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Matthew 1:16 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and Jacob begat Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus, who is called Christ.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And Jacob begat Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus, who is called Christ.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Jacob was the father of Joseph the husband of Mary, by whom Jesus was born, who is called the Messiah.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And Jacob begat Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus, who is called Christ.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and Jacob begat Joseph, the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus, who is called Christ.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And Jacob begat Joseph, the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus,—who is called Christ.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and Jacob begat Joseph, the husband of Mary, of whom was begotten Jesus, who is named Christ.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And Jacob begot Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus, who is called Christ.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Iacob begate Ioseph the husband of Mary, of whom was borne Iesus, who is called Christ.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Jakub begat Jauseph, husband of Mariam, of whom was born Jeshu who is called the Meshicha.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Jacob begat Joseph, the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus who is called the Messiah.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
Jacob 2384
{2384} Prime
Ἰακώβ
Iakob
{ee-ak-obe'}
Of Hebrew origin [H3290]; Jacob (that is, Ja'akob), the pogenitor of the Israelites; also an Israelite.
begat 1080
{1080} Prime
γεννάω
gennao
{ghen-nah'-o}
From a variation of G1085; to procreate (properly of the father, but by extension of the mother); figuratively to regenerate.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
Joseph 2501
{2501} Prime
Ἰωσήφ
Ioseph
{ee-o-safe'}
Of Hebrew origin [H3130]; Joseph, the name of seven Israelites.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
husband 435
{0435} Prime
ἀνήρ
aner
{an'-ayr}
A primary word (compare G0444); a man (properly as an individual male).
of Mary, 3137
{3137} Prime
Μαρία
Maria
{mar-ee'-ah}
Of Hebrew origin [H4813]; Maria or Mariam (that is, Mirjam), the name of six Christian females.
of 1537
{1537} Prime
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
whom 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
was born 1080
{1080} Prime
γεννάω
gennao
{ghen-nah'-o}
From a variation of G1085; to procreate (properly of the father, but by extension of the mother); figuratively to regenerate.
z5681
<5681> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 602
Jesus, 2424
{2424} Prime
Ἰησοῦς
Iesous
{ee-ay-sooce'}
Of Hebrew origin [H3091]; Jesus (that is, Jehoshua), the name of our Lord and two (three) other Israelites.
who 3588
{3588} Prime

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
is called 3004
{3004} Prime
λέγω
lego
{leg'-o}
A primary verb; properly to 'lay' forth, that is, (figuratively) relate (in words [usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue]); by implication to mean.
z5746
<5746> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 360
Christ. 5547
{5547} Prime
Χριστός
Christos
{khris-tos'}
From G5548; anointed, that is, the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Matthew 1:16

_ _ And Jacob begat Joseph, the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus — From this it is clear that the genealogy here given is not that of Mary, but of Joseph; nor has this ever been questioned. And yet it is here studiously proclaimed that Joseph was not the natural, but only the legal father of our Lord. His birth of a virgin was known only to a few; but the acknowledged descent of his legal father from David secured that the descent of Jesus Himself from David should never be questioned. See on Matthew 1:20.

_ _ who is called Christ — signifying “anointed.” It is applied in the Old Testament to the kings (1 Samuel 24:6, 1 Samuel 24:10); to the priests (Leviticus 4:5, Leviticus 4:16, etc.); and to the prophets (1 Kings 19:16) — these all being anointed with oil, the symbol of the needful spiritual gifts to consecrate them to their respective offices; and it was applied, in its most sublime and comprehensive sense, to the promised Deliverer, inasmuch as He was to be consecrated to an office embracing all three by the immeasurable anointing of the Holy Ghost (Isaiah 61:1; compare John 3:34).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 1:1-17.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Matthew 1:16

The husband of Mary — Jesus was generally believed to be the son of Joseph. It was needful for all who believed this, to know, that Joseph was sprung from David. Otherwise they would not allow Jesus to be the Christ. Jesus, who is called Christ — The name Jesus respects chiefly the promise of blessing made to Abraham: the name Christ, the promise of the Messiah's kingdom, which was made to David. It may be farther observed, that the word Christ in Greek, and Messiah in Hebrew, signify anointed, and imply the prophetic, priestly, and royal characters, which were to meet in the Messiah. Among the Jews, anointing was the ceremony whereby prophets, priests, and kings were initiated into those offices. And if we look into ourselves, we shall find a want of Christ in all these respects. We are by nature at a distance from God, alienated from him, and incapable of a free access to him. Hence we want a mediator, an intercessor, in a word, a Christ, in his priestly office. This regards our state with respect to God. And with respect to ourselves, we find a total darkness, blindness, ignorance of God, and the things of God. Now here we want Christ in his prophetic office, to enlighten our minds, and teach us the whole will of God. We find also within us a strange misrule of appetites and passions. For these we want Christ in his royal character, to reign in our hearts, and subdue all things to himself.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Joseph:

Matthew 1:18-25 Now the birth of Jesus Christ was on this wise: When as his mother Mary was espoused to Joseph, before they came together, she was found with child of the Holy Ghost. ... And knew her not till she had brought forth her firstborn son: and he called his name JESUS.
Matthew 2:13 And when they were departed, behold, the angel of the Lord appeareth to Joseph in a dream, saying, Arise, and take the young child and his mother, and flee into Egypt, and be thou there until I bring thee word: for Herod will seek the young child to destroy him.
Luke 1:27 To a virgin espoused to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David; and the virgin's name [was] Mary.
Luke 2:4-5 And Joseph also went up from Galilee, out of the city of Nazareth, into Judaea, unto the city of David, which is called Bethlehem; (because he was of the house and lineage of David:) ... To be taxed with Mary his espoused wife, being great with child.
Luke 2:48 And when they saw him, they were amazed: and his mother said unto him, Son, why hast thou thus dealt with us? behold, thy father and I have sought thee sorrowing.
Luke 3:23 And Jesus himself began to be about thirty years of age, being (as was supposed) the son of Joseph, which was [the son] of Heli,
Luke 4:22 And all bare him witness, and wondered at the gracious words which proceeded out of his mouth. And they said, Is not this Joseph's son?

of whom:

Mark 6:3 Is not this the carpenter, the son of Mary, the brother of James, and Joses, and of Juda, and Simon? and are not his sisters here with us? And they were offended at him.
Luke 1:31-35 And, behold, thou shalt conceive in thy womb, and bring forth a son, and shalt call his name JESUS. ... And the angel answered and said unto her, The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow thee: therefore also that holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God.
Luke 2:7 And she brought forth her firstborn son, and wrapped him in swaddling clothes, and laid him in a manger; because there was no room for them in the inn.
Luke 2:10-11 And the angel said unto them, Fear not: for, behold, I bring you good tidings of great joy, which shall be to all people. ... For unto you is born this day in the city of David a Saviour, which is Christ the Lord.

who:

Matthew 27:17 Therefore when they were gathered together, Pilate said unto them, Whom will ye that I release unto you? Barabbas, or Jesus which is called Christ?
Matthew 27:22 Pilate saith unto them, What shall I do then with Jesus which is called Christ? [They] all say unto him, Let him be crucified.
John 4:25 The woman saith unto him, I know that Messias cometh, which is called Christ: when he is come, he will tell us all things.
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Mt 1:18; 2:13; 27:17, 22. Mk 6:3. Lk 1:27, 31; 2:4, 7, 10, 48; 3:23; 4:22. Jn 4:25.

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User-Posted Comments on Matthew 1:16


Regarding the word husband - aner/andra, an adult male, the context deciding the meaning. Since the context here are descendants, then Joseph would be the father of Mary. This then would make 14 generations from the carrying away to Babylon to the Messiah. Jesus was a descendant of David according to the flesh - Ro 1:3, and the son of God according to spirit - Luke 1:35 when God created seed in Mary.
- Barb S (3/25/2011 7:59:09 AM) [qBible.com]
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