lendeth: he will guide his affairs with discretion.
Mark 6:20 For Herod feared John, knowing that he was a just man and an holy, and observed him; and when he heard him, he did many things, and heard him gladly.
Luke 2:25 And, behold, there was a man in Jerusalem, whose name [was] Simeon; and the same man [was] just and devout, waiting for the consolation of Israel: and the Holy Ghost was upon him.
Acts 10:22 And they said, Cornelius the centurion, a just man, and one that feareth God, and of good report among all the nation of the Jews, was warned from God by an holy angel to send for thee into his house, and to hear words of thee.

a public:

Genesis 38:24 And it came to pass about three months after, that it was told Judah, saying, Tamar thy daughter in law hath played the harlot; and also, behold, she [is] with child by whoredom. And Judah said, Bring her forth, and let her be burnt.
Leviticus 20:10 And the man that committeth adultery with [another] man's wife, [even he] that committeth adultery with his neighbour's wife, the adulterer and the adulteress shall surely be put to death.
Deuteronomy 22:21-24 Then they shall bring out the damsel to the door of her father's house, and the men of her city shall stone her with stones that she die: because she hath wrought folly in Israel, to play the whore in her father's house: so shalt thou put evil away from among you. ... Then ye shall bring them both out unto the gate of that city, and ye shall stone them with stones that they die; the damsel, because she cried not, [being] in the city; and the man, because he hath humbled his neighbour's wife: so thou shalt put away evil from among you.
John 8:4-5 They say unto him, Master, this woman was taken in adultery, in the very act. ... Now Moses in the law commanded us, that such should be stoned: but what sayest thou?

was:

Deuteronomy 24:1-4 When a man hath taken a wife, and married her, and it come to pass that she find no favour in his eyes, because he hath found some uncleanness in her: then let him write her a bill of divorcement, and give [it] in her hand, and send her out of his house. ... Her former husband, which sent her away, may not take her again to be his wife, after that she is defiled; for that [is] abomination before the LORD: and thou shalt not cause the land to sin, which the LORD thy God giveth thee [for] an inheritance.
Mark 10:4 And they said, Moses suffered to write a bill of divorcement, and to put [her] away.
Random Bible VersesNew Quotes



Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 6:9; 38:24. Lv 19:20; 20:10. Dt 22:21, 23; 24:1. Ps 112:4. Mk 6:20; 10:4. Lk 2:25. Jn 8:4. Ac 10:22.

Newest Chat Bible Comment
Comment HereComplete Biblical ResearchComplete Chat Bible Commentary
Please post your comment on Matthew 1:19.
Name:

WWW Chat Bible Commentary

User-Posted Comments on Matthew 1:19


Recent Chat Bible Comments